Navigation Links
Teens who consume energy drinks more likely to use alcohol and drugs

Philadelphia, Pa. (February 4, 2014) Nearly one-third of US adolescents consume high-caffeine energy drinks or "shots," and these teens report higher rates of alcohol, cigarette, or drug use, reports a study in the January/February Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

The same characteristics that attract young people to consume energy drinkssuch as being "sensation-seeking or risk-oriented"may make them more likely to use other substances as well, suggests the new research by Yvonne M. Terry-McElrath, MSA, and colleagues of the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

High Use of Energy Drinks/Shots by US Teens

The researchers analyzed nationally representative data on nearly 22,000 US secondary school students (eighth, tenth, and twelfth graders). The teens were participants in the University of Michigan's "Monitoring the Future" study, funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse.

In response to questionnaires, about 30 percent of teens reported using caffeine-containing energy drinks or shots. More than 40 percent said they drank regular soft drinks every day, while 20 percent drank diet soft drinks daily.

Boys were more likely to use energy drinks than girls. Use was also higher for teens without two parents at home and those whose parents were less educated. Perhaps surprisingly, the youngest teens (eighth graders) were most likely to use energy drinks/shots.

Students who used energy drinks/shots were also more likely to report recent use of alcohol, cigarettes, and illicit drugs. Across age groups and with adjustment for other factors, teens who used energy drinks/shots were two or three times more likely to report other types of substance use, compared to those who didn't use energy drinks.

Soft drink consumption was also related to substance use. However, the associations were much stronger for energy drinks/shots.

May Have Implications for Risk of Substance Use

Energy drinks and shots are products containing high doses of caffeine, marketed as aids to increasing energy, concentration, or alertness. Studies in young adults suggest that consumption of energy drinks is associated with increased use of alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco.

In young adults, energy drinks have been linked to behavioral patterns of "sensation-seeking or risk orientation." Energy drinks are often used together with alcohol, which may "mask" the intoxicating effects of alcohol. The new study is one of the first to look at consumption of energy drinks by US adolescents, and how they may be related to other types of substance use.

"The current study indicates that adolescent consumption of energy drinks/shots is widespread and that energy drink users also report heightened risk for substance use," Terry-McElrath and colleagues write. They emphasize that their study provides no cause-and-effect data showing that energy drinks lead to substance abuse in teens.

However, the researchers believe that the findings linking energy drinks to substance use in young adults are likely relevant to adolescents as well. They write, "[E]ducation for parents and prevention efforts among adolescents should include education on the masking effects of caffeine in energy drinks on alcohol- and other substance-related impairments, and recognition that some groups (such as high sensationseeking youth) may be particularly likely to consume energy drinks and to be substance users."

Even without the possible link to substance use, Terry-McElrath and coauthors note that, with their high caffeine and sugar content, energy drinks and shots aren't a good dietary choice for teens. They cite a recent American Academy of Pediatrics report stating that "[C]affeine and other stimulant substances contained in energy drinks have no place in the diet of children and adolescents."

Contact: Connie Hughes
Wolters Kluwer Health

Related medicine news :

1. Quality improvement initiative improves asthma outcomes in teens
2. New Beginnings CEO Outlines Five Ways to Help Teens Recovering From Alcoholism
3. Malibu, CA Based Teen Drug and Mental Health Program, Paradigm Malibu Announces New Methods for Treating Eating Disorders in Teens
4. 3 Ways To Create A Positive Environment for Teens Recovering from Addiction
5. Teens who drink alone more likely to develop alcohol problems as young adults
6. Water is the Top Adult Daily Beverage Choice, But Not So Much for Kids and Teens, Reports NPD
7. Sobriety, spirituality linked for teens in treatment
8. Paradigm Malibu Launches Academic Support Program for Treatment of Gifted Teens
9. Dr. Dirk Rodriguez Recommends Obesity Surgery for Teens
10. Teens in child welfare system show higher drug abuse rate
11. ER study finds 1 in 10 older teens misuse Rx painkillers & sedatives
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... It’s inevitable that everyone ... member, close friend, or animal pass away, death lives among us. It is your ... Coming from a family of 11 children, author T Sky understands that she may ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... announce the speakers for “Value-Based Payer-Provider Partnerships: Three Case Studies,” an upcoming ... value-based care arrangements: Essentia Health and UCare, MissionPoint Health Partners, and Intel ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... IL (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... The ... an emerging pharmaceutical company. Because it is so important to this key industry segment, ... Factors in your IND Filing” on December 4th at 11am EST. , Federal law ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... Insightra Medical, Inc. ... Surgical Mesh technology for soft tissue repair in the US via Insightra’s national ... resorbable surgical mesh intended to support and reinforce soft tissue for 6-9 months ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... & Laser Center is one of a select few plastic surgeons in the ... non-surgical fat removal. , SculpSure™ is the world’s first heat-induced laser treatment for ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... -- Booth #4303 – The Imaging Components business of Varian ... array of products in a new booth (#4303) at the ... America in Chicago this ... components "At the Heart of Imaging." Products will include a ... Claymount brand, and computer-aided diagnostic software from MeVis as well ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... -- Hanger, Inc. (NYSE: HGR ) (the "Company") today ... its previously announced consent solicitation (as amended and restated, ... amount 7⅛% Senior Notes due 2018 (the "Notes") to ... pursuant to the Consent Solicitation, (ii) the proposed increased ... date of the Consent Solicitation.    ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , Nov. 30, 2015   VolitionRx Limited (NYSE ... diagnostic tests for a broad range of cancer types and ... LD Micro Conference, which will be held December 1 - 3 ... from VolitionRx will be David Kratochvil , Chief Financial ... of Investor Relations. ® blood-based tests for ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: