Navigation Links
Thermostatic mixer valves could significantly reduce the risk of scalding in children, study finds
Date:1/5/2011

Using a thermostatic mixer valve to control the maximum temperature of children's bath water can significantly reduce the temperature of hot bath water and should reduce the risk of scalding, according to researchers at The University of Nottingham.

The study, carried out in partnership with Glasgow Housing Association, found that families with a thermostatic mixing valve (TMV) fitted to the hot and cold water pipes in their bathroom had bath water temperatures that were up to 11˚C cooler than those without and their baths were within the recommended temperature of 46˚C.

The researchers are now calling for social and private landlords to commit to providing TMVs as standard in their properties, plumbers to fit them as good practice to all replacement baths and a change in the law to make them a requirement in home refurbishments as well as new builds.

They believe that other vulnerable people such as the elderly or those with disabilities could also benefit from TMVs to reduce their risk of hot water burns.

Professor Denise Kendrick, of The University of Nottingham's Division of Primary Care, led the study.

She said: "Figures show that every year emergency departments in the UK see around 2,000 cases of bath water scalds, most of which occur in children, and these result in about 500 children being admitted to hospital. Admissions mostly occur in children aged under five years old and often involve prolonged inpatient stays, transfer to a specialist hospital or burns unit. In addition, there can be longer-term effects, including disability, disfigurement or psychological damage.

"Scalds also place a significant financial burden on the NHS and society. In 2009, the total cost of scald injuries and deaths from hot tap water was estimated to be 61 million.

"Children from disadvantaged areas and younger children are at greatest risk of scalding. Burns most commonly happen when a child falls or climbs into the bath unsupervised or turns on a hot tap or a parent puts a child into water which is too hot.

"Home water heater thermostats are frequently set at 60˚C or above, which can cause a full thickness burn in an adult in 5 seconds and more quickly in children."

Thermostatic mixing valves (TMVs) not to be confused with less precise mixer taps are fitted across bath hot and cold water pipes and set the hot tap at a fixed temperature without affecting the temperature of stored hot water or interfering with heating systems. Building regulations were recently updated to require TMVs be fitted into new build properties, extensions and conversions.

However, the Nottingham study is the first of its kind to test TMVs effectiveness and suitability in the home and on a population at a higher risk of scalding.

The study recruited more than 120 families with children aged under five living in Glasgow Housing Association (GHA) one of the UK's biggest social housing providers. The participants were split into two groups, one of which received an educational leaflet on bath safety, including the true story of a two-year-old who was scalded by hot bath water, and a TMV set at a maximum temperature of 45˚C fitted by a qualified plumber from City Building LLP (Glasgow).

Before the start of the study, both groups had their bath hot tap water temperature measured, and these were measured again three and 12 months after TMVs were fitted. Families were also asked to provide feedback on their satisfaction with their bath water temperature and, in those with a TMV fitted, their views on the valve, fitting process and whether they would recommend it to a friend. The study found that in the homes of families in disadvantaged communities, TMVs and accompanying educational leaflets were effective in reducing bath water temperature to the current recommended 'safe' level for at least 12 months after installation.

Professor Kendrick said: "Most families were satisfied with the temperature and speed of flow of their hot water after fitting, and with the fitting process. Those with a TMV were significantly less likely to check the bath temperature of every bath, but we did not find a negative effect on other safety practices.

"In the event of being unable to detect a reduction in the incidence of bath tap water scalds a very much larger study would be required to do this measuring the temperature of the water is a good substitute."

Cost is often cited as an argument against fitting TMVs and the researchers are now conducting a full economic evaluation of the study to establish whether this has any basis in fact.


'/>"/>

Contact: Emma Thorne
emma.thorne@nottingham.ac.uk
44-115-951-5793
University of Nottingham
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Premature Death Could Await Obese Kids
2. Six Other E. colis Could Be Lurking In Your Valentine Days Dinner
3. Tiny fruit fly could offer big clues in fight against obesity, researcher says
4. New Book Reveals How Qigong Could Be The Eastern Answer To Botox
5. Chocolate lovers could be lowering their risk of stroke: Study
6. Charging less for more effective treatments could reduce health care costs while improving health
7. Clinical trial underway: Miniature ultrasound device could revolutionize pain relief
8. UAB-led study shows simple steps could reduce stillbirths by up to 1 million
9. Most maternal deaths in sub-Saharan Africa could be avoided
10. Dolphins could be ideal model to study human cervical cancer, UF veterinarians say
11. New Technology Could Widen Reach of Vaccines
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... their proposed healthcare bill to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA). ... would make significant cuts to Medicaid, a public health insurance program for low-income ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... ... Military Connection friend and veteran advocate Micaela Bensko and her ... , Bensko is no stranger to the plight of the disabled. Before an ... supporting our wounded veterans. A world-class photographer, her riveting photos “The Wounds of War, ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Ensuring meat products have reached the proper ... of correctly using a meat thermometer. The videos feature University of California Davis ... food safety habits. Dr. Bruhn explains the variety of meat thermometers available on ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... PureLife Dental is pleased to announce that California Dental Association ... part of the amalgam separator endorsement, all CDA members may purchase an ECO II ... retail value. This partnership between PureLife and CDA is especially timely as it coincides ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... PA (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... insurance management, financial planning, and related services to families and business owners in ... a charity drive to benefit senior citizens in the area. , Meals on ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/2/2017)... -- NxStage Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq:  NXTM), a leading medical technology company focused ... positive biochemical outcomes related to more frequent hemodialysis with ... be presented at the ERA-EDTA Congress being held June ... The research was conducted by the ... Europe (KIHDNEy) Cohort team with ...
(Date:5/30/2017)... May 30, 2017 Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: HRC), ... Global Healthcare Conference on Tuesday, June 13, 2017, in ... , Hill-Rom,s president and chief executive officer, is scheduled to ... audio webcast can be accessed at http://ir.hill-rom.com/events.cfm . A ... the live event through September 13, 2017. ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... International plc (NASDAQ: ENDP ) announced today that ... Company in a fireside chat at Goldman Sachs, 38 th ... at 10:40 a.m. PT / 1:40 p.m. ET. The conference ... Palos Verdes, CA. A live webcast ... the Company,s website at http://www.endo.com/investors/overview . Participants should allow ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: