Navigation Links
Survey reveals disparities in skin cancer knowledge, protection among high school students
Date:8/20/2007

In a survey of Florida high school students, white Hispanic teens were more likely to use tanning beds and less likely to consider themselves at risk for skin cancer or protect themselves from the sun than white non-Hispanic teens, according to a report in the August issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Exposure to the suns ultraviolet (UV) rays is a major risk factor for melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers, and the majority of lifetime exposure occurs by age 18, according to background information in the article. White Hispanics have a lower rate of skin cancer than white non-Hispanics, but are more likely to be diagnosed at a later stage. This suggests that there are differences in knowledge and behavior related to the prevention of skin cancer in white Hispanic and white non-Hispanic populations; therefore, we hypothesize that these differences may exist in students and may be related to early acquisition of knowledge, the authors write.

Fangchao Ma, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, and colleagues surveyed 369 Florida high school students (221 white Hispanics and 148 white non-Hispanics) about their skin cancer knowledge, perceived risk and sun protection behaviors. In addition, students were asked questions related to burning and tanning after sun exposure to determine their skin type.

Compared with white non-Hispanic students, white Hispanic students were:

  • More likely to tan deeply (44.2 percent vs. 31 percent)

  • 60 percent less likely to have heard of skin self-examination and 70 percent less likely to have been told how to perform it

  • About 1.8 times as likely to never or rarely wear sun-protective clothing

  • About twice as likely to never or rarely use sunscreen

  • Less likely to think they had an average or above-average risk for skin cancer (23.1 percent vs. 39.9 percent)

  • 2.5 times as likely to have used a tanning bed in the previous year

These differences between white Hispanic and white non-Hispanic students remained significant after age, sex, sun sensitivity and family history of skin cancer were controlled for, the authors write.

Our survey indicated that a significantly lower proportion of white Hispanics than white non-Hispanics wore sun-protective clothing or used sunscreen with a sun protection factor of 15 or higher, regardless of skin sensitivity to the sun, they conclude. Such gaps indicate that there is a need to include white Hispanic students in skin cancer prevention programs targeting young persons.

(Arch Dermatol. 2007;143(8):983-988. Available pre-embargo to the media at www.jamamedia.org.)

Editors Note: This study was supported in part by the National Institutes of Health through the Redes En Accin program. Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, financial disclosures, funding and support, etc.


Editorial: Teen Skin-Cancer Education Should Address Appearance

Teens tan because they like the effect it has on their appearance, and showing how tanning can damage the skin has been shown to help change sun-related behavior in young people, writes Ann F. Haas, M.D., of the National Coalition for Sun Safety, Sacramento, Calif., in an accompanying editorial.

The current strategy consists of providing acceptable, healthy alternatives to tanning (highlighting the positive features of the alternatives), emphasizing the negative appearance aspects of tanning and working to change the social norms regarding the tanned-is-healthy-and-attractive message, Dr. Haas writes. The message should be sex and age appropriate and include a cross section of the adolescent community, including family, school settings, health care providers and the media.

(Arch Dermatol. 2007;143(8):1058-1061. Available pre-embargo to the media at www.jamamedia.org.)

Editors Note: Please see the article for additional information, including author contributions and affiliations, financial disclosures, funding and support, etc.


'/>"/>

Contact: Lisa Worley
305-243-5184
JAMA and Archives Journals
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Eating disorder... a survey
2. Over Six Million HIV Infected People In South Africa- Finds A Survey
3. Happiness Survey
4. Survey shows how bipolar disorder affects the quality of life for patients
5. Rural India shows apathy towards dental problems: Survey
6. Survey finds that discussion with family very crucial in organ donation decision
7. Insomnia Hits Many Canadians: Survey
8. Over 400 CRPF Men Addicted to Drugs and Alcohol: Survey
9. Scotland Ranked As Sickest Area Of UK: Survey
10. Americans Not Interested In Choosing Sex Of Child: Survey
11. Ignorance about AIDS rampart in Third of College Students: Chinese survey
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... Each year ... medicine. Allison Outerbridge is this year’s Life University winner of a ... the university’s Student Leadership Awards ceremony. , Outerbridge is approaching her last quarter ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... Cabot Corporation, Pfizer, and 3M are ... court documents and SEC filings. A jury has returned a verdict of ... Corporation, Case No. BC588866, Los Angeles County, California. The jury awarded $22.8 million ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... 2016 , ... The Woodlands at John Knox Village , Florida’s first ... for living and healing, celebrated its grand opening, today. The Woodlands at John Knox ... by Empowered Staff. , “This is an incredibly fulfilling time for John Knox Village ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... the Foundation Fighting Blindness, Long Island Chapter on June 4, 2016, 1:30-3:30 pm ... Dr. Maisel, founder of Retina Group of New York , is a ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Eating Recovery Center, Washington ... opening a brand new child and adolescent residential treatment center on June 1. ... even more specialized eating disorder treatment and access to life-saving care. , To ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... 2016 ARANZ Medical  Ltd a ... sector, has been named the Coretex Hi-Tech Emerging Company of ... Dr Bruce Davey , CEO of ARANZ Medical ... really good to be recognised for the work we are ... used in 35 countries around the world from Sub-Saharan Africa ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... -- The innovator of COMBO ... s first dual therapy stent, introduces catheters for lower ... a global company specializing in the provision of life-changing ... to treat peripheral artery disease. The JADE™ and Scoreflex™ ... lower limb and arteriovenous (AV) fistula intervention. ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... May 24, 2016 Dutch surgeons have launched ... around the world and treat patients on a global scale. Medical ... , Asia and the US have already ... messaging and networking in a totally secure environment. Education  ... war zone working together with a surgeon at Harvard to treat ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: