Navigation Links
Surgery, Illness Not Linked to Mental Decline in Seniors
Date:10/30/2009

New findings contradict previous reports of increased risks of dementia

FRIDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Illness and surgery don't contribute to long-term cognitive decline in seniors and don't accelerate progression of dementia, researchers say.

The findings of a new study, published in the November issue of Anesthesiology, challenge the widely held belief that elderly patients suffer major deterioration in mental function after surgery.

"The concerns surrounding postoperative cognitive decline (POCD) following surgery certainly will not evaporate following publication of this study," researcher Michael S. Avidan, of the Washington University School of Medicine, said in a news release from the American Society of Anesthesiologists. "The important message to take from these findings is that persistent cognitive deterioration following surgery might not be a major public health problem. The decision to proceed with surgery should presently be made based on a person's general health and the specific risks and benefits of the procedure."

For the study, Avidan and colleagues looked at 575 patients tested annually at Washington University's Alzheimer Disease Research Center. At the start of the study, 361 patients had very mild or mild dementia and 214 were dementia-free. The patients were divided into three groups -- those who'd undergone non-cardiac surgery, those with illness, and those with neither.

Long-term follow-up showed no difference in cognitive decline among the three groups. Patients with dementia did have a more marked cognitive decline than those without dementia. Among those without dementia at the start of the study, 23 percent developed detectable cognitive impairment during the study period, but the decline was not more common among those who had surgery or illness, the researchers found.

"With mounting basic science studies implicating POCD as a real phenomenon, coupled with long-term outcome studies associating POCD with increased mortality, it is now imperative to conduct properly designed studies with meaningful clinical endpoints to determine whether any specific surgery, anesthetic technique or patient characteristic might be independently associated with long-term POCD," Avidan said.

More information

The AGS Foundation for Health in Aging has more about surgery and hospitalization.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: American Society of Anesthesiologists, news release, Oct. 26, 2009


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Body Image Has Little Influence on Desire for Plastic Surgery, ASPS Study Reveals
2. OHSU researchers: Surgery, radiation gives early survival advantage in bile duct cancer
3. Donde West Death Highlights Unnecessary Risk of General Anesthesia for Cosmetic Surgery, Asserts Dr. Friedberg
4. Donde West Likely Killed by Need to Control Postop Pain After Cosmetic Surgery, States Dr. Barry Friedberg, a Globally Recognized Leader in Cosmetic Surgery Anesthesia.
5. Use of intraoperative MRI adds time but care-changing information to neurosurgery, study shows
6. Croft & Bender Advises Atlanta-based Alliance Surgery, Inc. in Its Acquisition by HealthMark Partners, Inc. of Nashville
7. USHIFU, LLC Completes Acquisition of Focus Surgery, Inc.
8. Dr. Karen E. Boyle Joins Chesapeake Urology Associates as Director of Reproductive Medicine and Surgery, Sexuality and Aesthetics
9. Neurological Surgery, P.C. of Long Island, NY Announces the Addition of Pediatric Neurosurgeon, Elizabeth M. Trinidad, M.D.
10. Surgery, Anesthesia & Your Brain, Not the Cache of Sex, Drugs, and Rock n Roll
11. Park Meadows Cosmetic Surgery, a Pioneer in DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction Surgery in Colorado, Introduces New, Informative Website
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/13/2016)... Montreal, Canada (PRWEB) , ... February 13, 2016 , ... ... best foot forward. They’ll groom themselves to perfection, go out of their way to ... their date – just take a look at any online dating profile. , ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Washington, DC (PRWEB) , ... ... ... the Siemens Foundation today announced a new initiative—the Siemens Foundation-PATH Ingenuity Fellowships—to ... settings. The partnership will recruit top students from U.S. universities who will ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... be. With a hectic schedule, a demanding job, and no time to decompress, Rabinowitz ... there, she dedicated herself to meditation for its impact on her life, implementing a ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Every winter, someone is killed, ... the West Penn Burn Center, part of the Allegheny Health Network, has ... bring you the “Space Heaters Need Space” campaign. , “Space Heaters Need ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Erlanger Agency has announced a new partnership ... The latest campaign focuses on the fight against breast cancer, fundraising for a local ... here . , Carmen is a loving single mother of two boys who ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... MONTREAL , February 12, 2016 ... sofern nicht anders vermerkt)   ... Unternehmens http://www.telestatherapeutics.com abrufbar.    ... Website des Unternehmens http://www.telestatherapeutics.com ... Inc. (TSX:TST; PNK:BNHLF) veröffentlichte heute seinen Konzernabschluss ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... 2016  SI-BONE, Inc., a medical device company that pioneered the ... invasive surgical (MIS) device indicated for fusion for certain disorders of ... the Medicare Administrative Contractor (MAC) covering the states of ... , Massachusetts , Minnesota ... , Rhode Island , Vermont ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... 2016  Memorial Hermann Health System has teamed up ... to bring a one-of-a-kind experience to pediatric patients at ... such as 360-degree video and Google Cardboard, Howard was ... – giving the patients and their families an unexpected, ... caught on video . Memorial Hermann ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: