Navigation Links
Substance Abuse Hinders TB Treatment
Date:1/27/2009

Almost 1 in 5 users have more contagious disease that's harder to control, study says

TUESDAY, Jan. 27 (HealthDay News) -- The almost 20 percent of tuberculosis patients in the United States who say they abuse alcohol or illicit drugs are more contagious and difficult to treat than other TB patients, a new study shows.

Researchers analyzed data from 153,268 patients aged 15 or older. Of those patients, 28,650 (18.7 percent) reported substance abuse. That's a greater percentage than any other established risk factor for TB, including recent immigration to the United States (12.9 percent), HIV infection (9.5 percent), living in a group setting (6.6 percent), homelessness (6.3 percent), or working in a high-risk job (4.3 percent).

Among TB patients not infected with HIV, those who reported substance abuse were 1.8 times more likely to have a more contagious form of TB. Among women with TB, substance abusers were 2.4 times more likely to experience treatment failure.

The findings were published in the Jan. 26 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

"Our results suggest that substance abuse is the most commonly reported modifiable behavior impeding TB elimination efforts in the United States," John E. Oeltmann, of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and colleagues, wrote in a news release from the journal.

"The relation between substance abuse and increased transmission of (TB) can be explained in several ways, some of which are indirect and revolve around delayed diagnosis and difficulties identifying at-risk contacts, screening them for TB and treating patients with positive findings," the researchers noted. "Persons who abuse substances may have less access to routine medical care, potentially leading to delayed diagnoses. As the disease progresses, patients tend to become more contagious."

The study authors also said substance abusers are less likely to be screened for TB or to begin or complete TB treatment, problems compounded by the fact that substance abusers have weakened immune systems. In addition, TB medications are usually metabolized by the liver, which can be damaged by substance abuse.

"Tuberculosis control and substance abuse programs need to work together to simultaneously treat the diseases of addiction and TB," the researchers concluded.

More information

The American Lung Association has more about tuberculosis.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: JAMA/Archives journals, news release, Jan. 26, 2009


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Overwhelming Grief From Loss of Child Can Cause Substance Abuse in Women
2. Rite Aid Corporation and Subsidiaries Agree to Pay $5 Million in Civil Penalties to Resolve Violations in Eight States of the Controlled Substances Act
3. Substance abuse adds millions to Medicaids total health care costs
4. National rates of co-occurring substance use and mental disorders call for better service integration
5. Glowing Substance Lights Up Cancer in Mice
6. Substance in Red Grapes and Wine Key to Alzheimer's Disease
7. Substance tackles skin cancer from 2 sides
8. Sobriety Rocks: Celebrity Rehab Staff Joins Bianca Center for Substance Abuse
9. Adolescent insomnia linked to depression and substance abuse during adolescence and young adulthood
10. E-prescribing of Controlled Substances Moves Real-Time Prescription Drug Monitoring Toward Reality
11. California Drug Rehab Program Launches New Life Skills Classes to Young Adults as Substance Abuse Treatment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Substance Abuse Hinders TB Treatment 
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... ... Intellitec Solutions announced the publication of a case study ... solution that integrates to their PointClickCare EHR software package. With the guidance of ... now has the capability to achieve its goal for a comprehensive EHR solution, ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Semrock’s highly popular SearchLight ... online modeling resource for fluorescence microscopists and optical system designers, enabling The Right ... years spanning the globe, SearchLight has become a tremendously popular tool for the ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 27, 2017 , ... Healthcare companies ... But they will rapidly reject an outdated healthcare executive resume. , “If you’re a ... at your executive resume and wondering if it’s as ready as you are for ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... SyncDog, ... sponsorship at MobileIron Live! 2017 in Santa Clara, California. Each year, ... educational approach to helping organizations maximize the benefits of mobility in their operations ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... Plastic Surgery Associates is excited to ... to present at the upcoming Aesthetic Meeting. Held in San Diego, at the San ... and Canales will lend their expertise to the Premier Global Hot Topics session, speaking ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... Corporation (TSX: CRH) (NYSE MKT: CRHM) (the "Company"), announces that it will ... at the Sheraton Hotel in Toronto, Ontario . ... Company is scheduled to present on Tuesday, May 2 at 10:00 ... of the Board, Tony Holler will also attend the ... For more details about ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... April 19, 2017 Global Prostate Cancer ... on the prostate cancer therapeutics market analyzes the ... Increasing prevalence of prostate cancer, launch of promising ... development of new drugs & therapeutic biological products, ... due to lesser side effects are some of ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... BOSTON , April 19, 2017  New research provides ... with advanced Parkinson,s, according to a study released today that ... 69th Annual Meeting in Boston , ... comes to the treatment of Parkinson,s disease, the oral drug ... of life and longevity. But as the disease progresses, the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: