Navigation Links
Teens in child welfare system show higher drug abuse rate
Date:11/3/2013

PISCATAWAY, NJ Teenagers in the child welfare system are at higher-than-average risk of abusing marijuana, inhalants and other drugs, according to a study in the November issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

However, the study also shows that parental involvement matters. "When youth perceive that their parents or caregivers are actively engaged in their lives, this may steer them away from drugs," according to lead researcher Danielle L. Fettes, Ph.D., of the University of California, San Diego. "Youth who feel supported by parents tend to have a better sense of self and better mental health and, in this case, are less likely to engage in high-risk behaviorswhich is important for this already high-risk population."

Using data from two national surveys, Fettes and colleagues found that 18 percent of teens in the welfare system admitted to ever smoking marijuana, versus 14 percent of other teens. Meanwhile, 12 percent said they'd abused inhalants, compared with 6 percent of other U.S. kids.

In addition, although abuse of "hard drugs," like cocaine and heroin, was less common, teens in child welfare were still at greater risk: Six percent admitted to ever using the drugs, versus 4 percent of other teens.

The findings are not necessarily surprising, according to Fettes. It's known that kids who enter the child welfare system typically have some risk factors for drug usesuch as a history of domestic abuse or mental health issues.

But until now, there had been little research into their actual rates of substance abuse, Fettes said.

For their study, she and her colleagues culled data from two national health surveys: one covered 730 12- to 14-year-olds in the child welfare system; the other included 4,445 kids the same age from the general U.S. population.

Overall, teens in the welfare system were more likely to have tried marijuana, inhalants or hard drugsbut not alcohol. Around 40 percent of kids in each survey admitted to drinking at some point in their lives.

That, according to Fettes, may reflect a couple of facts. "Alcohol is readily available to teenagers," she said, "and drinking is something of a normative behavior to them."

But whereas drug use was more common among teens in the welfare system, not all of those kids were at equal risk. A key risk factorfor all teens in the studywas delinquency. Teenagers who admitted to things like shoplifting, theft, running away or using a weapon were at increased risk of both drug and alcohol abuse.

On the other hand, some family factors seemed to protect kids from falling into drug use.

Teens from two-parent homes were generally less likely to report drug useand so were kids who said they felt close to their parents or other guardian. For the parents and others who care for these kids, Fettes said it's important to be aware of the increased risk of substance abuse.

On the wider scale, Fettes said that right now, there are typically multiple, distinct service systems working with teens in the child welfare system. They may also be receiving mental health services and alcohol and other drug counseling, as well as having contact with the criminal justice system. "Often, they don't work together," she noted.

"Given the increased risk, the child welfare system may be an ideal venue to incorporate proven prevention and intervention programs for youth substance use," Fettes concluded. "Drug abuse screening and treatment, or referrals for treatment, should be a regular part of kids' case management."


'/>"/>

Contact: Debra Kain
ddkain@ucsd.edu
619-543-6202
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. NIHs PEERx for teens to be showcased at Rx Drug Abuse Summit
2. Preteens More Likely to Report HPV Vaccine Side Effects
3. Even Young Teens Show Signs of Sun Damage
4. 12-Step Meetings May Help Teens Beat Alcohol, Drug Abuse
5. Use of Ecstasy, Speed by Teens Tied to Later Depression
6. On-the-Job Injuries Can Be Lethal to U.S. Teens
7. Stricter Seat Belt Laws Get Teens to Buckle Up, Study Shows
8. It takes a village to keep teens substance free
9. Study: More Pre-Teens Get Vaccines When Middle Schools Require Them
10. 16 years old is peak risk for teens misusing prescription drugs
11. Friends Parents Can Sway Teens Odds for Drinking, Smoking
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2017)... DC (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2017 , ... ... Pregnancy (The National Campaign) announces its support for the Access to Contraception ... Sen. Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) and Rep. Jackie Speier (D-CA), will help to ensure ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Somnoware, a leading ... Word(TM) Online(TM), which enables sleep physicians to create and edit their interpretation reports. ... and provides a familiar interface that does not require additional training to use. ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2017 , ... Getting enough sleep affects much more than ... (NSF), going just 19 hours without sleep can compromise motor reaction time, which can increase ... and Amica Insurance is sharing the following tips from the NSF to help you sleep ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... Cypress, California (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2017 ... ... LED T8 Direct Replace tubes . These lamps offer an instant energy-saving solution ... no need to rewire fixtures or disconnect ballasts. These 50,000 hour rated lamps ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Children ... to more adverse experiences than children in the general population. That’s because foster ... neglect or other family challenges. While no fault of their own, youth who ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... WOONSOCKET, R.I. , April 20, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... (NYSE: CVS), today unveiled a new store design ... new assortment of healthier food, health-focused products and ... the store to help customers discover new offerings. ... represent the next evolution of the customer experience ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... -- AbbVie (NYSE: ABBV), a global biopharmaceutical company, today ... C virus (HCV) infected patients with genotype 1, ... (Child-Pugh A) achieved sustained virologic response at 12 ... pan-genotypic regimen of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (G/P). These high SVR ... of G/P treatment without ribavirin. Patients with specific ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... April 20, 2017 Eyevensys, a ... first non-viral gene expression technology that enables the safe, ... to address a wide range of ophthalmic diseases, announces ... Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) to advance its technology ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: