Navigation Links
Swaziland HIV incidence results announced at AIDS 2012
Date:7/27/2012

The results from a nationally representative HIV incidence study in Swaziland indicate that the national rate of new HIV infections is 2.38% among adults ages 18-49. This figure, comparable to the 2009 UNAIDS estimate of 2.66% for Swaziland adults ages 15-49, suggests that the HIV epidemic in Swaziland may have begun to stabilize in the past few years. The findings of the Swaziland HIV Incidence Measurement Survey (SHIMS) were presented today at the XIX International AIDS Conference in Washington DC.

"The country continues to have very high HIV incidence rates. Since HIV services in Swaziland are more widely available now and we understand that ART treatment prevents the spread of new infections, the Ministry of Health will use these new results to plan HIV prevention, care, and treatment programs in Swaziland," said Rejoice Nkambule, deputy director of health services public health at the Ministry of Health. SHIMS was led by the Swaziland Ministry of Health and supported by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and ICAP at Columbia University through the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

SHIMS is a multi-phase study designed to evaluate the impact of HIV prevention and treatment services in the country. The first phase of the SHIMS survey included approximately 13,000 households in Swaziland, representing a cross-section of the national population and consisting of 18,154 men and women, ages 18-49. Findings from the first phase indicated that the national prevalence of HIV in Swaziland is the highest in the world, with 31% of adults infected.

HIV-negative adults from the survey who gave permission were retested six months later and the number of new HIV infections were assessed using state-of-the-art laboratory methods. Retention rates were high, with 94% of participants completing follow-up at six months. "This is the gold standard method for measuring HIV incidence and it hasn't been attempted before at a national level," said Jessica Justman, MD, ICAP's senior technical director, and Associate Professor of Clinical Epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. While overall HIV incidence is 2.4 %, HIV incidence among women in Swaziland peaks among those 20-24 and 35-39 years old, with rates of 4.2 % and 4.1 %. Among men, HIV incidence peaks among those 30-34 years old, at 3.0 %. Not knowing the HIV status of the current partner predicts new HIV infection for both men and women and suggests prevention and treatment programs need to target this specific problem.

"SHIMS provides a remarkable epidemiologic look into the most severe national HIV epidemic in the world. Clearly, the strategic scale-up of effective HIV interventions in combination is warranted. SHIMS has established an unequivocal baseline incidence rate against which to judge the effectiveness of such strategies for an entire national population. This may not be feasible anywhere else," said Dr. Jason Reed of the CDC.

While SHIMS is primarily assessing new HIV infections, the study has several other goals such as enhancing laboratory infrastructure and strengthening research capacity in Swaziland.


'/>"/>
Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Colonoscopy screening markedly reduces colorectal cancer incidence and death
2. Worldwide Cancer Incidence Predicted to Rise 75% by 2030
3. Additional blood pressure screening may reduce incidence of CVD events and death by up to 3 percent
4. Fine tuning cardiac ablation could lead to quicker results for patients with arrhythmias
5. All-they-can-eat diet for lab mice and rats may foster inaccurate test results
6. A better way to test new treatments? Approach could help patients and give useful results
7. Green Tea Weight Loss Results and Health Benefits Revealed
8. EVINCI results could lead to 75 percent reduction of invasive procedures for patients with suspected CAD
9. Long-term testosterone treatment for men results in reduced weight and waist size
10. ACP-New York State Chapter partnership results in patient safety organization recognition
11. Tight Blood-Sugar Control Shows Mixed Results for Health of Kidneys: Study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/23/2017)... Portland, Oregon (PRWEB) , ... January 23, 2017 ... ... systems, announced today it has earned organic certification under the USDA National Organic ... the USDA Organic Certification process, we have established organic production and handling systems ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... ... “The Inn at the Mill”: a story of love and redemption, hope and uncertainty ... and content. , “The Inn at the Mill” is the creation of published author, ... and is now living in Berks County on Crow Hill. The inn, the ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... Georgia (PRWEB) , ... January 23, 2017 , ... Valentine’s Day is a time when ... their loved ones. For those who may be looking for the ideal present, Atlanta-based ... certificate and get an additional $25 free. Or, spend $200 and get $50 free. ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... FL (PRWEB) , ... January 21, 2017 , ... Caronlab ... recently attended the January ECRM Trade Show in Hilton Head, SC, where it benefited ... reputation for the quality of its beauty and wellness products. At this trade show, ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... , ... January 21, 2017 , ... ... Alumni Relations, Dianne Travis-Teague, the electrifying line-up of events for its annual meeting ... family, friends, and community. “Coming Home 2017” will be held on Friday ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/23/2017)... 23. Januar 2017  ResMed (NYSE: RMD ... 3B Medical ( Winter Haven, Florida ) ... über die Beilegung aller globalen Rechtsstreitigkeiten zwischen den Parteien ... ihrer bestehenden Produkte im Tausch gegen Lizenzgebühren an ... 3B leisten, um das in Florida ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... Jan. 23, 2017 Just two weeks remain until legal experts ... gather in Central London to discuss the flow ... in the market, Parallel Trade 2017 . In the ... of attendees which is available to read in the event download ... Some of ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... According to a new market research report "Life Science ... Component (Software, Service), Delivery (On premise, Cloud), End user (Pharmaceutical, Biotechnology, ... market is expected to reach USD 24.73 Billion by 2021 from ... the forecast period. Continue Reading ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: