Navigation Links
Toronto researcher's discovery points to a new treatment avenue for acute myeloid leukemia
Date:7/6/2009

Toronto, July 6, 2009-- Dr. John Dick, Senior Scientist at the Ontario Cancer Institute, the research arm of Princess Margaret Hospital, co-led a multinational team that has developed the first leukemia therapy that targets a protein, CD123, on the surface of cancer stem cells that drive acute myeloid leukemia (AML), which is an aggressive disease with a poor outcome.

Dr. Richard Lock is leading the clinical trial in Australia that expands on research suggesting that antibodies targeting cancer stem cells significantly reduced the growth of human AML cells that had been transplanted into immune-deficient mice, a laboratory model that mimics the human disease, establishing the therapeutic potential of this type of therapy.

Dr. Tom Hudson, President and Scientific Director of the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR) congratulated Dr. Dick, who is the Program Leader of OICR's Cancer Stem Cell Program. Dr. Hudson said, "John Dick has made remarkable progress in the understanding of what initiates and sustains cancer. Together with his collaborators Dr. Dick has developed the first anti-cancer monoclonal antibody therapy that specifically targets cancer stem cells. This discovery offers hope for the development of treatments that target the cancer stem cells of other types of tumours as well."

"This is precisely the role we envisioned for the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research when the McGuinty government created it back in 2005," said Minister of Research and Innovation John Milloy. "Bringing together this province's considerable strengths around cancer prevention, detection, diagnosis and treatment is helping Ontario lead the fight against this terrible disease."

The research on AML builds on the discovery by Dr. Dick that there is a population of cells within cancer, termed cancer stem cells, which are responsible for sustaining cancer growth. Their earlier research had shown that cancer stem cells are often resistant to standard chemotherapy and since they survive such therapy, they can eventually cause a recurrence of the disease.

The antibody targets the CD123 protein (IL-3 receptor α chain) on the cancer stem cells that drive cancer growth. The antibody does not appear to affect normal blood cells. On the basis of this experimental work, a Phase I clinical trial has been initiated to test safety and effectiveness in patients.

"The cancer stem cell hypothesis is one of the most exciting ideas in cancer biology, with the potential to truly transform cancer therapy. A major question has been whether agents could be developed that specifically target these cells without affecting normal stem cells," said Dr. Benjamin Neel, Director of the Ontario Cancer Institute. "The work of Drs. Dick and Lock provides the first evidence that such therapies may be possible."


'/>"/>

Contact: Nicole Bodnar
nicole.bodnar@uhn.on.ca
416-946-2846
University Health Network
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Response Biomedical Corporation Receives Conditional Listing Approval from the Toronto Stock Exchange
2. American Transplant Congress 2008 - Critical New Data to be Revealed in Toronto
3. Haemacure to Present at the BioFinance 2008 Conference to be held at the Toronto Marriott Eaton Centre, May 6 - 8, 2008
4. WorldHeart Announces Voluntary Delisting from the Toronto Stock Exchange
5. International Dental Research Association meets in Toronto
6. Mt. Sinai Services Toronto Becomes an Xceed Authorized Gene-Expression Service Provider Using Ziplex(R) System
7. Listing Review initiated by the Toronto Stock Exchange
8. Toronto Cosmetic Clinic Offers Axis Three Breast Enlargement Imaging for the First Time in Canada
9. People who wear rose-colored glasses see more, University of Toronto study shows
10. Anpath Group, Inc. Announces Selection of its Cleaner by the Toronto Transit System
11. Stanford researchers find culprit in aging muscles that heal poorly
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/26/2016)... Birmingham, Lake Orion, Clarkston, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... ... ... their direction with respect to fertility once they have been diagnosed with endometriosis. ... for tolerable intercourse but they also require a comprehensive approach that can help ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Lewisville, TX (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... in the United States, named Dr. Sesan Ogunleye, as the Medical Director of its ... be the facility Medical Director of our new Mesquite location,” said Dr. James M. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... A recent article published June ... with. The article goes on to state that individuals are now more comfortable seeking ... common operations such as calf and cheek reduction. The Los Angeles area medical group, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... MIAMI, Fla. (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... Florida Trend magazine’s 2016 Legal Elite. The attorneys chosen by their peers for this ... of Florida. , Seven Greenberg Traurig Shareholders received special honors as members of this ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... EB Medicine ... Making in Emergency Medicine conference in Ponte Vedra Beach, FL. The awards honor ... Emergency Medicine Practice and Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice. , “With this ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 Any dentist who has made an implant ... process. Many of them do not even offer this as ... high laboratory costs involved. And those who ARE able to ... a high cost that the majority of today,s patients would ... Parsa Zadeh , founder of Dental Evolutions Inc. and inventor ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Capricor Therapeutics, Inc. ... company focused on the discovery, development and commercialization ... in its ongoing randomized HOPE-Duchenne clinical trial (Halt ... its 24-patient target. Capricor expects the trial to ... 2016, and to report top line data from ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016  Astellas today announced the establishment of Astellas Farma Colombia (AFC), a new affiliate with operations ... Latin America . ... ... ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: