Navigation Links
Torture permanently damages normal perception of pain
Date:11/5/2013

Israeli soldiers captured during the 1973 Yom Kippur War were subjected to brutal torture in Egypt and Syria. Held alone in tiny, filthy spaces for weeks or months, sometimes handcuffed and blindfolded, they suffered severe beatings, burns, electric shocks, starvation, and worse. And rather than receiving treatment, additional torture was inflicted on existing wounds.

Forty years later, research by Prof. Ruth Defrin of the Department of Physical Therapy in the Sackler Faculty of Medicine at Tel Aviv University shows that the ex-prisoners of war (POWs), continue to suffer from dysfunctional pain perception and regulation, likely as a result of their torture. The study conducted in collaboration with Prof. Zahava Solomon and Prof. Karni Ginzburg of TAU's Bob Shapell School of Social Work and Prof. Mario Mikulincer of the School of Psychology at the Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya was published in the European Journal of Pain.

"The human body's pain system can either inhibit or excite pain. It's two sides of the same coin," says Prof. Defrin. "Usually, when it does more of one, it does less of the other. But in Israeli ex-POWs, torture appears to have caused dysfunction in both directions. Our findings emphasize that tissue damage can have long-term systemic effects and needs to be treated immediately."

A painful legacy

The study focused on 104 combat veterans of the Yom Kippur War. Sixty of the men were taken prisoner during the war, and 44 of them were not. In the study, all were put through a battery of psychophysical pain tests applying a heating device to one arm, submerging the other arm in a hot water bath, and pressing a nylon fiber into a middle finger. They also filled out psychological questionnaires.

The ex-POWs exhibited diminished pain inhibition (the degree to which the body eases one pain in response to another) and heightened pain excitation (the degree to which repeated exposure to the same sensation heightens the resulting pain). Based on these novel findings, the researchers conclude that the torture survivors' bodies now regulate pain in a dysfunctional way.

It is not entirely clear whether the dysfunction is the result of years of chronic pain or of the original torture itself. But the ex-POWs exhibited worse pain regulation than the non-POW chronic pain sufferers in the study. And a statistical analysis of the test data also suggested that being tortured had a direct effect on their ability to regulate pain.

Head games

The researchers say non-physical torture may have also contributed to the ex-POWs' chronic pain. Among other forms of oppression and humiliation, the ex-POWs were not allowed to use the toilet, cursed at and threatened, told demoralizing misinformation about their loved ones, and exposed to mock executions. In the later stages of captivity, most of the POWs were transferred to a group cell, where social isolation was replaced by intense friction, crowding, and loss of privacy.

"We think psychological torture also affects the physiological pain system," says Prof. Defrin. "We still have to fully analyze the data, but preliminary analysis suggests there is a connection."


'/>"/>

Contact: George Hunka
ghunka@aftau.org
212-742-9070
American Friends of Tel Aviv University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Tinnitus Miracle Review Exposes 5 Step Method to Eliminate Tinnitus Permanently
2. Home Remedies for Angular Cheilitis
3. How “Angular Cheilitis Overnight Cure” Helps People Eliminate Angular Cheilitis Permanently - V-kool
4. Diet Doc Medical Weight Loss Plans Offers New Medically Guided Prescription Diet Plans That Teach Patients How to Lose Weight Permanently
5. Natural Ways to Improve Eyesight
6. “Natural Clear Vision” Helps People Overcome the Risk of Losing Their Eyesight Permanently– V kool
7. How to Get Rid of Snoring
8. “Snore Buster” Teaches People How to Stop Snoring Permanently – V-kool
9. Fibroids Miracle Review Reveals Effective Natural Treatment and Secrets To Cure Fibroids Permanently
10. Shoulder Pain Exercises
11. How "The Ultimate Rotator Cuff" Helps People Get Rid of Shoulder Pain Permanently – HealthReviewCenter
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... As a former television executive, owner Tal ... and no time to decompress, Rabinowitz found herself drawn to a casual meditation class ... impact on her life, implementing a 20-minute-per-day meditation practice with her team. After her ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Appleton, Wis. (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 ... ... its second Lean Leadership Series at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital on April ... to practice new behaviors and create new habits. The workshops cover a broad ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... 12, 2016 , ... Fisher House Foundation Chairman and CEO Kenneth Fisher joined ... Support Alliance president Scott Bensing, and Peggy Kearns Director, VA Southern Nevada Healthcare System ... This will be the first Fisher House in Nevada, and will provide free ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Vail knee specialist Robert LaPrade, MD, PhD ... 2016 . The list consists of physicians establishing, leading and partnering with ambulatory surgery ... , An Ambulatory Surgery Center, also known as an ASC, is a modern health ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Ramon, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... donation in northern California and Nevada, announced a partnership with San Ramon Regional Medical ... transferred to the hospital’s facilities as a way to accommodate a more certain time ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... , 12 februari 2016 ... een toonaangevende leverancier van productie en ontwikkeling ... industrieën, kondigt vandaag een uitbreiding aan van ... haar locatie in Charleston, SC ... geleid tot meerdere recente investeringen. ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... 2016 Indiso ltd ... ungedeckten medizinischen Bedarf bei Lungen- und Atemwegserkrankungen ... Forschungsprogramms bekannt. Das Programm, das sich mit ... respiratorischen Funktionen und anderer klinischer Parameter. ... das sich auf den ungedeckten medizinischen Bedarf ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016 ... Companion Diagnostics in Personalized Medicine and Cancer Therapy. ... - High-Growth Diagnostic Testing Markets. - Key Diagnostic ... - Molecular Diagnostics in Genetic Testing. - ... Diagnostics Markets. - Over-the-Counter Diagnostic Products World Markets. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: