Navigation Links
The impact of compulsory cycle helmet legislation on cyclist head injuries
Date:6/22/2011

Bicycle-related head injuries fell significantly in the months after mandatory helmet legislation came into effect in NSW, and recent calls for a repeal of the laws should be rejected, new research based on hospital admissions data shows.

The injuries fell by up to 29% after the laws were introduced in 1991, according to the study by researchers at the University of New South Wales (UNSW) and the Sax Institute, published in the high impact journal Accident Analysis and Prevention.

"We set out to perform the most comprehensive analysis possible on the subject while addressing any data limitations and possible confounding factors," said study author Dr Jake Olivier.

"What we found provides compelling evidence that the legislation has served its purpose in reducing bike-related head injuries and any repeal of the laws would only put lives at risk," he said.

UNSW's Chair of Road Safety and study co-author Professor Raphael Grzebieta said the study backs up overwhelming evidence from biomechanical experiments and in-depth accident case analyses that helmets prevent head injury. "It shows what we've suspected for a long time that you would be unwise to 'hit the road' without a helmet," he said.

Australia was the first country to introduce mandatory helmet legislation in 1991, but 20 years later public debate about the legislation's effectiveness in preventing head injuries continues.

Last year, a Sydney University study found the laws had failed and should be repealed because compulsory helmet wearing could be a disincentive to cycling. The academic paper was later retracted due to serious data and arithmetic errors.

In the new UNSW study, researchers from the Injury Risk Management Research Centre and the Sax Institute examined trends in NSW hospital admissions for cyclists and pedestrians, comparing the rate of head injury relative to arm injury, and separately for head injury relative to leg injury, in the months before and after the legislation was introduced.

They found the decrease in head injury rates was significantly greater for cyclists compared to pedestrians, and cyclist head injuries decreased more than limb injuries, pointing to the positive effect of mandatory helmet wearing at the population level.

"We endeavoured to identify the effect of the legislation on head injury rates as distinct from other road safety interventions and we've shown that the improvements could only have come from the helmet legislation," Dr Olivier said.

However, while the findings support the maintenance of mandatory helmet laws, the paper's authors caution against seeing helmets as a panacea for bike safety.

"Cyclist safety is a complex issue driven by a range of factors. Cycling in Australia has changed with a considerable increase in recreational road cycling and mountain biking in recent years. Additional research into the diverse and changing risk profiles among these cycling subgroups could facilitate further safety improvements," Dr Olivier said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jake Olivier
j.olivier@unsw.edu.au
61-293-851-427
University of New South Wales
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study finds that wives sleep problems have negative impact on marital interactions
2. Landmark study analyzes scientific productivity and impact of the top 100 PD investigators
3. Researcher tests drugs impact on neurological disease affecting women
4. Study examines impact of Massachusetts health law on emergency department visits
5. Used Football Faceshields May Break on Impact
6. Used football faceshields are susceptible to breaking on impact
7. Beware of Second-Impact Syndrome After Concussions
8. Treating Back Pain May Reverse Its Impact on Brain
9. Nitric oxide impacts source of sickle cell pain crisis
10. Discovery of relationship between proteins may impact development of cancer therapies
11. How do life-threatening medical conditions in children impact quality of life?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... December 09, 2016 , ... The Holy Name Medical Center ... NY, on December 3rd, to benefit Holy Name Medical Center's programs and services. ... raised over $1 million - the largest event in the Center's history, both ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... December 09, 2016 , ... "I had a terrible time trying ... Va. "I thought that if the nebulizer had a more child-friendly design, then children ... , He developed the patent-pending NEBY to avoid the need to deliver medication via ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... will become Quality Insights beginning January 1, 2017. The name change aligns ... commitment to measuring and improving health care quality. , “We are very proud ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... Research Institute (WCRI) officially opened registration today for its 33rd Annual Issues ... Boston, MA . , The theme of the conference is “Persistent Challenges and ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... ZyDoc ... Language Processing–Enabled and Conventional Data Capture Methods for Input to Electronic Health Records: ... , Results of the comparative usability study demonstrate that a dictation-based method (“NLP ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... IRIDEX Corporation (NASDAQ: IRIX ) today ... common stock, $0.01 par value (the "Offering" with such shares ... final terms of the Offering will depend on market and ... be no assurance as to whether or when the Offering ... net proceeds it will receive from this offering for working ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Dec. 8, 2016 KEY FINDINGS ... Patient warming ... of blood during surgeries, lowering the risks of neurological disorders ... of SSIs. The patient warming systems can be segmented into ... benefits in turn reduce the stay at hospitals thus, lowering ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016 KEY FINDINGS ... poised to grow in 2017-2023. Various reasons for growth ... obese population, higher incidences of chronic diseases, high recovery ... mobility aid services. Medical lifting sling refers to ... with limited mobility. These slings connect to the lift ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: