Navigation Links
Texas A&M researcher explains how embryo fights retroviral infection
Date:6/24/2010

COLLEGE STATION, June 24, 2010 Some viruses insert themselves into the host's DNA during infection in a process called retroviral integration, causing several diseases, including AIDS and cancer, notes a Texas A&M researcher who specializes in fetal diseases. However, stem cells that give rise to the early embryo and yolk sac fight back, inhibiting further infection by aggressively silencing the invading viral DNA, says Michael Golding of the Department of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology.

The work of the researcher was recently published in Cell Stem Cell.

Early mammalian embryos actually possess three stem cell lineages: ES (embryonic stem), TS (trophectoderm stem), and XEN (extraembryonic endoderm), which give rise to the fetus, placenta and yolk sac respectively, the Texas A&M researcher explains. Using the mouse as a model organism, Golding and his colleagues demonstrate that the mechanisms silencing gene expression are different between each of the three stem cell types.

"Much like a closed book cannot be read while an open book can, the DNA encoding genes can either be tightly wound up and silent or in a relaxed, open, active state," Golding explains. "The mechanisms that control this gene packaging are called epigenetic as they represent a level of regulation that is above or 'epi' to genetics."

The study shows "retroviral silencing in XEN cells is epigenetic in origin" and that "the three cell lineages of early mammalian embryo have vastly different viral silencing strategies as well as different capacities to suppress retroviral activity."

To examine the validity of a common assumption that these stem cells use similar mechanisms to silence retroviruses, Golding infected the mouse embryo stem cells with mouse leukemia virus (MLV) and monitored the virus' activity.

ES cells showed a progressive decline in virus activity, while TS cells had a constant level of virus activity. XEN cells, however, exhibited extremely aggressive and rapid silencing of virus activity, according to the study.

"Epigenetics is an exciting new field of research which is altering the way we think about fetal nutrition and exposure to environmental chemicals," Golding adds. "This discovery that all three stem cell types of the early embryo utilize slightly different mechanisms to control gene expression has profound implications for how we diagnose and treat fetal diseases."


'/>"/>

Contact: Keith Randall
keith-randall@tamu.edu
979-845-4644
Texas A&M University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Texas Health Dallas Launches Screening Program for Female Heart Disease
2. Saddle Up for a Healthier Trip to the Rodeo! BMI of Texas Offers Healthy Eating Advice for Rodeo-bound Texans
3. Pivot Networks and Brookside Technology Partners, Inc. Team to Broaden Managed IT Services Offering for Texas SMBs
4. Estes Audiology Awards Hearing Aids to Two Worthy Recipients in Central Texas
5. Texas Health Care Association: Meeting Texas Seniors Ongoing Care Needs Threatened by Looming State, Federal Funding Threats
6. Former Hospital and Office Buildings in Mesquite, Texas, up for Sealed Bid Auction from Sperry Van Ness Accelerated Marketing
7. Healthcare Trust of America, Inc. Executes Agreement to Acquire a 92,500 Square Foot Medical Office Portfolio Located in Texas and Indiana
8. Odessa Texas Cosmetic Dentist Sponsoring Marine Toys for Tots Program to Give Children in Need Free Toys for the Holidays
9. The Ensign Group Acquires Three Texas Skilled Nursing Facilities
10. Texas Health Harris Methodist Hospital Southlake Joins With U.S. Marine Corps Reserves Toys for Tots to Spread Holiday Cheer
11. Independent Ombudsman for Texas Youth Commission Resigns
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... CloudLIMS.com, a class-leading ... LIMS, CloudLIMS Lite. CloudLIMS Lite helps biobanks, clinical, research and testing laboratories keep ... disposal. The new version is a faster and a more efficient product, allowing ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... diagnostic imaging systems and the first company to offer robotic imaging to ... at their tradeshow booth # 941 for the American Association of Equine Practitioners ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Rijuven Corp launches rejiva ( http://www.rejiva.com ... and night. No other wearable health technology on the market can deliver all that ... poeple more meaningful insights about their health than the usual heart rate and steps ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 2016 , ... "Pro3rd Accents Volume 2 is a set of 30 accented ... with just a few clicks of the mouse," said Christina Austin - CEO of ... Choose from various styles with accented animations, rigid boxes, simplistic lines, and more. In ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Miami, FL (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 ... ... over 5,100 hot meals to needy individuals and families from eight different sites ... Florida on Thanksgiving Day. Over 1,000 volunteers worked very hard on Thanksgiving morning ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... to 2022" report to their offering. ... , , The global ultrasound ... is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.5% during 2016-2022. Based ... during the forecast period, a CAGR of 8.8% in the global market. ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Quantum Radiology,s Mobile Breast Center (QR MBC) brings cutting-edge ... at the workplace, thereby maximizing convenience and compliance.  QR ... and SunTrust Bank, and community health groups to provide ... "I think it,s a great service for ... a mammogram without taking a large amount of time ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2, 2016 In the first ever attempt ... those derived from C. sativa, the Hebrew University in ... Napoli Federico II , the Universita` del Piemonte Orientale ... critical, integrated and unified inventory of phytocannabinoids of different ... on the remarkable chemical and structural diversity of phytocannabinoids. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: