Navigation Links
Teens are heading in wrong direction: Likely to have sex, but not use contraception
Date:6/17/2009

Between 2003 and 2007, the progress made in the 1990s and early 2000s in improving teen contraceptive use and reducing teen pregnancy and childbearing stalled, and may even have reversed among certain groups of teens, according to the study "Changing Behavior Risk for Pregnancy Among High School Students in the United States, 1991�," by John S. Santelli, MD, MPH, professor and chair of the Heilbrunn Department of Population and Family Health at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health in conjunction with researchers at Guttmacher Institute. Between 1991 and 2003, teens' condom use increased while their use of no contraceptive method declined, leading to a decreased risk of pregnancy and to declines in teen pregnancy and childbearing. The new findings, published in the July 2009 issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health, paint a very different picture since 2003.

Using data from young women in grades 9󈝸 who participated in the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, the authors estimated teens' risk of becoming pregnant based on their sexual activity, the contraceptive method they used and the effectiveness of that method in preventing pregnancy. The authors found no change in teen sexual activity between 2003 and 2007, but did find a small decline in contraceptive use.

"After major improvements in teen contraceptive use in the 1990s and early 2000s, which led to significant declines in teen pregnancy, it is disheartening to see a reversal of such a positive trend," says Dr. Santelli. "Teens are still having sex, but it appears many are not taking the necessary steps to protect themselves from unwanted pregnancy or sexually transmitted infections."

Previous research by the Mailman School of Public Health and Guttmacher Institute showed that contraceptive use was a key factor in reducing teen pregnancy rates in the 1990s, despite little significant change in teen sexual activity. The authors suggest that the recent decline in teen contraceptive use since 2003 could be the result of faltering HIV prevention efforts among youth, or of more than a decade of abstinence-only-until-marriage sex education that does not mention contraception unless it is to disparage its use and effectiveness.

This reversal in contraceptive use is consistent with increases in the teen birth rate in 2006 and 2007 as reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and may well portend further increases in teen pregnancies and births in 2008. The authors recommend reinvigorated efforts at both the state and national levels to promote contraceptive use among teens through medically accurate sex education and increased access to health services, to effectively address the problem of teen pregnancy. The Western European experience in reducing teen pregnancy and childbearingwith rates that are far lower than in the United Statessuggests that efforts to improve teen contraceptive use are warranted.


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Teens as Cardiologists in Training: Program Swaps Backpacks for Stethoscopes
2. Medical, Insurance, Automotive and Safety Groups Call on Congress to Make This the "Last Deadly Summer for Teens" by Swiftly Passing Federal Teen Driving Safety Bill
3. Recent smoking-cessation research highlights importance of keeping teens from smoking
4. New Program May Help Teens at High Risk for Depression
5. Cervical Cancer Vaccine Not Just for Teens
6. Overweight male teens with normal blood pressures showing signs of heart damage
7. Teens Likely to Trade Team Sports for Individual Exercise
8. Technology, Caffeine Keeping Teens Awake
9. Stigma Keeps Teens From Depression Treatment
10. Use science to convince teens a sober prom is better, AAAS says
11. Rainbow Babies & Childrens Hospitals Use It or Lose It High School Seat Belt Challenge Brings Out the Creativity in Cuyahoga County Teens
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... May 02, 2016 , ... “Engineering Bubbles,” an oil painting submitted ... ARRS Art Forum held recently at the Annual Meeting in Los Angeles. The first ... ARRS members and Annual Meeting attendees. , “Through art I hope to ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... May 02, 2016 , ... Over $60 Billion is spent ... pet gear and toys, leading product review site for Toys, Tots, Pets & More ... at their Spring Showcase at the Metropolitan Pavilion in New York City. , ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... , ... May 02, 2016 , ... ... has announced a new Specialty Pharmacy Patient Satisfaction Award that will recognize specialty ... the quarterly results from Zitter Health Insights’ Specialty Pharmacy Patient Satisfaction Survey compiled ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... ... According to an American Psychological Association article, the Centers for Disease ... of 18. Of those who survive, many still face effects as they reach adulthood. ... new book, Lyah! Lyah! Pants on Fyah!, she shares stories from women who are ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 02, 2016 , ... ... Research & Analytics EVP and GM Jim Callandrillo and Duane Reed, VP ... 55th Annual Pharmaceutical Business Intelligence and Research Group (PBIRG) General Meeting ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/2/2016)... NEW YORK , May 2, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... Series B financing of Graybug Vision, Inc. Graybug ... to developing therapies that may transform care for ... and glaucoma.  Graybug Vision,s technology was first developed ... out into a startup venture. ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... 2016  In the next ten years, the ... systems dependent on CRTs monitors to those reliant on ... Medical monitors and will automatically sync to existing ... foreseeable benefits to this technological advancement, it also ... to be replaced in order to be LCD ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... -- Glycotope GmbH, a clinical-stage immuno-oncology company ... of Dr. Alfredo Zurlo as Chief Medical ... many years clinical experience and a proven track record ... was at Mologen AG where he was Chief Medical ... Zurlo held various positions at F Hoffmann La Roche ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: