Navigation Links
Toronto's entertainment district 'hot-spot' for violence-related injuries
Date:1/26/2010

Toronto, OntarioJanuary 26, 2010 -- Each day people living in large urban centres are injured as the result of violent acts such as physical assault. While existing research tells us where such events are most likely to happen, a new study by Canadian scientists has gone one step further.

"While studies have been done on the geography of violent crime, few researchers have looked at what we call the spatio-temporal patterns of violent injurynot just where these are most likely to occur, but also when," says lead author Dr.Michael Cusimano, a scientist at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto.

Toronto has a single ambulance service serving the emergency needs of its 2.4 million residents, he adds. Each ambulance dispatch is precisely geocoded by longitude and latitude and also time-stamped, providing unique information about the ''where'' and ''when'' of injury.

The researchers analyzed data from EMS, Toronto's ambulance service, which oversees and collects data on approximately 260,000 dispatches per year. The study looked at 4,587 injury-related ambulance dispatches and 10,693 emergency room admissions during 2002 and 2004. Only assault-related injuresthose caused by a gun, knife, sharp or blunt object, or a body part such as a fistwere included in the analysis.

Based on data from the EMS, hospitals, and census information, the researchers generated time and location maps for both 24-hour and four-hour daily time periods. The maps recorded the locations of ambulance dispatches; the land use and socioeconomic characteristics of these locations; and the home addresses of injury victims. Several trends were observed:

  • Violent injury events were most likely to take place in areas with more bars, social housing units and homeless shelters, as well as lower-income households. The highest concentration of ambulance calls was for events in the eastern downtown area, followed by calls to neighbourhoods in the west-end, mid-town, and northwest and east of the downtown core.

  • Between midnight and 4 a.m., the most prominent ''hot spot'' for ambulance dispatches for assault injuries shifted to a southwest downtown area, known as the 'Entertainment District. This part of Toronto has relatively few residents with a high density of bars and social clubs.

  • Assault-related injuries peaked during the night and early morning hours. One-quarter of all ambulance dispatches happened between 8 p.m. and midnight, another quarter between midnight and 4 a.m.

  • The location of violent injury which occurred during the day was generally close to the victim's home address. But this changed later on, when injury locations shifted to "nightlife districts" that did not correspond with the victims' home addresses.

"One of the most interesting things we discovered is that patterns of urban assault-related injury are always changing," says Dr. Cusimano. "The location of injuries shifted over timefrom low income areas during daylight and early evening hours to areas of higher income, lower residential density and higher densities of drinking establishments at night."

The researchers think the observed shift to night-life districts has implications for preventive interventions such as policy, law enforcement and strategies aimed at alcohol and drug use not only in Toronto but in large cities all over the world that have "entertainment districts".


'/>"/>

Contact: Julie Saccone
sacconej@smh.toronto.on.ca
416-864-5047
St. Michael's Hospital
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Amway Global Improv-Ice Provides Christmas Day Entertainment
2. Middle Schoolers Identify Violent Content in Youth-Targeted Entertainment as a Strong Influence in Causing Youth Violence
3. Entertainment Celebrities Support Red Cross Holiday Giving Campaign
4. Majesco Entertainment and Interactive Game Group Release Jillian Michaels Fitness Ultimatum 2010 For Nintendo DS(TM)
5. Anchor Bay Entertainment Joins Forces With Susan G. Komen for the Cure(R) in the Fight Against Breast Cancer
6. Dwayne Johnson, Novo Nordisk and the Entertainment Industry Foundation Educate Families about Healthy Living and Diabetes
7. Hilary Smith Upped to Senior Vice President, Communications, NBC Universal Women & Lifestyle Entertainment Networks
8. Hundreds of Fans and Entertainment Tonight Canada Greet Dr. Siegals COOKIE DIET(R) Creator Sanford Siegal, D.O., M.D., at Book Signing Event in Montreal, Quebec
9. Golden Rainbow Celebrates Las Vegas Entertainment in 23rd Annual Ribbon of Life Production Show
10. Majesco Entertainment and Interactive Game Group Announce Two New Jillian Michaels Fitness Video Games
11. Clarisonic Pounds the Pavement Pink Offering Generous Donation at 2009 Entertainment Industry Foundation Revlon Run/Walk for Women
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Ellevate Network, the leading network for professional ... action towards gender equality at their inaugural Summit in New York City in June. ... a social audience of over 3 million. To watch the Mobilize Women video, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... , ... “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field”: the story ... the Philippines. “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field” is the creation ... has taught all ages and currently teaches a class of ladies at her church, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Wis. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... standard products to meet the demand of today’s consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. ... of probiotic experts and tested to meet the highest standard. , These ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Dr. Parsa Mohebi, the ... medical article to the newly revamped Cosmetic Town journal section, featuring ... transplant procedure known as Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE). , Dr. Mohebi ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... first interactive health literacy software tool, and the Cancer Patient Education Network (CPEN), ... patient education, today announce a new strategic alliance. , As CPEN’s strategic ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/7/2017)... 2017   Provista, a proven leader in ... in purchasing power, today announced a new resource area ... Newsroom is the online home for case studies, ... bios, news releases, slideshows and events. ... of resources at their fingertips, viewers can also watch ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... Mass. , Oct. 4, 2017  According to the Centers for ... the end of October . PhysicianOne Urgent Care is helping communities across ... Westchester, NY , by offering no-cost* flu shots through the ... as mandated by certain health insurance regulations. ... The best time to get a flu shot is by the ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... , Oct. 2, 2017  Eli Lilly and Company ... results for the third quarter of 2017 on Tuesday, ... call on that day with the investment community and ... The conference call will begin at 9 a.m. ... access a live webcast of the conference call through ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: