Navigation Links
Too-Low Blood Pressure Can Also Bring Danger
Date:5/7/2009

What's OK for the kidney and brain may not be best for the heart, expert says

THURSDAY, May 7 (HealthDay News) -- While too-high blood pressure is a clear hazard for most people, too-low pressure can apparently be a threat in some cases as well.

A new study of 10,001 people with coronary artery disease found what statisticians call a J-shaped curve of mortality, meaning a higher death rate for people with the lowest blood pressure. Dr. Franz H. Messerli, a professor of clinical medicine at Columbia University Medical Center and director of the hypertension program at St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital in New York City, reported on the finding Thursday at the American Society of Hypertension meeting in San Francisco.

"It stands to reason that there has to be a J-shaped curve," Messerli said. "If your blood pressure were zero, you would be dead."

He acknowledged that the people in the study were a bit out of the ordinary, with already-diagnosed coronary artery disease. The study was aimed at determining the effect of treatment with different amounts of a cholesterol-lowering statin drug, with blood pressure measured as a matter of routine.

When the results were in, the lowest rate of deaths and major coronary problems such as heart disease was seen not in the participants with the lowest blood pressure but in those slightly to the right on the curve, with a reading of 139.9 for systolic pressure (the reading when the heart contracts) and 79.2 for diastolic pressure.

Though Messerli stressed that this was "a unique population, with coronary artery disease, where the coronary arteries are compromised," he noted that "there has to be a point where lowering blood pressure is counterproductive."

That point can be seen on the curve of systolic pressure in this group, he said. "When you go from 120 to 130, even from 110 to 130, there is very little difference," Messerli said. "When it goes below 110, then all of a sudden it becomes very obvious."

The effect is more pronounced for diastolic pressure readings. "If you go to 70 or below, say to 60, there is a fourfold higher risk in the primary outcomes," he said.

A too-low reading, he noted, could mean that the brain is not getting enough blood. "Obviously, if there is a lack of blood, there can be danger similar to that when there is too much blood," Messerli said.

The finding in this particular group certainly doesn't mean that most people should worry about blood pressure being too low, he said. "By and large, within reason, lower is better," Messerli said.

But that might not be true in special cases, he said. "You can have a funny situation where one organ in the body is demanding more blood than is good for the rest of the body," Messerli said. "What is OK for the kidney and OK for the brain may not be OK for the heart."

Controlling high blood pressure remains a major concern for physicians, Messerli said. "There are a lot of patients who are untreated and uncontrolled," he said. "We need to do a better job."

Dr. Alan H. Gradman, professor of medicine at Temple University, said that the study should be treated with caution because the number of people with very low blood pressure was small, but he said that "it does suggest that there may well be a J curve in people with coronary artery disease."

Though many other studies have not shown a J curve, "which is why the idea that you can't go too low is out there," the new study results might mean a slight revision of that rule in some cases, Gradman said.

"If you treat people with coronary artery disease for hypertension, you don't want to go too low, to diastolic pressure below about 70," he said. "That's the take-home message here."

More information

The U.S. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute has more on high blood pressure.



SOURCES: Franz H. Messerli, M.D., professor, clinical medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, and director, hypertension program, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, New York City; Alan H. Gradman, M.D., professor, medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia; May 7, 2009, meeting, American Society of Hypertension, San Francisco


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Specific antagonism lowers blood pressure
2. Restricting Blood Flow May Help Heart Bypass Patients
3. FDA Updates Prescription Guidelines for Blood Thinner
4. Doctors Often Miss High Blood Pressure in Kids
5. Back to School Means Return of School Blood Drives
6. Blood-flow detector software show promise in preventing brain damage
7. FDA Approves New Roche West Nile Virus Blood Screening Test
8. Australian-led international study shows blood pressure drugs cut death rate in type 2 diabetes
9. Laser blasts viruses in blood
10. Study Demonstrates Marteks Algal DHA Oil Improves Blood Triglyceride Lipid Levels
11. LifeMasters Provides Tips for Maintaining a Healthy Blood Cholesterol Level
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Too-Low Blood Pressure Can Also Bring Danger
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... The manufacturer of the ... kicking trainers to St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital to benefit families dealing with ... band designed to teach children how to kick a soccer ball correctly. The ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... provider serving families of Camas and Vancouver, WA, has announced the latest ... the National Breast Cancer Foundation and their Mammography Program, which provides free ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... IsoComforter, Inc., one ... of the innovative newly improved Iso-Hip Wrap. The newly designed hip wrap ... enhances comfort and enables the patient to enjoy the benefits of cold therapy ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... , ... May 04, 2016 , ... A new collaboration ... world. The Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI) and analytics leader SAS will provide researchers ... data collected by the Duke University Health System. , The DCRI and SAS ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... Slepkow Slepkow & ... one of the top website design companies to create a state of the ... to the law firm's main practice areas. These practice areas include: real estate, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/2/2016)... LAWRENCEVILLE, N.J. , May 2, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... drug development company, today announced data from the ... dose escalating clinical trial (the OVATION Study) combining ... of care for the treatment of newly-diagnosed patients ... chemotherapy followed by interval debulking surgery.  In the ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... 2016  In the next ten years, the ... systems dependent on CRTs monitors to those reliant on ... Medical monitors and will automatically sync to existing ... foreseeable benefits to this technological advancement, it also ... to be replaced in order to be LCD ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... , April 29, 2016 ... for Life Sciences, Product Development Capabilities in ... Science Customer Base . Indegene ... today announced the acquisition of Skura Corporation,s life ... leader in adaptive sales enablement technology for life ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: