Navigation Links
Too Much Radiation? The FDA Wants to Know

Agency set to open two days of public comment on risks from scans

TUESDAY, March 30 (HealthDay News) -- Fears that Americans are being exposed to too much radiation will get a public airing this week as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration holds two days of meetings on what should be done to increase the safety of increasingly popular imaging procedures.

Specifically, the agency is seeking ideas to get manufacturers of the devices used for CT scans and fluoroscopy to set higher standards for their equipment and increase the amount of training they offer those who use the equipment.

The aim is to "help reduce unnecessary patient exposure to ionizing radiation" during these procedures, the FDA said in announcing the Tuesday and Wednesday sessions. The imaging techniques, which are two of the top three contributors to total radiation exposure among Americans, use much higher radiation doses than standard X-rays, dental X-rays and mammography, potentially increasing the lifetime risk for cancer.

In addition, accidental radiation exposure can result in injuries, such as burns, hair loss and cataracts.

Dr. Jorge Guerra Jr., a professor of radiology at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, agreed that manufacturers need to "give us the best equipment [and] teach us how to use it properly." Scanning should only be done by trained professionals, he stressed.

But, Guerra, said, "it's the overuse of CT that's really killing it." There need to be clearer guidelines for the use of CT and other radiological devices, he said, including specific criteria on who should be getting scans for what particular conditions.

"Yes, there is an increased risk of cancer in the general population from the overuse of radiation," he said. "Let's work on cutting down on the overuse of radiation -- not cutting out the technology."

According to the U.S. National Cancer Institute, about 70 million CT scans are now done in the United States each year. In the early 1980s, only 3 million were done annually. The institute also estimates that up to 14,000 people die every year from radiation-induced cancers.

"The amount of radiation Americans are exposed to from medical imaging has dramatically increased over the past 20 years," Dr. Jeffrey Shuren, director of the FDA's Center for Devices and Radiological Health, said in a statement released in February when the agency unveiled a plan to increase communication between doctors and patients about the pros and cons of medical imaging. "The goal of FDA's initiative is to support the benefits associated with medical imaging while minimizing the risks."

Though the extent of a cancer risk remains a topic of debate, most experts agree that exposure to unnecessary radiation from these devices should be reduced. The radiation from a CT scan of the abdomen equals that of about 400 chest X-rays, and a dental X-ray has about half the radiation of a chest X-ray, according to the FDA.

An article in the March 28 edition of The New York Times reported that the FDA ignored warnings from its scientists about the risks of routinely using CT scans to screen people for colon cancer, a procedure sometimes called a virtual colonoscopy.

After an FDA official recommended approving the application for a device made by General Electric, Dr. Julian Nicholas, a gastroenterologist who worked under contract with the FDA, said he felt strongly that approving the application could "expose a number of Americans to a risk of radiation that is unwarranted and may lead to instances of solid organ abdominal cancer," according to the Times report.

Nicholas told The Times that he was later urged to change his view: "I was first ignored, then pressured to change my scientific opinion, and when I refused to do that, I was intimidated and ultimately terminated. And I'm going to tell the committee exactly that at this meeting."

Guerra, however, has a different view of the situation involving virtual colonoscopy. He described it as "mostly a turf battle."

Radiologists, he says, tend to like the newer "virtual" procedure, contending that the dose of radiation is a minimal risk, compared with the benefit. Gastroenterologists, on the other hand, tend to still see the traditional colonoscopy as the diagnostic gold standard.

Guerra noted that the two procedures find about the same number of colorectal cancers and, if a CT colonoscopy was done at age 50 and nothing was found, the person wouldn't need another one for 10 years. "You are not going to do more than three or four in a lifetime," he said.

In February, the FDA noted that the benefits of medical imaging were considerable because they've led to disease being diagnosed earlier, allowing better treatment options, including "image-guided therapies that help save lives every day."

But to keep radiation exposure to a minimum, the agency asked that doctors and patients keep two principles in mind: that each procedure must be justified and that the radiation be given at the minimum dose required.

More information

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has more on radiation from CT scans.

SOURCES: Jorge Guerra Jr., M.D., professor, radiology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami; March 28, 2010, The New York Times

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Fitness Expert Lisa Druxman Introduces Mama Wants(TM) DVD Exercise Series
Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... People across the U.S. are ... Code Talker Award, an essay contest in which patients and their families pay tribute ... presented at the 2016 National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) Annual Education Conference (AEC) ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... The Haute Beauty ... Barry M. Weintraub as a prominent plastic surgeon and the network’s newest partner. ... and the most handsome men, look naturally attractive. Plastic surgery should be invisible.” ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Strategic Capital Partners, ... economy by obtaining investment capital for emerging technology companies. SCP has delivered ... already resulted in more than a million dollars of capital investment for five ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Venture Construction Group (VCG) ... held on June 20th at the Woodmont Country Club at 1201 Rockville Pike, ... organization dedicated to helping service members that have been wounded in battle and their ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Advanced Plastic Surgery Institute ( ... as its official Medspa Sponsor. Dr. Josh Olson, a board-certified plastic surgeon, owns ... Dr. Olson says the decision to support the pageant in an official capacity ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... June 24, 2016 The Academy of Managed ... recommendations that would allow biopharmaceutical companies to more ... that make formulary and coverage decisions, a move that ... new medicines. The recommendations address restrictions in ... on the drug label, a prohibition that hinders decision ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has announced ... Diagnostic Tests" report to their offering. ... The World Market for Companion Diagnostics covers ... Market analysis in the report includes the following: ... Diagnostic Kits) by Region (N. America, EU, ROW), 2015-2020 ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016 ... appointment of Dr. Edward Futcher to ... Director, effective June 23, 2016.Dr. Futcher was also ... and Governance Committees.  As a non-executive member of ... expertise and strategic counsel to VolitionRx in connection ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: