Navigation Links
Torture permanently damages normal perception of pain
Date:11/5/2013

Israeli soldiers captured during the 1973 Yom Kippur War were subjected to brutal torture in Egypt and Syria. Held alone in tiny, filthy spaces for weeks or months, sometimes handcuffed and blindfolded, they suffered severe beatings, burns, electric shocks, starvation, and worse. And rather than receiving treatment, additional torture was inflicted on existing wounds.

Forty years later, research by Prof. Ruth Defrin of the Department of Physical Therapy in the Sackler Faculty of Medicine at Tel Aviv University shows that the ex-prisoners of war (POWs), continue to suffer from dysfunctional pain perception and regulation, likely as a result of their torture. The study conducted in collaboration with Prof. Zahava Solomon and Prof. Karni Ginzburg of TAU's Bob Shapell School of Social Work and Prof. Mario Mikulincer of the School of Psychology at the Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya was published in the European Journal of Pain.

"The human body's pain system can either inhibit or excite pain. It's two sides of the same coin," says Prof. Defrin. "Usually, when it does more of one, it does less of the other. But in Israeli ex-POWs, torture appears to have caused dysfunction in both directions. Our findings emphasize that tissue damage can have long-term systemic effects and needs to be treated immediately."

A painful legacy

The study focused on 104 combat veterans of the Yom Kippur War. Sixty of the men were taken prisoner during the war, and 44 of them were not. In the study, all were put through a battery of psychophysical pain tests applying a heating device to one arm, submerging the other arm in a hot water bath, and pressing a nylon fiber into a middle finger. They also filled out psychological questionnaires.

The ex-POWs exhibited diminished pain inhibition (the degree to which the body eases one pain in response to another) and heightened pain excitation (the degree to which repeated exposure to the same sensation heightens the resulting pain). Based on these novel findings, the researchers conclude that the torture survivors' bodies now regulate pain in a dysfunctional way.

It is not entirely clear whether the dysfunction is the result of years of chronic pain or of the original torture itself. But the ex-POWs exhibited worse pain regulation than the non-POW chronic pain sufferers in the study. And a statistical analysis of the test data also suggested that being tortured had a direct effect on their ability to regulate pain.

Head games

The researchers say non-physical torture may have also contributed to the ex-POWs' chronic pain. Among other forms of oppression and humiliation, the ex-POWs were not allowed to use the toilet, cursed at and threatened, told demoralizing misinformation about their loved ones, and exposed to mock executions. In the later stages of captivity, most of the POWs were transferred to a group cell, where social isolation was replaced by intense friction, crowding, and loss of privacy.

"We think psychological torture also affects the physiological pain system," says Prof. Defrin. "We still have to fully analyze the data, but preliminary analysis suggests there is a connection."


'/>"/>

Contact: George Hunka
ghunka@aftau.org
212-742-9070
American Friends of Tel Aviv University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Tinnitus Miracle Review Exposes 5 Step Method to Eliminate Tinnitus Permanently
2. Home Remedies for Angular Cheilitis
3. How “Angular Cheilitis Overnight Cure” Helps People Eliminate Angular Cheilitis Permanently - V-kool
4. Diet Doc Medical Weight Loss Plans Offers New Medically Guided Prescription Diet Plans That Teach Patients How to Lose Weight Permanently
5. Natural Ways to Improve Eyesight
6. “Natural Clear Vision” Helps People Overcome the Risk of Losing Their Eyesight Permanently– V kool
7. How to Get Rid of Snoring
8. “Snore Buster” Teaches People How to Stop Snoring Permanently – V-kool
9. Fibroids Miracle Review Reveals Effective Natural Treatment and Secrets To Cure Fibroids Permanently
10. Shoulder Pain Exercises
11. How "The Ultimate Rotator Cuff" Helps People Get Rid of Shoulder Pain Permanently – HealthReviewCenter
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/21/2017)... ... January 21, 2017 , ... Santa Rosa Orthopaedics (SRO) ... located at 167 Lynch Creek Way. The Petaluma office features three comfortable patient ... and rehabilitation services and on-site x-ray services. Two multi-specialist orthopaedic surgeons Dr. ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... Spectrum Aquatics Launches New ADA Portable Motion Trek BP ... Since the lift is mounted on wheels, it can be wheeled out of the way ... to fasten to the deck. "We have transformed the feedback from customers into specific enhancements ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... Source Vitál Apothecary, a skin and body care ... announced the company had a successful visit to the 2017 ECRM Diet, Vitamin & ... that work in the nutritional, sports and health industries a chance to meet in ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... Miami, Florida (PRWEB) , ... January 20, 2017 , ... ... in head lice cases in families with school-aged children since the holiday season. ... spend the holidays with their families, sharing hugs and taking photos, which is the ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... Michael and Betsy Brauser celebrated ... Institute. For Betsy, the clinical trial has been life-saving as she has been ... , Betsy Brauser was diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 2009. She underwent standard ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/20/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the ... and Future" report to their offering. ... This research service on the global ... and provides a snapshot of the key participants in the market. ... provided from 2016 to 2020. The market is expected to grow ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... Entscheidung fällt als ... Die internationale humanitäre Stadt soll um knapp 2800 m² ... Seine Hoheit Scheich Muhammad bin Raschid ... von Dubai , hat den Auftrag ... Humanitarian City IHC) zu verdreifachen, um den Betrieb zur ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... The global immunomodulators market is expected ... to a new study by Grand View Research, ... driven by high R&D investments employed by the ... new and therapeutically advanced drugs. This is believed ... unprecedented rate into the immunomodulators market hence providing ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: