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The Cleft Palate–craniofacial Journal Marks 50 Years of Research With an Ethical Review
Date:1/14/2014

Lawrence, KS (PRWEB) January 15, 2014

The Cleft Palate–Craniofacial Journal – The year 2014 marks 50 years of publication for The Cleft Palate–Craniofacial Journal. To commemorate this achievement, the journal will host a series of commentaries in the coming year. Each issue will discuss a topic raised in articles from the journal’s first issue in 1964.

A recent addition to the journal is an ethics and health policy section. In the January 2014 issue, the journal will examine past, present, and future directions of research in the editorial article “Ethics and Health Policy—Then and Now.” This commentary takes the reader back to the research ethics of 1964.

While this journal was being launched, the now infamous Tuskegee study of syphilis was still in progress. In that project, U.S. Public Health Service clinicians knowingly denied diagnosis and treatment of syphilis to African-American men to study the progression of the untreated disease. Because of this study, ethical conduct standards were implemented and the National Research Act passed in 1974. Institutional review boards and informed consent of participants are now standards of research.

The Cleft Palate–Craniofacial Journal has formalized its own standards over the years. In 1975, a policy of confidential peer review was adopted. And as part of a policy of respect for the person, in 1985, use of “person-first” language—for example, “a child with a cleft palate” rather than “a cleft-palate child”—was established.

New challenges face research today. This commentary designates authorship and protection of research subjects’ privacy as two ma
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