Navigation Links
Toxins from Staph Bacteria Disrupt Immune System
Date:11/30/2010

TUESDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Superantigens -- toxins produced by staphylococcus bacteria -- are more complex and may cause more illnesses than formerly realized, say Swedish researchers.

"Superantigens have a real talent for disrupting the body's immune system. If you're infected with bacteria that secrete antigens, your immune system will respond so strongly that it'll make you ill," study author Karin Lindkvist, of the University of Gothenburg, said in a university news release. "Our study shows that superantigens activate the immune system in more ways than previously thought."

A normal viral infection will trigger activation of about 0.0001 percent of the immune system's natural killer cells (a type of T-cell). But bacteria that secrete superantigens trigger activation of 5 percent to 20 percent of the body's T-cells, an immune response that often causes illness such as fever and extreme nausea.

"By investigating how superantigens activate the immune system via its T-cells, we've been able to show that they bind to more than one part of the T-cell receptor," Lindkvist said. "This is an important discovery for our understanding of superantigens' biological function, and for the future development of a vaccine against superantigens. We haven't yet looked at whether other superantigens can activate T-cells in the same complex way, but it's reasonable to assume that they can."

Staph infections are associated with food poisoning, wound infections and abscesses. Superantigens can also cause toxic symptoms and toxic shock syndrome, and some scientists have speculated that they are involved with autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis.

The study appears in the current issue of the journal Nature Communications.

More information

The Nemours Foundation has more about staph infections.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: University of Gothenburg, news release, Nov. 28, 2010


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Many Supplements Said to Contain Toxins, Make False Health Claims
2. UCI gets major funding to study ways of preventing drug-resistant staph infections
3. Drug-Resistant Staph Threatens Cystic Fibrosis Patients
4. ANY LAB TEST NOW Launches New Infectious Disease Panels - Affordable Panels Test for H1N1, Staph, E. coli and Other Infectious Diseases
5. Latest American Chemical Society podcast: New water filter kills disease-causing bacteria
6. Severe Bacterial Strain Found in Cystic Fibrosis Patients in Canada
7. Unexpectedly small effects of mutations in bacteria bring new perspectives
8. Common stomach bacteria may fight off inflammatory bowel disease caused by Salmonella
9. Knowledge gaps, fears common among parents of children with drug-resistant bacteria
10. Intestinal enzyme helps maintain population of beneficial bacteria
11. NIH scientists describe how salmonella bacteria spread in humans
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Toxins from Staph Bacteria Disrupt Immune System
(Date:6/25/2016)... Austin, TX (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... Fellow of the American College of Mohs Surgery and to Dr. Russell Peckham for ... popular and highly effective treatment for skin cancer. The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... As a lifelong Southern Californian, Dr. ... his M.D from the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. He trained in ... to complete his fellowship in hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive View-Cedars Sinai program where he ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... A recent article published June 14 ... The article goes on to state that individuals are now more comfortable seeking to ... operations such as calf and cheek reduction. The Los Angeles area medical group, Beverly ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... The Pulmonary ... Dallas that it will receive two significant new grants to support its work ... marked its 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals and scientists for their ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Rhinebeck, NY (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Topical BioMedics, Inc, makers of ... of companies that call for a minimum wage raise to $12 an hour by 2020 ... wage. This will restore the lost value of the minimum wage, assure the wage floor ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016 Research and Markets ... Market - Forecast to 2022" report to their offering. ... method for the patients with kidney failure, it replaces the ... from the patient,s blood and thus the treatment helps to ... chloride in balance. Increasing number of ESRD ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016 Research and Markets has ... Market Analysis 2016 - Forecast to 2022" report to ... report contains up to date financial data derived from varied ... major trends with potential impact on the market during the ... segmentation which comprises of sub markets, regional and country level ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... INDIANAPOLIS , June 23, 2016 ... Tomorrow,s Leaders Scholarship is any indication, the future is ... online at www.diabetesscholars.org by the Diabetes Scholars ... in the way of academic and community service excellence. ... program since 2012, and continues to advocate for people ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: