Navigation Links
This is your brain on freestyle rap
Date:11/15/2012

Researchers in the voice, speech, and language branch of the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have used functional magnetic resonance imaging to study the brain activity of rappers when they are "freestyling" spontaneously improvising lyrics in real time. The findings, published online in the November 15 issue of the journal Scientific Reports, reveal that this form of vocal improvisation is associated with a unique functional reallocation of brain activity in the prefrontal cortex and proposes a novel neural network that appears to be intimately involved in improvisatory and creative endeavors.

The researchers, led by Siyuan Liu, Ph.D., scanned the brains of 12 freestyle rap artists (who had at least 5 years of rapping experience) while they performed two tasks using an identical 8-bar musical track. For the first task, they improvised rhyming lyrics and rhythmic patterns guided only by the beat. In the second task, they performed a well-rehearsed set of lyrics.

During freestyle rapping, the researchers observed increases in brain activity in the medial prefrontal cortex, a brain region responsible for motivation of thought and action, but decreased activity in dorsolateral prefrontal regions that normally play a supervisory or monitoring role. Like an experienced parent who knows when to lay down the law and when to look the other way, these shifts in brain function may facilitate the free expression of thoughts and words without the usual neural constraints.

Freestyling also increased brain activity in the perisylvian system (involved in language production), the amygdala (an area of the brain linked to emotion), and cingulate motor areas, suggesting that improvisation engages a brain network that links motivation, language, mood, and action. Further studies of this network in other art forms that involve the innovative use of language, such as poetry and storytelling, could offer more insights into the initial, improvisatory phase of the creative process.


'/>"/>

Contact: Robin Latham
lathamr@nidcd.nih.gov
301-496-7243
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Scientists Track Activity in Rappers Brains
2. Traumatic brain injury patients, supercomputer simulations studied to improve helmets
3. Migraine-associated brain changes not related to impaired cognition
4. Can Playing Soccer Lead to Brain Damage?
5. Migraine Sufferers Show More Brain Changes Than Others: Study
6. For brain tumors, origins matter
7. Should hyperbaric oxygen therapy be used to treat combat-related mild traumatic brain injury?
8. Meditation appears to produce enduring changes in emotional processing in the brain
9. Early Exposure to Stress at Home Affects Girls Brains, Study Says
10. New form of brain plasticity: Study shows how social isolation disrupts myelin production
11. Brain injury and stress disorder strong indicators of vision problems for veterans
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... ... Coalition Duchenne, a Newport Beach, California based charity committed ... in the April 25 U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory committee hearing on ... the Marriott Conference Center in Hyattsville, Maryland was attended by over than a ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... The Society for Assisted Reproductive ... are required to report in vitro fertilization (IVF) delivery rates to ... practice of assisted reproductive technologies in the United States. , This year, ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... 2016 , ... The number of chronically and seriously ill individuals is growing. ... an urgent need for highly skilled care managers and care coordinators. Care ... train and retain care managers, and enhance their skills. , Care Excellence ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Monthly subscription boxes are all the ... They recently reviewed the ZEN BOX , the aromatherapy subscription box. , ZEN ... oils (like lavender or frankincense) and one Zen Blend (like immune boost, sublime sleep ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Sanford Health’s work in cellular therapy and ... and leaders from Sanford Health were selected to participate in the “ Third ... and receive the 2016 Pontifical Key Innovation Award at the Vatican. , The ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... JERUSALEM , April 28, 2016 ... ), a clinical-stage pharmaceutical company focused on the development of ... participate in the upcoming PIONEERS 2016 conference, presented by ... 5, 2016 in New York . ... overview at the conference. Presentation Details:   ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... , April 28, 2016  ValGenesis, Inc., ... Management Solutions (VLMS) today announced that a ... for sufferers of chronic kidney failure has ... manage their corporate validation process. The global ... software solution to manage their validation processes ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... , April 28, 2016 ... Review, H1 2016" is a report that provides ... helps strengthen R&D pipelines by identifying new targets ... Company Profiles discussed in this H1 ... Farmaceutiche Riunite Srl, AbbVie Inc., Abiogen Pharma S.p.A., ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: