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The association between sleep disturbances and reduced quality of life varies by race
Date:4/14/2010

WESTCHESTER, IL - A study in the April 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine shows that having a sleep disturbance is associated with clinically meaningful reductions in health-related quality of life, and the magnitude of this effect varies by race and sleep disorder.

Results indicate that physical health-related quality of life in African-Americans who snored frequently, had insomnia symptoms or reported excessive daytime sleepiness was significantly worse than in Caucasians. African-Americans with insomnia also had significantly more physical limitations than Hispanics. However, when mental health-related quality of life was evaluated, it was Hispanics with frequent snoring, insomnia symptoms or excessive daytime sleepiness who had significantly greater mental distress than Caucasians. African-Americans with insomnia also had significantly worse mental health than Caucasians.

"The study highlights the increased disparities among African- and Latino-Americans compared with Caucasians even in the sleep and health-related quality of life domain," said lead author Carol M. Baldwin, PhD, RN, FAAN, Southwest Borderlands Scholar and director of the Center for World Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in the College of Nursing and Health Innovation at Arizona State University in Phoenix, Ariz.

The study involved a secondary analysis of data from the Sleep Heart Health Study, a multi-center study that recruited participants from seven regions of the U.S. Eighty-six percent of the 5,237 people in the current study were Caucasian, nine percent were African-American and five percent were Hispanic. The Hispanic participants were predominantly of Mexican heritage residing in Arizona, with a smaller number of Puerto-Rican participants from the New York cohort. All participants were 40 years of age or older, and their mean age was 63.5 years.

The presence of obstructive sleep apnea was detected by overnight, in
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Contact: Kathleen McCann
kmccann@aasmnet.org
708-492-0930
American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

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