Navigation Links
Tobacco companies keep people smoking despite UK cigarette tax increases
Date:4/15/2013

Raising tobacco prices is one of the most effective means of reducing tobacco use, particularly among price-sensitive smokers such as young people and people with low incomes. But when the UK government has been raising cigarette taxes to increase prices and deter smoking, tobacco companies have been absorbing the tax increases on their ultra-low-price (ULP) brands to keep their prices low. As a result, real ULP cigarette prices have remained virtually unchanged since 2006 and their market share has doubled, suggesting that as cigarette taxes rise, many smokers downtrade to cheaper cigarettes and carry on smoking.

Transnational tobacco companies categorise cigarette brands into four price segments: premium, mid-price, economy, and ultra-low-price (ULP). A research report published online today in the journal Addiction reveals that while the real weighted average price of premium, mid-price and economy brands has increased gradually between 2001 and 2009, the real price of ULP cigarettes has barely changed since 2006, greatly reducing the effectiveness of cigarette taxes to deter smoking.

Tobacco companies have achieved this by overshifting taxes on their higher priced brands (increasing cigarette prices on top of the tax increases) and undershifting taxes on their ULP brands (absorbing tax increases so they are not passed on to the consumer) to keep the prices of their cheapest brands low. The former enables tobacco companies to increase their profits while the latter helps keep smokers in the market.

Unsurprisingly, the market share held by price-static ULP cigarettes doubled between 2006 and 2009, while the market share of the other three categories has fallen. But the rising prices of the more expensive brands means that, even with a falling market share, revenue from premium and mid-price brands has increased steadily since 2001.

Says lead author Anna Gilmore, Professor of Public Health & Health Foundation Cl
'/>"/>

Contact: Jean O'Reilly
jean@addictionjournal.org
Wiley
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Anti-tobacco TV ads help adults stop smoking, study finds
2. Genetic variants, tobacco exposure and lung cancer risk
3. Apartment dwellers often subjected to neighbors tobacco smoke
4. Study says children exposed to tobacco smoke face long-term respiratory problems
5. 5 percent of workers gave up smoking when the anti-tobacco law took effect
6. States Use Only Fraction of Tobacco Revenues to Fight Smoking, Study Finds
7. After 25 years, World No Tobacco Day is making an impact
8. Tobacco use more prevalent among African-American adolescents living in public housing communities
9. Global Tobacco Use Remains High, Survey Finds
10. Regulatory science for public health: From functional food to modified-risk tobacco products
11. First identification of a strong oral carcinogen in smokeless tobacco
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/22/2014)... UWDress.com, a leading online supplier of wedding dresses and women’s ... empire bridesmaid dresses to its product line. In addition ... these high quality items. All of them are now available ... , The company’s new items can definitely add beauty ... website. It is true that all its products are more ...
(Date:8/22/2014)... CA (PRWEB) August 22, 2014 Japantown ... offering a new teeth whitening technique. Air polishing is ... cleaning appointments. , Dark teeth can be caused by ... categories: external stains and internal stains. External stains include ... can be caused by certain medications, such as tetracycline, ...
(Date:8/22/2014)... Amy Norton HealthDay Reporter ... growing number of Americans on work disability chronically use ... Researchers found that between 2007 and 2011, about 44 ... were prescribed narcotic painkillers each year. And the percentage ... 2007 to 23 percent in 2011. Experts ...
(Date:8/22/2014)... 2014 As the controversy surrounding ... in uterine surgeries continues to grow, Bernstein Liebhard ... decided to limit coverage of uterine morcellation. According ... Cross-Blue Shield of Massachusetts will no longer cover ... as of September 1, 2014. Other insurers in ...
(Date:8/22/2014)... Vegas, NV (PRWEB) August 22, 2014 ... that uses university-proven research to show people how they can ... lean muscle in only a matter of weeks has caught ... , “Ben Pakulski is one of the most well-known bodybuilders ... get the body he has today, that in itself is ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Discounted Empire Bridesmaid Dresses Online At UWDress.com 2Health News:Japantown Dental Introduces Air Polishing 2Health News:Many U.S. Workers on Disability Use Narcotic Painkillers, Study Finds 2Health News:Many U.S. Workers on Disability Use Narcotic Painkillers, Study Finds 3Health News:Many U.S. Workers on Disability Use Narcotic Painkillers, Study Finds 4Health News:As Power Morcellator Controversy Grows, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Comments on Massachusetts Insurers’ Plans to Limit Coverage of Uterine Morcellation 2Health News:As Power Morcellator Controversy Grows, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Comments on Massachusetts Insurers’ Plans to Limit Coverage of Uterine Morcellation 3Health News:As Power Morcellator Controversy Grows, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Comments on Massachusetts Insurers’ Plans to Limit Coverage of Uterine Morcellation 4Health News:Mi40x: Review Exposes Ben Pakulski’s Guide to Packing on Lean Muscle Fast 2
... to bring an end to the double–penalty system for health trusts ... a health trust falls into deficit, not only is it penalized ... money is cut off from its allocated funds from the ensuing ... health trusts find it virtually impossible to balance accounts and have ...
... Millions of Americans whose vision is slowly ebbing due to ... the lowly neural progenitor cell may be useful for restoring ... rats, neural progenitor cells derived from human fetal stem cells ... degenerative eye disease similar to the kinds of diseases that ...
... control high blood pressure and new drugs that target ... have designed two promising new cardiovascular treatment approaches, a ... to lower high blood pressure and a therapeutic hybrid ... ,In the process, they have overcome ...
... new study finds the popular anti-clotting drug clopidogrel (Plavix) when ... safe without any adverse bleeding event.// ,The ... 56th Annual Scientific Session on March 27 at 9 am ... aspirin, will not worsen bleeding after off-pump heart bypass surgery. ...
... multi-center study concludes that women with a recent diagnosis of ... opposite breast.// ,This study was conducted by ... ,The international research team found that MRI, or ... 30 of 969 women (3.1 percent) who had recently been ...
... considering vaccinating young girls against a virus that causes cervical ... Robert Koch-Institute in Germany has recommended the universal vaccination of ... ,The Italian Ministry of Health has announced that vaccination of ... as regional vaccination centers are prepared. ,Government ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Double-penalty System for Bankrupt Health Trusts Lifted 2Health News:Stem Cell Therapy Shows Promise for Rescuing Deteriorating Vision 2Health News:Stem Cell Therapy Shows Promise for Rescuing Deteriorating Vision 3Health News:Hormone-based Heart Pill to Control High Blood Pressure 2Health News:Hormone-based Heart Pill to Control High Blood Pressure 3Health News:Plavix Safe During and After Heart Bypass 2Health News:MRI Screening of Other Breast Crucial for Patients Diagnosed With Cancer in One Breast 2
(Date:8/21/2014)... Aug. 21, 2014 /CNW/ - Eisai Limited is pleased to ... the first-of-its-kind comic book available in Canada ... designed specifically to educate children and their parents about epilepsy, ... affecting more than 300,000 Canadians. Eisai is guided by ... , in which the patient is central – there was ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... 2014  Decision Resources Group finds that, for ... Brazil and Mexico ... prescribe long-acting beta-agonist (LABA)- and long-acting muscarinic antagonist ... current severe cost/coverage constraints. Therefore, new brands of ... launch in these countries—which will considerably expand the ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... , N.Y. and HAMBURG, Germany , ... announced it is collaborating with Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron ( DESY ... Germany , to speed up management and storage ... Big Data and Analytics architecture based on IBM ... per second of data at peak performance and help ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Eisai Pleased to Support Canadian Epilepsy Alliance Comic Book that Teaches Children About Epilepsy 2Novel Fixed-Dose Combinations for COPD in Brazil and Mexico Will Compete With Well-Established Therapies in an Environment Dominated by Aggressive Cost-Control Mechanisms 2Novel Fixed-Dose Combinations for COPD in Brazil and Mexico Will Compete With Well-Established Therapies in an Environment Dominated by Aggressive Cost-Control Mechanisms 3DESY and IBM Develop Big Data Architecture for Science 2DESY and IBM Develop Big Data Architecture for Science 3
... 15 Prometheus Laboratories Inc., a specialty pharmaceutical ... launch of three new cancer diagnostic products: ProOnc ... Dx. Each of these tests is based on ... has a long and successful history of providing ...
... Oct. 15 Aethlon Medical, Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: ... treatment of Hepatitis-C (HCV) infected patients with the Aethlon ... & Scientific Exposition of the American Society of Nephrology ... studies and Director of Nephrology at the Fortis Hospital ...
Cached Medicine Technology:Prometheus Launches ProOnc Dx Cancer Diagnostics 2Prometheus Launches ProOnc Dx Cancer Diagnostics 3Aethlon Medical Announces Presentation of Hepatitis-C (HCV) Clinical Data at 42nd Annual American Society of Nephrology (ASN) Conference 2Aethlon Medical Announces Presentation of Hepatitis-C (HCV) Clinical Data at 42nd Annual American Society of Nephrology (ASN) Conference 3
... Thermo Scientific Finnpipette Dispenser cover all volumes ... very high consistency, precision and reproducibility, due ... The Finnpipette Dispenser range is the latest ... manual liquid handling products, offering users reliability ...
... compact, mobile femtosecond surgical laser, has been ... for a wide spectrum of applications in ... demand of refractive surgeons for an "all-Laser ... efficient LASIK work-flow. The solution by Ziemer ...
... EHEC is the first one-step 20 minutes rapid ... and 2 produced by Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli in ... overnight enrichment of fecal specimens and detects all ... The separate result for Toxin 1 and 2 ...
Inquire...
Medicine Products: