Navigation Links
TB Drug Treatment Can Lead to Severe Pneumonia
Date:3/24/2008

South African study cites the use of fluoroquinones

MONDAY, March 24 (HealthDay News) -- The use of fluoroquinones to treat children with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis can lead to the development of drug-resistant invasive pneumococcal disease, including severe pneumonia and meningitis.

That finding emerged from a study by researchers at the National Institute for Communicable Diseases in South Africa.

They analyzed 21,521 cases of children with invasive pneumococcal disease and screened 19,404 isolates (90 percent of all cases) for resistance to ofloxacin (a fluoroquinone). Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) for all isolates were measured, and levofloxacin resistance was defined as an MIC of 4mg/L or more. The researchers assessed nose and throat pneumococcal carriage in 65 children in two TB hospitals where invasive pneumococcal disease caused by levofloxacin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae had been detected.

Twelve cases of invasive pneumococcal disease were identified as levofloxacin-resistant, all in children younger than 15 years old. There were five deaths among the 11 patients whose outcomes were known.

The researchers found that invasive pneumococcal disease caused by levofloxacin-resistant S. pneumoniae was associated with a history of TB treatment. Eight out of nine (89 percent) children with non-susceptible isolates had a history of TB treatment, compared to 396 of 2,202 (18 percent) of children with susceptible isolates. Among the hospitalized children with nose and throat pneumococcal carriage, nearly 100 percent of the bacteria were levofloxacin resistant.

"Our data suggest that the use of fluoroquinones to treat multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in children has led to the emergence of invasive pneumococcal diseases caused by levofloxacin-non-susceptible S. pneumoniae and its nosocomial spread among children," the researchers concluded.

The study was published by The Lancet and released Monday to coincide with World TB Day.

More information

The U.S. National Foundation for Infectious Diseases has more about pneumococcal disease.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: The Lancet, news release, March 24, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Youth sports concussion program points to need for proper treatment of concussion in children
2. Prostate size and other neglected factors influence prostate cancer treatment satisfaction
3. Quality of Life an Issue in Prostate Cancer Treatment
4. Molecular biology of sleep apnea could lead to new treatments
5. One-Third of U.S. Primary Care Physicians and Cardiologists Do Not Currently Prescribe Treatment to Meet HDL Cholesterol Targets as Recommended By National Guidelines
6. Varian Announces Global Clinical Council to Develop RapidArc(TM) Cancer Treatments
7. Arizona Senate Approves Smoking Cessation Treatments for State Medicaid Beneficiaries
8. New Foam Treatment for Varicose Veins
9. New Interventional Radiology Treatment Shows Hope for People With Complications from Bone Marrow, Stem Cell Transplants
10. Few Women Hear About Uterine Fibroid Embolization Treatment Option Directly From Gynecologists
11. Researchers study new drug and indications for heated chemotherapy treatment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Global Healthcare ... scenic Alexandria Park in Milford, NJ. This free event, sponsored by Global Healthcare ... activity. The fun run is geared towards children of all ages; it is ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... “America On The ... identity. “America On The Brink” is the creation of published author, William Nowers. ... great-grandchildren. As a WWII veteran, he spent thirty years in the Navy. ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... IsoComforter, Inc. ( https://isocomforter.com ), ... of an innovative new design of the shoulder pad. The shoulder pad provides ... while controlling your pain while using cold therapy. By utilizing ice and water that ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... HMP , ... recipient of a 2017 Folio Magazine Eddie Digital Award for ‘Best B-to-B Healthcare Website.’ ... on October 11, 2017. , The annual award competition recognizes editorial and design excellence ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 2017 , ... In the United States, single-family home owners ... New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Texas, Virginia, Connecticut, and California—the average is $7,000 ... property-tax rates, which contributes to the relatively lower cost of living in places ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/10/2017)... COUNTY, Calif. , Oct. 10, 2017  NDS received FDA ... Mobile  — a medical-grade battery-powered display stand specifically designed for endoscopy ... to transform technology into a clinical solution to support the improvement ... Innovative Design ... ZeroWire Mobile Wireless Solution ...
(Date:10/5/2017)... Oct. 5, 2017  In response to the ... and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) released prescribing recommendations that ... be used as a first-line therapy to manage ... Recognizing the value and ... Paper "Opioid Prescribing: Acute and Postoperative Pain Management" ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... Oct. 4, 2017 OBP Medical ... illuminating medical devices, today announced regulatory approval from ... Agency (or Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA)) ... cordless surgical retractor with integrated LED light source ... illumination and exposure of a tissue pocket or ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: