Navigation Links
Teen Births Hit Record Low, CDC Reports
Date:2/11/2013

By Serena Gordon
HealthDay Reporter

MONDAY, Feb. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Teen birth rates have dropped yet again, reaching a historic low, and the number of babies being born early or with a low birth weight has also declined, a new U.S. government report shows.

Many factors may account for the improvement, experts say.

"We talk more about teen pregnancy, the responsibility of having a child and how difficult it is to be a teen mom. We also talk about contraception and abstinence more," explained Dr. Jill Rabin, chief of ambulatory care, obstetrics and gynecology at Long Island Jewish Medical Center, in New Hyde Park, N.Y.

"Adults have to remember we're fighting the adolescent sex drive that developed as a matter of survival of the species," Rabin said. "It's important to remember the three I's when you're working with teens. They think they're immortal, invincible and infertile. We have to convince them otherwise and dispel the myths, and the message needs repetition."

As for the decrease in preterm and low-birth-weight babies, Rabin noted that "prenatal care is getting better, and the message of the importance of prenatal care is getting out there."

The report, from the National Center for Health Statistics branch of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, documented declines in the three areas: The teen birth rate fell to 31.3 births per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19 in 2011. Twenty years ago, that rate was 61.8 per 1,000 teenage girls. And, for the fifth straight year, the preterm birth rate dropped, to 11.7 percent in 2011 from 12.8 percent in 2006. The rate for low-birth-weight babies also declined, from 8.15 percent in 2010 to 8.1 percent in 2011.

The report was published online Feb. 11 and will appear in the March print issue of the journal Pediatrics.

One expert noted that the three birth trends are often intertwined.

"Teen pregnancies are associated with preterm births. What really struck me from this report was that if the rate of teen birth hadn't gone down since 1991, 3.6 million more births would have occurred," said Dr. Ed McCabe, senior vice president and medical director of the March of Dimes.

"For two decades, the preterm birth rate rose steadily, but it's been decreasing since 2006, and is now the lowest it's been in a decade," he said. "It shows that preterm birth is not an intractable problem."

McCabe said a major reason for the decline in preterm birth is a focus on reducing elective cesarean section births and labor inductions. He said the March of Dimes and other groups, like the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, recommend that no elective birth procedures be done before 39 weeks of gestation unless there is a medical indication for early delivery.

"A lot of teen pregnancies are unplanned," McCabe said. "It's really about motivating teens to empower them to take control over their own bodies and lives."

The drop in teen birth rates was even more significant for some races, although the rates are still higher overall. In 1991, the rate of teen pregnancy among non-Hispanic blacks was 118.2 per 1,000 teens. By 2011, that number was down to 47.4 per 1,000 teens. In Hispanics, the 1991 rate was 104.6 per 1,000, and 49.4 per 1,000 teens in 2011.

Meanwhile, the rate of preterm birth is at its lowest point in five years at 11.7 percent. The biggest decline came in the birth of late preterm babies (those at 34 to 36 weeks gestation).

Like preterm births, the number of low-birth-weight babies has been declining since 2006. The latest rate of low-birth-weight babies (about 5.5 pounds or less) was 8.1 percent of babies born in 2011.

"Barriers to access to care are being reduced," Rabin said. "There are more and more programs to take care of the under- and uninsured. I think this will keep getting better."

Both Rabin and McCabe recommended getting care as soon as you know you're pregnant -- although ideally, you should see your doctor before getting pregnant to make sure you're in the best health you can be and you can start taking prenatal vitamins.

More information

Learn more about premature birth and steps you can take to prevent it from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

SOURCES: Jill Rabin, M.D., chief, ambulatory care, obstetrics and gynecology, and head, urogynecology, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, N.Y.; Ed McCabe, M.D., Ph.D., senior vice president and medical director, March of Dimes; March 2013 Pediatrics


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Wellesley study shows income inequality a key factor in high US teen births
2. U.S. Teen Births Hit Record Low
3. Fewer Stillbirths Among Pregnant Women Vaccinated Against Flu
4. Analysis will examine safety of in-hospital underwater births
5. More Than a Third of Births Unintended: CDC
6. Vaginal delivery as safe as cesarean for most early preterm births
7. Vaginal Deliveries as Safe as C-Sections for Most Preterm Births
8. Ob/Gyn Group Urges Docs to Help Prevent Octomom-Type Multiple Births
9. Flu Season Was One of Mildest on Record, CDC Confirms
10. Qualicode and CellTrak Deliver Integrated Mobile Scheduling and Health Record Solution
11. Van Beek’s Garden Supplies Set to Break Records with Busiest Top Soil Season Ever
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Teen Births Hit Record Low, CDC Reports
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... METTLER ... ions found in power plant water and steam. , Chlorides and sulfates cause ... boilers, leading to extensive maintenance and unplanned shutdowns. Monitoring these ions at low ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... The Executives, Staff & Clients of ... for the Toys for Tots Literacy Campaign at their Semi-Annual Graduation and Fundraiser Event ... billion, the U.S. ranks at number 14 internationally in literacy. Statistically, a direct relation ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... A ... achieve the “perfect smile.” The National Association of Dental Laboratories (NADL) is informing ... should be aware of when utilizing dental laboratories and technicians that create these ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... Santa Monica, CA (PRWEB) , ... March 28, ... ... expert, Dr. Carson Liu of SkyLex Advanced Surgical, Inc. is thrilled to offer ... newest gastric balloon procedure, and this procedure adds to SkyLex Advanced Surgical’s ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... The Lice ... Atlantic City March 13-16, was a busy spot this year. Liz Solovay and ... strategies for preventing outbreaks among camp communities during the upcoming 2017 camping season. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/27/2017)... , March 27, 2017 The ... digital health and data analytics company, signed a ... for improving healthcare delivery in the region. ... for Global Health Research and Technology (BIGHEART) at ... on several topics related to healthcare IT and ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... Summary This report provides ... and its partnering interests and activities since 2010. Description ... in-depth insight into the partnering activity of one of the ... reports are prepared upon purchase to ensure inclusion of the ... The report will be delivered in PDF format within 1 ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... 27, 2017  A recent study at Shriners Hospitals ... hospitals in the country dedicated to the treatment of ... concluded that the Surfacide Helios ® UV-C Disinfection ... reducing bacterial pathogens not killed by the EVS (manual) ... the American Burn Association,s 49th Annual Meeting in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: