Navigation Links
Ten new amphibian species discovered in Colombia
Date:2/2/2009

Bogot, Colombia, February 2, 2009 -- Scientists today announced the discovery of 10 amphibians believed to be new to science, including a spiky-skinned, orange-legged rain frog, three poison dart frogs and three glass frogs, so called because their transparent skin can reveal internal organs.

The species were discovered during a recent Rapid Assessment Program (RAP) expedition in Colombia's mountainous Tacarcuna area of the Darien, near the border with Panama. The expedition was led by herpetologists from Conservation International (CI) in Colombia and ornithologists from the Ecotrpico Foundation, with the support of the local Ember community of Eyakera.

Over a period of three weeks, the scientists identified approximately 60 species of amphibians, 20 reptiles and almost 120 species of birds, many of them apparently found no where else.

The potentially new species of amphibians include three glass frogs of the Nymphargus, Cochranella and Centrolene genus; three poison dart frogs of the Dendrobatidae family (Colostethus, Ranitomeya and Anomaloglossus genera), one harlequin frog of the Atelopus genus, two species of rain frogs of the Pristimantis genera and one salamander of the Bolitoglossa genus. Colombia holds one of the most diverse amphibian communities in the world, with 754 species currently recorded.

In addition to the new discoveries, the expedition recorded the presence of large mammals such as Baird's tapir (Tapirus bairdii), listed on the IUCN Red List as Endangered in Colombia, and four species of monkeys, including Geoffroy's spider monkey (Ateles geoffroyi), Geoffroy's tamarin or red crested bare-faced tamarin (Saguinus geoffroyi), white-throated capuchin or Gorgona white-fronted capuchin (Cebus capucinus) and the mantled howler monkey (Alouatta palliata). They also found populations of white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari).

Other surprising findings included the presence of Central American species recorded for the first time in the northern area of South America, including a salamander (Bolitoglossa taylori), a rain frog (Pristimantis pirrensis), a small lizard (Ptychoglossus myersi) and a snake not yet identified.

"Once more we confirm we are leaders in natural diversity and not only in our region but in the world. Without a doubt this discovery represents a great milestone for science and human health," said Colombia's Minister of Environment Juan Lozano.

Scientists consider amphibians important indicators of ecosystem health. With porous, absorbent skin, they often provide early warnings of environmental degradation caused by acid rain, or contamination from heavy metals and pesticides that can also harm people. Amphibians help control the spread of many diseases, such as malaria and dengue fever, because they eat the insects that deliver these diseases to human populations. In addition, amphibians are extremely susceptible to unusual weather variations, with many species impacted by climate change.

"Without a doubt this region is a true Noah's Ark. The high number of new amphibian species found is a sign of hope, even with the serious threat of extinction that this animal group faces in many other regions of the country and the world," said Jose Vicente Rodriguez-Mahecha, Scientific Director of CI-Colombia.

This area of the Darien is isolated from the Andes Mountain range. It is recognized as a center of endemism and valuable for its high biological diversity. Historically it has served as a bridge for exchange of flora and fauna between North and South America.

Although the natural cover of the Darien region is currently relatively undisturbed, it faces many threats and is undergoing rapid landscape transformation, mainly due to selective wood extraction, extensive cattle ranching, illicit crop cultivation, hunting, mining and habitat fragmentation. Between 25 and 30 percent of the natural vegetation of the area is being deforested, especially in the lowlands and alluvial plains.

Results of the expedition are expected to contribute to strengthening the protected area status that applies to almost all the Colombian Darien region, and to help bring about the declaration of a new protected area in the Tacarcuna hills. In addition, an important goal is to support initiatives that guarantee the land rights for the indigenous Ember community of Eyakera through the creation of an Indigenous Reserve, and the development of management plans appropriate for the area and its population.

The identity and names of the new found species will be presented to the scientific community and the environmental authorities to evaluate their conservation status or risk of extinction.


'/>"/>

Contact: Lisa Bowen
l.bowen@conservation.org
703-341-2601
Conservation International
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. NC State researchers find new bartonella species that infects humans
2. Unique Holiday Gift for Animal Lovers: A Donation to Fund Animal Health Research; Pick a Favorite Animal - Dog, Cat, Horse, All Species of Wildlife
3. IPA Now Supports Affymetrix Exon Arrays and Additional Species
4. Crossing the species line
5. Cross-species transplant in rhesus macaques is step toward diabetes cure for humans
6. Corals added to IUCN Red List of Threatened Species for first time
7. One Species Genome Found Within Another
8. Gene Discovered for Most Common Form of Epilepsy
9. Possible Alzheimers disease marker discovered in rare genotype
10. Prostate Cancer Discovered in 40 Percent of Men Who Test Negative for the Disease
11. Newly discovered esophagus stem cells grow into transplantable tissue, Penn study finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Dr. Bernie Siegel, ... seller "LOVE, MEDICINE and MIRACLES") addresses touchy topics related to Death live on ... . Dr. Bernie Siegel, author of a plethora of essential books-to-read for ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Coast Dental Fort Stewart ... at its new location in the Exchange Furniture Mall at 112 Vilseck Road in ... 50-inch Samsung Smart TV. Plus attendees will have the opportunity to meet general dentists ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... announced that student team BioCellection won the $30,000 Perlman Grand Prize of the 2016 ... the Gloeckner Undergraduate Award, the Michelson People‚Äôs Choice Award, and the Committee Award ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... the Canadian Celiac Association (CCA), is pleased to announce the launch of the ... products, nutritional articles, recipes, and more. The purpose of the GFCP Scoop ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... , ... April 29, 2016 , ... New York City based oral and maxillofacial surgeon ... is a very effective way to treat obstructive sleep apnea. Dr. Jamali is proud to ... is a procedure that involves one or both jaw bones. This surgery is performed to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/29/2016)... ORANGE COUNTY, Calif. , April 29, 2016 ... technology industry is projected to shift from systems ... can replace all types of modality CRT Medical ... set-up." Although there are a host of foreseeable ... a serious concern; will existing modalities have to ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... April 29, 2016 ReportsnReports.com ... 2016" market research report that provides an overview ... analysis at various stages, therapeutics assessment by drug ... (RoA) and molecule type, along with latest updates, ... reviews key players involved in the therapeutic development ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... April 29, 2016 Acquisition ... Sciences, Product Development Capabilities in North ... Base . Indegene ( http://www.indegene.com ... the acquisition of Skura Corporation,s life science business. ... adaptive sales enablement technology for life science organizations ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: