Navigation Links
Toxic Gas in Dogs' Vomit a Threat to Vets: CDC
Date:4/26/2012

THURSDAY, April 26 (HealthDay News) -- Dogs who accidentally eat a commercial poison to combat gophers and moles can emit a toxic gas that can sicken veterinary staff, a new report indicates.

Experts at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say such canine gas attacks felled workers at four veterinary clinics between 2006 and 2011, and such incidents "might be underreported." All of the workers (and dogs) involved in the four cases recovered, the report added.

The cases involved zinc phosphide, a "readily available rodenticide that, on contact with stomach acid and water, produces phosphine, a highly toxic gas," explained a team led by Rebecca Tsai, an epidemic intelligence service officer at the CDC. People who use the rodenticide are typically aiming to rid properties of burrowing rodents such as gophers or moles, and the products' instructions say that the pellets should be inserted within the animals' tunnels or burrows.

However, sometimes users may have simply spread the pellets on the ground, where dogs could eat them, or "even with correct application, dogs might be exposed while digging in treated areas with their paws or by consuming poisoned prey," the CDC team noted.

Once the zinc phosphide is ingested, the dog quickly becomes sick and owners typically rush them to a vet for care. But the chemical reacts with stomach acid and water to produce the toxic gas phosphine.

In one such case in Washington state last year, owners rushed a "limp," semi-comatose dachshund to a veterinary hospital, where she vomited into paper towels. A 34-year-old veterinary technician nearby who breathed in fumes from the vomit "immediately developed pain and nausea," the report said, but she recovered after 20 minutes.

Other cases have been more serious. In 2008, a 62-pound dog was taken to a vet clinic in Michigan after eating three zinc phosphide pellets. The veterinarian induced vomiting in the dog "in a poorly ventilated room" and quickly experienced symptoms such as "respiratory pain, headache, dizziness, chest pain, sore throat and nausea." Still sick 15 hours later, she went to a local emergency room and was kept under hospital care overnight. Three other workers at the same clinic were also sickened; all eventually recovered.

Similar events were also reported at vet clinics in Michigan in 2006 and in Iowa in 2007.

The CDC says many other cases might go undetected. "Because symptoms might only last a few hours and can resolve without medical treatment, victims might never associate symptoms with poisoning," the researchers said.

For now, the agency recommends that pet owners use products containing zinc phosphide as directed or, better yet, try alternate means of eliminating burrowing rodents such as snap traps. And in cases where pets are suspected of becoming sick by ingesting the pellets, veterinarians should always induce vomiting outdoors to disperse any toxic fumes.

Veterinary staff treating horses with phosphine poisoning have also become sick, according to the American Veterinary Medical Association, which issued guidelines this year for vets regarding phosphine products. Besides rodent bait, these include aluminum phosphide, an insecticide used to fumigate grains and animal feed.

The findings on dogs were published in the April 27 issue of the CDC's journal Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

More information

The ASPCA has more on what to do if you think your pet has been poisoned.

-- E.J. Mundell

SOURCE: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, April 27, 2012


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Drugs Previously Thought to Be Toxic May Stop Spread of Cancer
2. Genetic variants affect arsenic metabolism and toxicity in Bangladesh
3. Missouri Botanical Garden scientists examine toxicity of medicinal plants in Peru
4. EUROECHO 2011: Importance of echocardiography to evaluate cardio toxicity in cancer patients
5. UC Riverside toxicologist honored by international academy
6. Exposure to Toxic Solvents Linked to Parkinsons Disease
7. University of Tennessee microbiologist to develop biofilter to clean-up toxic water
8. Research finds gallium nitride is non-toxic, biocompatible - holds promise for implants
9. National Jewish Health researchers awarded $13 million to evaluate treatments for toxic gases
10. South Africas toxic legacy: Acid mine drainage threatens water supplies
11. Toxic After-Effects Still Haunt 9/11 Responders
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Toxic Gas in Dogs' Vomit a Threat to Vets: CDC
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... 26, 2017 , ... Datos Health , developer of a pioneering Patient-Generated ... the largest Electronic Medical Records (EMR) provider in South Africa. By using Datos’ ... patient’s remote health progress, empowering the patient to take direct responsibility for their cost ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... , ... April 26, 2017 , ... Miami native and ... a dentist. , “I could have never imagined back in 1991 that this journey ... Dr. Gallardo. , Over the last 25 years, Dr. Gallardo has pioneered implant dentistry ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... , ... April 26, 2017 ... ... provides an agile ecosystem and domain expertise for sponsors and CROs to ... and trial supply management (RTSM) software platform. Bioclinica AGILE RTSM ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... ProRehab ... to be the preferred physical therapy provider for Derby City CrossFit, effective immediately. ... City CrossFit as quickly and effectively as possible, ProRehab’s sports physical therapists will ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... A recent report ... score performance for the 2015-16 school year across Wisconsin’s public schools, charter schools, ... highlights important patterns in student test score performance, the report’s limited analyses fail ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/24/2017)... April 24, 2017 Solentim, the developer ... the addition of a major new product line ... Seeding,). The VIPS has been developed for automatically ... microplates as part of the process to generate ... simple and more reliable solution when compared to ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... MINNEAPOLIS , April 20, 2017  Cogentix ... company focused on providing the Urology, Uro/Gyn and ... reported that Ash Keswani has joined the Company ... In this newly created position, Mr. Keswani will ... and CEO. "Our organization is delighted ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... , April 20, 2017  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. ... healthcare, today announced that it will be participating in ... at the InterContinental Hotel in Boston, Massachusetts ... will present at 11:20 a.m. Eastern Time. ... via Zimmer Biomet,s Investor Relations website at http://investor.zimmerbiomet.com ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: