Navigation Links
That anxiety may be in your gut, not in your head
Date:5/17/2011

Hamilton, ON (May 17, 2011) - For the first time, researchers at McMaster University have conclusive evidence that bacteria residing in the gut influence brain chemistry and behaviour.

The findings are important because several common types of gastrointestinal disease, including irritable bowel syndrome, are frequently associated with anxiety or depression. In addition there has been speculation that some psychiatric disorders, such as late onset autism, may be associated with an abnormal bacterial content in the gut.

"The exciting results provide stimulus for further investigating a microbial component to the causation of behavioural illnesses," said Stephen Collins, professor of medicine and associate dean research, Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine. Collins and Premysl Bercik, assistant professor of medicine, undertook the research in the Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute.

The research appears in the online edition of the journal Gastroenterology.

For each person, the gut is home to about 1,000 trillium bacteria with which we live in harmony. These bacteria perform a number of functions vital to health: They harvest energy from the diet, protect against infections and provide nutrition to cells in the gut. Any disruption can result in life-threatening conditions, such as antibiotic-induced colitis from infection with the "superbug" Clostridium difficile.

Working with healthy adult mice, the researchers showed that disrupting the normal bacterial content of the gut with antibiotics produced changes in behaviour; the mice became less cautious or anxious. This change was accompanied by an increase in brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which has been linked, to depression and anxiety.

When oral antibiotics were discontinued, bacteria in the gut returned to normal. "This was accompanied by restoration of normal behaviour and brain chemistry," Collins said.

To confirm that bacteria can influence behaviour, the researchers colonized germ-free mice with bacteria taken from mice with a different behavioural pattern. They found that when germ-free mice with a genetic background associated with passive behaviour were colonized with bacteria from mice with higher exploratory behaviour, they became more active and daring. Similarly, normally active mice became more passive after receiving bacteria from mice whose genetic background is associated with passive behaviour.

While previous research has focused on the role bacteria play in brain development early in life, Collins said this latest research indicates that while many factors determine behaviour, the nature and stability of bacteria in the gut appear to influence behaviour and any disruption , from antibiotics or infection, might produce changes in behaviour. Bercik said that these results lay the foundation for investigating the therapeutic potential of probiotic bacteria and their products in the treatment of behavioural disorders, particularly those associated with gastrointestinal conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome.


'/>"/>

Contact: Veronica McGuire
vmcguir@mcmaster.ca
90-552-591-402-2169
McMaster University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Therapy Dogs May Help Ease Anxiety of MRI
2. New tool to assess asthma-related anxiety
3. Animal-assisted therapy decreases patient anxiety in pre-MRI setting, study suggests
4. Anxietys on the Menu for People With Food Allergies
5. UCI anesthesiologist to lead study on alleviating surgical anxiety, pain in children
6. Mexican Immigrants to U.S. Prone to Depression, Anxiety Disorders
7. Poverty Linked to Anxiety, Mood Disorders
8. Pilot study examines stress, anxiety and needs of young women with a unique breast cancer
9. Researchers selectively control anxiety pathways in the brain
10. Chinks in the brain circuitry make some more vulnerable to anxiety
11. Video Game Addiction Tied to Depression, Anxiety in Kids
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/24/2017)... ... June 24, 2017 , ... The Pennsylvania Athletic Trainers’ ... Bayfront and Erie Convention Center on June 8-10. The weekend consisted of ... bowl, award and scholarship presentations, and professional networking. , On Friday June ...
(Date:6/24/2017)... TX (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2017 , ... The ... to spend time outdoors. Home and business owners should be aware that the summer ... the lake. In fact, mechanical locks and keys can be negatively affected from direct ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... Network today announced the launch of Care Management Alerts and Dashboards, an innovative ... patients throughout Rhode Island. , RIQI’s Care Management Alerts and Dashboards provide near ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... By scoring 100% for ... consecutive four-star rating from premier online charity evaluator, Charity Navigator, validating ANRF's work as ... of all charities reviewed by Charity Navigator and earns ANRF a spot on their ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... , ... Studies show evidence that carotenoids and antioxidants derived either from the ... patients. , But how often do ophthalmologists and optometrists in Sweden recommend the use ... or with early symptoms of AMD? A study published recently in Dove ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/14/2017)... 2017  In 2016, Embodied Labs took ... competition and came away with $25,000 in seed-fund investment. ... Forbes as "entering the life of another" and by ... "empathy to medical professionals in an entirely new dimension." ... a finalist for the Department of Education,s EdSimChallenge, where ...
(Date:6/9/2017)... 9, 2017 AirXpanders, Inc. (ASX: AXP) (AirXpanders ... design, manufacture, sale and distribution of the AeroForm® Tissue ... of its commercial roll-out in the United ... than one hundred (100) medical institutions and health systems, ... a needle-free alternative for women who choose reconstructive surgery ...
(Date:6/7/2017)... , June 7, 2017 Endo International ... June 7, 2017, the Hon. Joseph R. Goodwin ... of West Virginia , entered a ... Inc. Pelvic Repair System Products Liability Litigation (the "MDL") ... MDL cases to provide expert disclosures on specific causation ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: