Navigation Links
Threat From Infectious Diseases Growing
Date:10/29/2008

Report points to globalization, drug resistance and climate change as culprits

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- At least 170,000 Americans die each year from infectious diseases, and that number could increase dramatically during a major disease outbreak.

That dire news was delivered in a report, Germs Go Global: Why Emerging Infectious Diseases Are a Threat to America, released Wednesday by the Trust for America's Health (TFAH).

Globalization, increased drug resistance, and climate change are among the factors contributing to the growing threat from infectious diseases, according to the report, which listed some major disease threats currently facing the United States, including:

  • Emerging diseases such as a potential bird flu outbreak or another new disease such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. More than 90,000 Americans have been infected by MRSA.
  • Hepatitis C. About 3.2 million Americans have hepatitis C infections, which account for about $15 billion a year in health-care costs.
  • HIV/AIDS, which affects about 1.2 million Americans. Last year, U.S. spending on HIV/AIDS-related medical care, research, prevention and other activities was $23.3 billion.
  • Re-emerging diseases, such as measles, mumps and tuberculosis, which were thought to be nearly eliminated in the United States.

"Infectious diseases are not just a crisis for the developing world. They are a real threat right here, right now to America," Jeffrey Levi, executive director of TFAH, said in a news release issued by the organization.

"Infectious diseases can come without warning, crossing borders, often before people even know they are sick. Americans are more vulnerable than we think we are, and our public health defenses are not as strong as they should be," Levi said.

The United States' defenses against emerging infectious diseases are inadequate, with shortcomings in surveillance, vaccines, testing and treatment, the report said. These deficiencies could lead to serious consequences for the nation's health system, economy and national security.

"The optimal preparedness for emerging, re-emerging and deliberately introduced infectious diseases requires a professionally trained and adequately funded public health infrastructure," Dr. Kathleen F. Gensheimer, state epidemiologist, division of infectious disease with the Maine Department of Health and Human Services, said in the news release.

"Epidemics, pandemics and other public health emergencies require a solid public health laboratory diagnostic and epidemiological surveillance system to detect aberrance in disease trends, allowing rapid response and targeted preventive actions to be instituted in a timely fashion," she said.

The trust urged improvement of the nation's capabilities to fight emerging infectious diseases through a well-funded federal effort -- coordinated with international initiatives -- designed to encourage public-private advances in research, next-generation diagnostics, treatments and vaccines.

Among a series of recommendations, the report said the U.S. government should:

  • Partner with state and local governments to provide the necessary resources to build and sustain the nation's public health capacity to respond to naturally occurring diseases and bioterrorism.
  • Further its leadership role to improve the global capacity to respond, control and eliminate infectious disease threats.
  • Enhance and promote the implementation of a comprehensive system of surveillance for global infectious diseases.
  • Develop a comprehensive, multi-year, government-wide research agenda for emerging infectious disease prevention and control in collaboration with state and local public health organizations, industry and academic experts.
  • Recruit, retain and train public health professionals capable of identifying, verifying, preventing, controlling and treating emerging infectious diseases.

More information

The Infectious Diseases Society of America has more about infectious diseases.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: Trust for America's Health, news release, Oct. 29, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Toxic Mold May Pose Health Threat to Pets
2. Patient Advocate Foundation Launches Program to Help Uninsured Virginians with Chronic, Debilitating and Life-Threatening Illness Access Quality Healthcare
3. Hospital Workers: Management Threatens Patient Care
4. Patent Reform Legislation Threatens Americas Leadership in Medical Technology Innovation
5. Group B Strep: A Threat to Newborns That Doesnt Have to Be
6. Corals added to IUCN Red List of Threatened Species for first time
7. Cosby Star Tackles a Silent Heart Threat
8. Summer Temperatures Linger, Extend Threat of Parasites
9. Americans consider global warming an urgent threat, according to poll
10. How Candida albicans transforms from its normally benign form into life-threatening form
11. Report highlights inadequate pandemic planning as a threat to EU security
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Threat From Infectious Diseases Growing
(Date:2/14/2016)... ... February 14, 2016 , ... Many eating ... professionals near their residence. The nature of the illnesses requires ongoing supervision, therapy ... time allotted at work to make traditional appointments. These people struggle to maintain ...
(Date:2/13/2016)... ... February 13, 2016 , ... Good news for retinal patients ... area to offer AngioPlex™ Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Angiography, imaging technology used to ... diabetic retinopathy, and other vascular conditions. , In just a few seconds, OCT ...
(Date:2/13/2016)... Angeles, California (PRWEB) , ... February 13, 2016 , ... ... help landing a date for the big day. A great outfit, flawless hair, and ... ashtray, they might as well resign themselves to a night at home with Rover. ...
(Date:2/13/2016)... ... ... individuals looking to lead a healthy lifestyle have decreased carbohydrate consumption and increased their ... delved into this niche allowing those giving up their beloved pasta a chance to ... of protein and only 7 grams of carbohydrates per 50 gram serving--a ratio that ...
(Date:2/13/2016)... FL (PRWEB) , ... February 13, 2016 , ... The ... environmental impact of American businesses. , The increasingly modern world of instantaneous consumption ... often on non-renewable energy sources such as oil and coal, which pollutes our air, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... 2016  Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Nasdaq: ARLZ ) ... will ring the Nasdaq Closing Bell at the Nasdaq ... at 4:00 p.m. ET on Tuesday, February 16, ... Adrian Adams , will perform the honorary bell ... p.m. ET.  A live webcast will be available at: ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Maharashtra, February 12, 2016 ... research report titled Chronic Inflammation Global Clinical Trials ... snapshot of the global clinical trials landscape along ... trials by Region, Country (G7 & E7), Trial ... status and reviews top companies involved and enlists ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Laboratory glassware and plasticware include ... may range from microscope slides to large storage boxes ... borosilicate glass because of its low weight and resistance ... started gaining popularity over the past decade when it ... with plastic in several applications due to its resistance ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: