Navigation Links
Switch to 'Light' Cigarettes Makes Quitting Tougher
Date:11/3/2009

Smokers may mistakenly believe they're 'healthier,' researchers say

TUESDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Experts have long known that "low-tar" and "light" cigarettes aren't any healthier than regular cigarettes, and new research suggests they have another drawback: People who switch to them are less likely to quit, even those who switch specifically because they want to stop smoking.

In fact, "switching to ['light' cigarettes] for any reason is associated with continuing to smoke," said study author Dr. Hilary Tindle, a researcher at the University of Pittsburgh's Division of General Internal Medicine.

However, she acknowledged that the research does not prove that switching leads directly to a lower rate of quitting.

According to the authors, an estimated 84 percent of cigarettes sold in the United States are so-called low-tar and low-nicotine, with many of them called "lights." Some smokers may assume they're healthier than other cigarettes, but medical researchers say smokers still suck in about the same level of carcinogens. And research has shown that "lighter" cigarettes don't reduce smoking-related illness and death.

Regardless of what brand they smoke, "the average smoker dies 13 to 14 years earlier than he or she would die if he or she did not smoke," Tindle said.

In the new study, published online Nov. 3 in the journal Tobacco Control, researchers examined the results of a 2003 survey of 30,800 people in the United States who had smoked within the past year. Thirty-eight percent of them had switched to "lighter" cigarettes, with the largest percentage of those -- 26 percent -- saying they'd done so for better flavor. Forty-three percent mentioned one, two or three reasons for switching, with quitting smoking being one of those reasons.

However, those who had switched were 46 percent less likely to have quit smoking.

Why might switchers be more likely to continue smoking? "Prior research suggests that switching may resolve smokers' cognitive dissonance about smoking -- something along the lines of, 'Well, since I'm smoking a [supposedly] healthier cigarette, I really don't have to worry about lung cancer, heart disease, impotence, wrinkles, early death [fill in the blank] because my health is not at risk,'" Tindle said. "This type of rationale may keep more health-conscious smokers smoking."

But there are other possible explanations, added Robert West, a researcher who studies tobacco use at University College London in England. It's possible, for example, that people who switch are already more dependent on cigarettes and less able to quit, he said.

What to do? "In Europe, tobacco companies are not allowed to call cigarettes low tar or imply that they are in any way safer," West said.

Regardless of how cigarettes are marketed, Tindle said, "the best solution for the problem of how to live longer and healthier is to quit smoking now."

In related news, a study published Nov. 3 in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health finds that smoking during pregnancy is linked to a higher level of behavioral problems in offspring later in life, even among those as young as 3.

A team from the University of York in the England tracked 14,000 mother-and-child pairs and found that maternal smoking during pregnancy was associated with significantly higher odds for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other behavioral woes, compared to children born to nonsmoking mothers.

More information

Find out more about smoking and its consequences at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.



SOURCES: Hilary Tindle, M.D., MPH, researcher, Center for Research on Healthcare, division of general internal medicine, University of Pittsburgh; Robert West, Ph.D., Health Behavior Research Center, department of epidemiology and public health, University College London, U.K.; Nov. 3, 2009, Tobacco Control, online


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Schizophrenia Gene May Have On/Off Switch
2. Brain Switch Helps Doctors Deal With Patients Pain
3. Switching to MA Coverage Unlikely for Current Beneficiaries With MediGap or Medicare Only
4. Scientists Spot Eye Development Switch
5. A molecular switch is linked to a common breast cancer
6. Researchers identify unusual molecular switch for common form of advanced breast cancer
7. Cell Structure Helps Direct Cancer Gene Switch
8. Childrens Hospital researchers identify molecular switch that could save very young lives
9. Protein-dependent switch regulates intracellular trafficking in epithelial cells
10. Switch for Internal Body Clock Found
11. Women With IBS Unable to Switch Off Pain Response
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/22/2017)... ... August 22, 2017 , ... ... the addition of Zack Tisch as the firm’s new Consulting Services Executive. Mr. ... consulting firm’s national accounts, from assisting clients with initial vendor selection and pre-implementation ...
(Date:8/22/2017)... ... ... “To Walk Away”: a captivating and romantic sequel to the romantic story of ... the creation of published author, Larry R. Sherman, a retired chemistry professor from the ... as well as four novels. , Though the book opens in 1947, when ...
(Date:8/22/2017)... North Carolina (PRWEB) , ... August 22, 2017 ... ... strategic advisor. Mr. Stewart is the Founder and Managing Member for t4 Leadership ... that have become critical to his definition of “success”: physician leadership development, servant ...
(Date:8/21/2017)... Yorba Linda, Ca (PRWEB) , ... August 22, ... ... for numerous industries, but not without risk to health and safety. By learning ... risks could be eliminated. , In this webinar, attendees will gain a ...
(Date:8/21/2017)... ... ... Five chefs from local senior assisted living homes will serve Mediterranean-inspired gourmet ... be able to vote for their favorite Chef among the following: , GREECE, Chef ... Cheese Sauce & Garlic Pita Crisp, Greek Mountain Ice Tea , ITALY, Chef Gabriel ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/10/2017)... 2017  Physical Rehabilitation Network (PRN), acquired the long-standing outpatient ... Colorado . The reputable clinic will continue to be ... with his staff of four clinicians. Lipkin received his doctorate ... over 10 years of experience with a strong background in ... marks the 10th PRN clinic in and around the ...
(Date:8/8/2017)... Second-quarter 2017 revenues of $876 million and ... operations Second-quarter 2017 Branded ... Second-quarter 2017 Sterile Injectables ... Second-quarter 2017 adjusted diluted earnings per ... $0.93 Second-quarter 2017 reported ...
(Date:8/7/2017)... 7, 2017 Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE and ... that its Board of Directors has approved the payment of ... of 2017. The cash ... about October 27, 2017 to stockholders of record as of ... of dividends are subject to approval of the Board of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: