Navigation Links
That impulsive, moody preschooler may grow up to be a problem gambler

Give me the child at 3 and I will give you the adult compulsive gambler. That is the striking finding of a new study in Psychological Science, a journal published by the Association for Psychological Science.

Based on tests of over 900 individuals beginning in toddlerhood, the study found that "people who were rated at age three as being more restless, inattentive, oppositional, and moody than other three-year old children were twice as likely to grow up to have problems with gambling as adults three decades later," says psychologist Wendy S. Slutske of University of Missouri, who conducted the study with Terrie E. Moffitt and Avshalom Caspi, both of Duke University and University College/London; and Richie Poulton of University of Otago, in Dunedin, New Zealand.

As the first study to establish a causal link between a so-called "under-controlled" temperament in early childhood and later compulsive gambling, said Slutske, it answers a crucial question: "How early can we tell a person is at increased risk?"

The study looked at individuals from the Dunedin (New Zealand) Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study, a longitudinal study of one birth cohort. Based on behaviors observed during a 90-minute assessment, 1,037 three-year-olds were categorized as having one of five temperaments: under-controlled, inhibited, confident, reserved, or well adjusted. Those children who were categorized as having an under-controlled temperament were more restless, impulsive, and negative and were less able to regulate their emotions.

At ages 21 and 36, 939 of the study participants answered questions about gambling behavior. At 21, 86 percent of the respondents had gambled, but only 13 percent in a "disordered" waydefined by such problems as a preoccupation with gambling; a need to wager more and more to get the same enjoyment; getting into financial, personal, or work-related difficulties because of gambling; and difficulty in cutting down or quitting. By 32, only about 4 percent of the participants still gambled at that level.

Among the compulsive gamblers, men were more numerous than women, as were those with low childhood intelligence and socioeconomic status. But under-controlled temperament in toddlerhood remained a significant predictor of disordered gambling in adulthood, even after gender, intelligence, and socioeconomic status were taken into account.

It is important to keep in mind that the number of people who actually end up becoming compulsive gamblers is relatively small. But the findings, said Slutske, are still important given "the ever-increasing number of [gambling] temptations our world presents," such as the opportunities to place bets at home on the Internet at any time of day or night. Some vulnerable individuals may not be well-equipped to handle such temptations.

And the implications of the study may even go beyond gambling. "It fits into a larger story about how self-control in early childhood is related to important life outcomes in adulthood," said Slutske. New programs for boosting self-controleven Sesame Street's segments on the importance of saving money and waiting until later for goodiesmight not only head off a painful future of compulsive gambling but also increase children's chances of academic success, financial security, and personal happiness when they grow up.


Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Related medicine news :

1. Midroog Ltd., an Affiliate of Moodys Investors Services, Rates Potential new Debt of Elbit Imaging
2. Even Preschoolers View the Overweight Negatively
3. Intermittent Steroid Use Called OK for Wheezing Preschoolers
4. New funding will help researchers learn how preschoolers move, battle early child obesity
5. Preschoolers language skills improve more when theyre placed with more-skilled peers
6. New ADHD Guidelines Include Preschoolers, Older Teens
7. Policies that promote healthy eating, activity and sleep are needed to curb obesity in infants, toddlers and preschoolers
8. Brain imaging study of preschoolers with ADHD detects brain differences linked to symptoms
9. $1 million USDA grant aims to reduce obesity in preschoolers
10. Model for managing asthma in preschoolers leads to dramatic drop in ER visits and hospitalizations
11. U.S. Preschoolers Getting Too Much Screen Time: Study
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... PYA’s latest ... Integration ,” addresses a main “pain point” for merging or aligning healthcare provider ... a deal is signed. This quick-read guidance suggests that failing to recognize ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Nurotron Biotechnology Co., Ltd., ... largest order to date. , The order will be from the China Disabled ... Cochlear Implant System is an effective solution for children and adults suffering from ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... companies, announced today that it has officially launched a sleek, mobile-ready and user-centric ... that his company’s new website clearly outlines the benefits that its SEO services ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... Christina Colon as a 2015-2016 inductee into its VIP Woman of the ... NAPW is the nation’s leading networking organization exclusively for professional women, boasting 850,000 ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... MN (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... is the latest carrier to offer individual vision insurance plans on ... the unique ability to rate and review products, allowing consumers to compare, quote ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... 1, 2015  InCarda Therapeutics, Inc. (InCarda), a privately-held ... therapies for cardiovascular conditions via the inhalation route, today ... Australia . InCarda is planning to ... Australia in the first half of 2016. ... centers in Adelaide and Melbourne.  ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ) has ... Systems/Personal Emergency Response System (PERS) Market by Type, ... report to their offering. --> ... "Medical Alert Systems/Personal Emergency Response System (PERS) ... - Global Forecas" report to their offering. ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... Texas , Dec. 1, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ...  announced today that top-line data from its ... telotristat etiprate in treating carcinoid syndrome in ... with the clinical benefit observed in its ... designed as a companion to TELESTAR primarily ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: