Navigation Links
Teen attitudes toward smoking linked to likelihood of drinking and using drugs
Date:9/30/2009

NEW YORK (Sept. 30, 2009) -- New research by Weill Cornell Medical College researchers looks at the specific ways parents and peers influence teenagers to smoke, drink and use marijuana in combination. Among their findings: attitudes toward smoking influenced teenagers' use of multiple drugs (smoking, drinking and marijuana), and that this manifested itself differently in boys and girls.

For girls, friends were shown to be central. Ambivalent or permissive attitudes within their social group toward smoking were associated with poly-drug use -- defined as two or more of the following behaviors: smoking, drinking and marijuana use. This wasn't the case with boys, whose poly-drug use was instead predicted by the extent to which they perceived smoking to be prevalent in their larger age group -- not just among their friends.

"If a teenager feels smoking is socially acceptable and widely practiced, they are much more likely not only to smoke, but to also drink and possibly use marijuana," says lead author Dr. Jennifer A. Epstein, assistant professor of public health in the Division of Prevention and Health Behavior at Weill Cornell Medical College. "While the differences between how boys and girls are influenced by these social factors are subtle, they could help us develop new gender-specific educational tactics for preventing these behaviors."

The study also revealed several factors that were the same for boys and girls. When their friends drank alcohol or smoked or when their parents had permissive or ambivalent attitudes toward drinking, both teenage boys and girls were more likely to report poly-drug use. Other major variables included teenagers' inability to refuse drugs and achieve goals through their own efforts.

"A parent's opinion matters. Moms and dads are critical role models and should let their attitudes against drug use be known. It's also important to keep an eye on their child's social circle, since, especially for girls, it's their friends who are so central to influencing their behavior," says Dr. Epstein. "At the same time, parents can do things that reduce their child's risk for using drugs, such as teaching them to set goals and assert themselves."

Researchers analyzed confidential surveys taken by 2,400 sixth- and seventh-graders in inner-city schools in New York City. Questions dealt with substance use and several psychological factors that previous research suggests may be related to drug use. The majority of the schools serve youths from families with incomes averaged well below the federal poverty level.

The current study is one of the first to look at the relationships between smoking, drinking and marijuana use. The vast majority of research in this area has focused on a single substance in isolation, especially among white middle-class suburban populations. The importance of Dr. Epstein's approach is backed up by evidence suggesting that teenage poly-drug use is a significant risk factor for adult poly-drug use.

One implication of these findings, according to Dr. Epstein, is that "comprehensive prevention programs focusing on multiple gateway drugs (alcohol, cigarettes and marijuana) may prove to be more valuable than programs focusing on a single drug."


'/>"/>

Contact: Lezlie Greenberg
leg2003@med.cornell.edu
212-821-0560
New York- Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center/Weill Cornell Medical College
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Orgasms, sexual health and attitudes about female genitals
2. Americans Attitudes On Economic Issues Have Shifted, Per Franklin & Marshall College Poll With Hearst Television
3. Worldwide Gap Between Vision Care Attitudes & Behavior
4. Survey Compares Aussie and English Barbeque Attitudes
5. How Do Our Attitudes About Beauty Change As We Age?
6. Doctors Attitudes Play Part in Early Alzheimers Diagnosis
7. Stanford Center on Longevity Releases New Findings About Voter Attitudes on Health Care Reform
8. Survey research looks at attitudes, obstacles to walking and biking to work
9. Employers Want National Approach to Health Care—Still Believe Employer-Based System Works Best: New Survey Looks At Attitudes toward Health Care Reform and Major Health Care Issues.
10. Educational materials can alter young womens attitudes about tanning, may reduce skin cancer
11. Surrogacy still stigmatized, though attitudes changing among younger women
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/17/2017)... ... August 17, 2017 , ... Aeroflow Healthcare today ... recognizing America’s fastest growing private companies. Inc. magazine ranked Aeroflow Healthcare #2450 on ... , The Inc. 5000 represents the most comprehensive study of American ...
(Date:8/17/2017)... ... August 17, 2017 , ... SeQuel Response announced ... multichannel growth agency among the fastest-growing private companies in the U.S., putting it in ... companies that have applied to the Inc. 5000 over the years, only ...
(Date:8/17/2017)... ... August 17, 2017 , ... With the introduction of new ... a number of changes to the smartwatch market. As of June 2017, nearly nine ... from the six months prior. Additionally, according to latest WEAR Report Industry Overview and ...
(Date:8/17/2017)... ... August 17, 2017 , ... Inc. Magazine Unveils 36th Annual List ... with Three-Year Sales Growth of 3,004.8% , NEW YORK, August 16, 2017 – Inc. ... most prestigious ranking of the nation's fastest-growing private companies. The list represents a unique ...
(Date:8/17/2017)... ... August 17, 2017 , ... Advice Media, the industry leader in digital marketing for medical practices, ... and has been included in the Inc. 5000 for the second time in two years. ... in the Inc. 5000 rankings for the second year in a row. It’s extremely difficult ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/2/2017)... Aug. 2, 2017  Life Flight Network and PeaceHealth Oregon ... improves patient care and operational efficiency for patients at hospitals ... , Cottage Grove , and ... PeaceHealth and Life Flight Network work collaboratively to move patients ... or when a time sensitive emergency exists. ...
(Date:8/1/2017)... , Aug. 1, 2017   CerSci Therapeutics , ... Dallas, Texas , has received notice from the ... Institutes of Health (NIH) that it has been awarded ... totaling over $650,000 in 2017 with an additional $1,000,000 ... Investigational New Drug application of their lead non-opioid drug ...
(Date:7/31/2017)... Three Tru-D SmartUVC robots have arrived at Brian ... . Tru-D, short for "Total Room Ultraviolet Disinfection," is a 5-foot-5 germ-killing ... services (ES) professional cleans the area with traditional cleaning protocols. ... Tru-D fights germs at Army ... "Although the BAACH has a very low infection ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: