Navigation Links
Testing delays cause severe AIDS complications, Einstein researchers find
Date:11/2/2007

November 2, 2007 (BRONX, NY) Despite the availability of life-saving antiretroviral treatment, people infected with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) continue to die and suffer from complications of AIDS, mainly due to delayed diagnosis and initiation of treatment. A researcher at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and colleagues at Yale University have shed light on why this problem persists. They report their findings in the November issue of the journal Medical Care.

Led by Dr. Neel Gandhi, assistant professor of medicine and of epidemiology and population health at Einstein, the researchers examined 4,368 patients presenting for AIDS treatment to Veterans Administration (VA) Medical Centers nationwide for the first time between 1998 and 2002. Their aim was to determine whether patients who had received medical care in the VA healthcare system were diagnosed with the HIV infection that causes AIDS earlier than patients outside the VA or those who were accessing the VA system for the first time.

Half of all the patients in the study had AIDS at the time of presentationa high rate that nevertheless was similar to studies conducted outside the VA healthcare system. What was particularly astounding to us was the fact that 40 percent of these patients with AIDS had previously received medical care at the VA for other illnesses, but had not been diagnosed with HIV infections and treated earlier, explains Dr. Gandhi. This occurred even though they had an average of six physician visits over three-and-a-half years. Even more concerning was that those patients who already interacted with the healthcare system for several years suffered the end-stage complications of AIDS at the same rate as those who were new to the VA healthcare system.

One explanation for why this may occur is that patients with HIV infection remain asymptomatic until very late in the disease, providing few clues to doctors of the patients underlying HIV infection. In our study, we found that only 12% of patients with AIDS at the time of presentation for treatment had previously suffered from an illness indicative of unrecognized HIV infection, notes Dr Gandhi. The vast majority of these patients with AIDS had no signs or symptoms of HIV infection until they suffered end stage complications from AIDS. Most of these AIDS complications could have been prevented if these HIV-infected people had been routinely screened when they were first seen by a doctor and had begun antiretroviral treatment earlier.

He adds, A previously published study has shown routine screening for HIV infection is a cost-effective addition to the screening done for other life-threatening diseases, such as heart disease and several types of cancer. Assuming that patients give their permission to be screened for HIV, the potential savings from diagnosing an infection earlier would be quite significant.

The findings of the study support a recommendation by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to screen all patients in all healthcare settings for HIV-infection.


'/>"/>

Contact: Karen Gardner
kgardner@aecom.yu.edu
718-430-3101
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. First Vaccine Designed for Africa Cleared for Testing in Humans
2. Laboratory Testing Can Identify Risk of Pre-Term Labor and Delivery
3. Diabetic testing gets easier
4. FDA changes rules on testing drugs for children
5. Gene testing kit specific for Doctors
6. Testing for blood sugar levels made easier
7. H.Pylori testing recommended in patients with peptic ulcer
8. DNA Testing For More Accurate Results
9. SARS vaccine shows promise in Animal Testing
10. Testing Of Saliva May Predict Dental Caries
11. Diagnosing Sleep Apnea By Overnight Sleep Testing Method
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... that co-occur frequently. While a significant number of women and men with eating ... the trauma itself, that best predicts the development of an eating disorder. ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 08, 2016 , ... GrassrootsHealth published data from its D*action ... diabetes in the GrassrootsHealth cohort with substantially higher vitamin D levels than a ... health,” states Carole Baggerly, Director of GrassrootsHealth, “the safety and benefits of ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... Vegas, Nevada (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 ... ... at RowdMap, Inc., will be speaking on how healthcare companies can use newly ... costs, manage the health of a population and intervene and capture the value ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... According to research ... U.S. require dental technicians to be certified or obtain continuing education. To increase ... the “What’s In Your Mouth?” campaign to inform dentists and patients about the ...
(Date:2/7/2016)... ... February 07, 2016 , ... ... empowers employers and organizations with the tools and information to lower the costs, ... to cut the cost of providing employee healthcare benefits by as much as ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... , Feb.8, 2016 Aesthetic Devices - ... Medical Devices sector report, "Aesthetic Devices - Medical Devices ... currently in pipeline stage. This report ... and primary research by GlobalData,s team of industry experts. ... removed or altered based on the availability and relevance ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... SAN DIEGO , Feb. 8, 2016  Neurocrine ... the Company will report its fourth quarter and year-end ...  February 11, 2016.  Neurocrine will then host a live ... and provide a Company update Thursday afternoon, February 11, ... Time). http://www.neurocrine.com . --> http://www.neurocrine.com ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... N.J. , Feb. 8, 2016   GS1 ... healthcare professionals to guide them through GS1 Standards implementation ... Drug Administration (FDA) Unique Device Identification (UDI) rule. ... GS1 US; Beth Gibson , senior director industry ... , industry development director, GS1 US --> ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: