Navigation Links
The 'twilight zone' of traffic costs lives at stoplight intersections

CORVALLIS, Ore. Hundreds of lives are being lost each year in the United States because of mistakes made in what engineers call the "dilemma zone" that area before a stoplight intersection where the traffic light turns yellow and the driver isn't sure whether to stop or go ahead.

New research at Oregon State University will help to more precisely identify that danger zone. Traffic engineers can then use than information, along with advanced technology that can monitor the speed and location of oncoming traffic, to improve yellow-light timing and help address this problem.

When more widely implemented, this approach should help reduce driver confusion, add certainty to how intersections should be managed, and save lives.

"There are more than 30,000 traffic fatalities each year in the U.S., and about 2,000 of them occur in stoplight intersections," said David Hurwitz, an OSU assistant professor of transportation engineering. "We think those crashes can be reduced with a better understanding of exactly where the dilemma zone is and how traffic lights and other technology can be adjusted to help manage it."

Factors that lead to the problems in the dilemma zone include driving speed, distance to the stop light, driver skills, laws that vary by state, occasional scofflaws who are trying to "beat the red light," and simple confusion by drivers who want to do the right thing but aren't sure what it is.

There are many variables involved, Hurwitz said, such as vehicle speed and position. To help address that, researchers in one recent study used a tool called "fuzzy logic." This provides a way to produce more exact decisions with inexact data, which in this case can include everything from drivers with very different skill sets and reaction times to automobile speeds and road variability.

Based on their speed and proximity to an intersection, when the traffic light turns yellow a driver has to make a decision whether to stop or proceed. A driver who is some distance away usually stops; and a driver who is extremely close to the intersection usually will go ahead. Those decisions are fairly easy. But the "dilemma zone" is the area where the choice isn't so obvious, and the wrong decision can have serious, sometimes fatal consequences.

Complicating that, Hurwitz said, is that laws vary widely by state. In Oregon, for instance, the law requires that a car stop on a yellow light if it is safe to do so. In some other states, it's legal to proceed on a yellow light, and even be in the intersection during a red light, if the front axle of the vehicle crosses the stop line before the light turns red.

Different laws can contribute to different driver behaviors, and national standards do not now exist.

Stop too suddenly, and you're apt to have a rear-end collision with the vehicle behind you. Proceed or turn left when you shouldn't, and even more serious crashes can occur, including head-on and side impacts. And based on the speed limit, the length of a yellow light at an intersection can vary greatly.

"In traffic engineering, consistency and uniformity is a critical concern," Hurwitz said. "We want conscientious drivers to know what is the right thing to do. Given so many variables and differences in state law, that can be difficult."

The findings have been published in two recent studies, in research that was supported by the Vermont Agency of Transportation and the Lilo and Richard Smith Transportation Fellowship.

"We want to help drivers know whether to stop or proceed, and do it in a manner that is safe," Hurwitz said. "This approach should help accomplish that, prevent accidents and save lives."

Contact: David Hurwitz
Oregon State University

Related medicine news :

1. Clarity Group, Inc. Announces Launch of Portal 2.0, the Next Generation of the Healthcare SafetyZone Portal
2. Optelec Gets Creative: CSUN San Diego and VisionZone Premier with Special Movie Debut
3. Zone Diet Devotees Set Sail with Dr. Barry Sears on Zone Cruise to Better Health
4. KCAA Radio Features Dr. Barry Sears, Creator of Zone Diet, on U.S. Obesity Crisis
5. Surfline Launches "Shark Month" Presented by Casio G'zOne
6. Clear Channel's “Penn Project” Features Dr. Barry Sears, Zone Diet Creator, About Obesity in America
7. Can multiple sclerosis attacks be minimized in a war zone?
8. Zone Diet Creator Dr. Sears Discusses Obesity Causes and Solutions on Mel Robbins Radio Show
9. Zone Labs' CEO Etholm Discusses Entrepreneurial Opportunity in America, on WMST Radio
10. Berkeley study shows ozone and nicotine a bad combination for asthma
11. Nonmilitary More Likely to Return to War Zone After Psych Condition
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/24/2015)... N.J. (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... will gather to share their knowledge and experiences at a live taping of ... the Ruesch Center for the Cure of Gastrointestinal Cancers 2015 Symposium at Georgetown ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... , ... November 24, 2015 , ... American Family Care ... the opening of a holiday pop-up clinic located in Metro Atlanta’s North Point Mall. ... a new and different way. The location is scheduled to operate through Dec. 24. ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... 24, 2015 , ... With Thanksgiving right around the corner, holiday travel season ... protect your family and vehicle. , According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, ... is sharing the following safety tips from the NHTSA: , ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... ... LLC launched their Pro Vest, the latest version of their widely popular weight loss vests, ... hours. , The campaign, which will continue to run through Saturday, December ... The PRO Vest provides consumers with a less expensive, one-size fits all comfort option, powered ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... Chiropractic student Katie ... (CU-KC), in Overland Park, Kansas. Benson, a fifth-trimester student in the university’s ... Cleveland III on October 16. , “Katie is very excited and greatly appreciative ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... --> --> According to ... Type (Bone Graft, Bine Graft Substitute, Platelet Rich Plasma, BMAC), ... Fusion), End User, and Geography - Global Forecast to 2020", ... Billion in 2014 and is expected to reach $2.4 Billion ... period of 2015 to 2020. Browse 55 market ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... India , November 24, 2015 ... . --> adds Latest Guidebook ... report of 217 pages published in November 2015 ... its online business intelligence library at ... one of the fastest growing global economies with ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... , Nov. 24, 2015 Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. ... Vice President of Clinical Services, Education and Human Resources will ... webinar, "Oral Oncology Drugs: Health Plan Strategies for a Dynamic ... Beckie Fenrick , a consultant with the Cambridge Advisory ... The webinar will discuss the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: