Navigation Links
Synergy between behavioral and pharmacologic interventions for ADHD
Date:4/6/2010

Philadelphia, PA, 6 April 2010 - Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental health disorders affecting children and adolescents. Children with ADHD are excessively restless, impulsive, and distractible and experience difficulties at home and in school. Problems inhibiting behavior are a common theme for ADHD symptoms. These symptoms are usually treated with stimulant medications, behavioral approaches or a combination of the two.

In a new study appearing in Biological Psychiatry, published by Elsevier, researchers compared children with ADHD and typically developing children using a video-game task, which required them to focus their attention and to control impulsive actions. The children performed this task under three different motivational conditions, and the children with ADHD were tested both on and off their usual dose of medication. This allowed the researchers to compare the effects of both medication and motivation on the children's response inhibition.

Dr. Madeleine Groom, corresponding author of the study and Professor Chris Hollis, principal investigator, explained their findings: "We found that brain electrical activity in children with ADHD when attending to the task and restraining impulsive responses differed from a comparison group of children without ADHD, but became more similar when they took stimulant medication. Intriguingly, rewards and penalties given to improve task performance also changed brain activity, and did so in both children with ADHD and in the control group, although these motivational effects were much smaller than those associated with medication."

These findings suggest that stimulant medication tends to normalize brain function in children with ADHD and enables them to better maintain attention and restrain impulsive responses. Motivational incentives also seem to play a role in modulating similar neural circuits and work additively with medication to improve performance in children with ADHD.

Dr. John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry, commented that "the findings suggest that there may be important additive effects of stimulant medications and behavioral strategies for increasing motivation in ADHD. These interactive effects are important to bear in mind when optimizing the performance of children in school and other settings that require control of attention and behavior."


'/>"/>

Contact: Maureen Hunter
m.hunter@elsevier.com
215-239-3674
Elsevier
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study Finds Possible Explanation for the Link Between Infertility and Breast/Ovarian Cancer Risks
2. Distinct demographic profiles between Crohns disease and ulcerative colitis
3. Potty Training Best Between Ages 2 and 3
4. Link between obesity and enhanced cancer risk elucidated
5. New research will examine link between childhood asthma, sleep and school performance
6. New e-Forms Management Tools from Access Bridge the Gap Between MEDITECH Magic and Scanning and Archiving for Hospitals
7. Securities Class Action Filed by Shepherd, Finkelman, Miller & Shah, LLP on Behalf of Hemispherx Biopharma Securities Purchasers Between February 18, 2009 and November 2, 2009
8. UNC scientists coordinate study of link between insulin use and cancer in people with diabetes
9. From A to B and Everything In-between; AB First Aid Launch New Web Storefront
10. Study shows link between working memory and reactive parenting
11. IQWiG presents a method for evaluating the relation between cost and benefit
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... While EHR data ... has introduced an innovative workstation designed to reduce nursing fatigue while enhancing productivity. ... EHR Workstation offers a lightweight, highly mobile, multi-functional alternative to the limitations of ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... For the first time, International ... the exhibit floor for the 2017 HIMSS Conference & Exhibition at ... 2017, more than 40,000 healthcare industry professionals are expected at the conference, where ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... , ... February 17, 2017 , ... ... to Prevent a Warning Letter, **An FDAnews Webinar**, Feb. 23, 2017 — 1:30 ... manufacturers distinguish between corrective action (CA) and preventive action (PA)? , The methods ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... ... 2017 season , Trinity Health and the U.S. Soccer Foundation announced today that ... in underserved communities. Soccer for Success, the Foundation’s soccer mentoring program, teaches kids ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... 2017 , ... PrideStaff, a national staffing organization, is pleased ... Industry Analysts' 2017 "Staffing 100 North America" list. , Now in its ... the staffing industry over the last twelve months. Industry insiders and observers nominate ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/16/2017)... CITY, Calif. , Feb. 16, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... a specialty pharmaceutical company focused on the development ... of moderate-to-severe acute pain, announced that Vincent ... officer and a member of the company,s board ... Angotti brings over two decades of experience leading ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... 2017 Research and Markets has announced the ... & Trends - Function, Application, Cancer Type, Technology - Forecast to ... ... is poised to grow at a CAGR of around 28.6% over ... Some of the prominent trends that the market ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... -- WHAT: PerfectServe™ is hosting ... system IT professionals. From making sense of MACRA to optimizing ... participants to prepare for new policies and technologies.    ... WEBINAR TIME ... Webinar: Making Sense of MACRA   Click here ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: