Navigation Links
Tough Legislation on Underage Drinking Seems to Save Lives
Date:4/7/2009

Laws on purchase and possession of alcohol, zero tolerance prevent more than 700 deaths a year, study says

TUESDAY, April 7 (HealthDay News) -- Not all laws are created equal when it comes to reducing the number of drinking-related auto accidents, say researchers who analyzed the impact of underage drinking laws and alcohol-related traffic fatalities.

Most effective, they found, are laws targeting the purchase and possession of alcohol by youth, including use-and-lose laws that allow the suspension of a driver's license for any underage alcohol violation and zero-tolerance laws that make it illegal for young people to drive with any amount of alcohol in their system.

"Raising the drinking age to 21 has resulted in significant reductions in underage drinking and driving fatal crashes," said the study's lead author, James C. Fell, director of traffic safety and enforcement programs for the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, in Calverton, Md., which did the study. "While there have been studies about drinking age, what happens when you lower it or raise it, there were other components of underage drinking laws we needed to look at."

Laws on purchase and possession of alcohol and zero tolerance save an estimated 732 lives a year, according to the study. And the researchers theorized that an additional 165 could be saved if all states were to adopt use-and-lose laws.

The researchers used information from four national databases and analyzed six laws that states had enacted to try to reduce the incidence of underage drinking and driving and four laws aimed at drivers of all ages.

Use-and-lose laws resulted in 5 percent fewer accidents attributed to drinking and driving, the study found.

"Thirty-six states plus D.C. have such a law," Fell said. "I would ask the 14 states that don't to strongly consider adapting that legislation because, if they do and publicize it, they'll see a significant decrease in drinking-and-driving accidents."

When the entire driving population was considered, the researchers found that laws setting the legal drinking limit at .08 percent, mandating seat belt use and authorizing license revocation were the most effective at reducing alcohol-related fatal crashes.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, young people have a greater risk than older people of being involved in a crash under any circumstance but especially when alcohol is involved. Of those 16 to 20 years old who died in motor vehicle crashes in 2006, for example, 19 percent had consumed an alcoholic beverage, the CDC says.

The culture and drinking habits in which a young person was reared also affected the incidence of drinking and driving fatalities, the researchers said.

"We found a direct relationship between beer consumption per capita between drinking and driving accidents," Fell said. "We'd like to have underage beer drinking per capita, but that information isn't available."

Rae Tyson, a spokesman for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, said the "the effectiveness of laws on underage drinking found by Dr. Fell are consistent with research we've done in the past."

"This is an issue that has had lots of different solutions thrown at it -- some of them effective and some of them not," he added. "There are some laws that may not be effective and may not be worth the time."

But, he said, "when public service campaigns are backed up by some sort of enforcement campaign, then they're quite effective."

The results of Fell's study appear online April 7 in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have more on underage drinking and driving.



SOURCES: James C. Fell, director, traffic safety and enforcement programs, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Md.; Rae Tyson, spokesman, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, D.C.; April 7, 2009, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, online


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Urban Smog Tough on Young Adults Hearts
2. Dont Ignore Tough or Long-Term Stomach Pain
3. Coronary Disease Might Toughen Up Heart
4. Tea Helps Toughen Older Womens Hips
5. New Drug Promising Against Tough-to-Treat Kidney Cancer
6. Blood Pressure Tougher to Tame in Winter
7. Nicotine Plus Alcohol May Be Tough to Beat
8. FDA Mulls Tougher Warning Label on Kids Flu Drugs
9. FDA Panel Backs Tougher Warning for Tamiflu
10. FDA Panel Backs Tougher Warning on Asthma Drugs for Kids
11. Experts Agree That One Case Is Too Many; Tackle Tough Issue of Anesthesia Awareness
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Tough Legislation on Underage Drinking Seems to Save Lives
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Dickinson Insurance and Financial ... financial preparation services, is providing an update on a charitable event that began ... Rescue is a locally recognized nonprofit that provides shelter and care for animals ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... The American Board of Family Medicine's (ABFM) Board ... Chief Executive Officer, succeeding Dr. James C. Puffer upon his retirement. Dr. Newton will ... Dr. Puffer’s retirement at the end of 2018. Upon assuming the role of President ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Hannah Randall, PharmD ‘17, and Jennifer Huggins, PharmD ’17, along with clinical ... the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases during the 15th Annual Women’s Health ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... SAN LUIS OBISPO, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... with Alzheimer’s or dementia. However, many long-term care insurance companies have a waiver for ... mean is the 90-day elimination period, when the family pays for care, is often ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Global Healthcare Management’s 4th Annual Kids Fun Run brought out ... free event, sponsored by Global Healthcare Management’s CEO, Jon Letko, is aimed at getting ... children of all ages; it is a non-competitive, non-timed event, which is all about ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/2/2017)... , Oct. 2, 2017  Eli Lilly and ... financial results for the third quarter of 2017 on ... conference call on that day with the investment community ... The conference call will begin at 9 ... can access a live webcast of the conference call ...
(Date:9/28/2017)... 2017 Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: HRC), will ... and webcast on Friday, November 3, 2017, beginning at ... at approximately 8:30 a.m. (CDT) / 9:30 a.m. (EDT). ... financial performance and guidance for 2018, Hill-Rom executives will ... operational performance, and long-range financial outlook through 2020. ...
(Date:9/25/2017)... --  Montrium , an industry leader in powerful ... Trial Master Files & Inspection Readiness Conference ( ... Services has selected eTMF Connect to ... a leading European contract research organization (CRO), will ... enable greater collaboration with sponsors, improve compliance and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: