Navigation Links
Study supports intracerebral stem cell injections to prevent/reduce post-stroke cognitive deficits

Amsterdam, NL, August 23, 2013 Cognitive deficits following ischemic stroke are common and debilitating, even in the relatively few patients who are treated expeditiously so that clots are removed or dissolved rapidly and cerebral blood flow restored. A new study in Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience demonstrates that intracerebral injection of bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BSCs) reduces cognitive deficits produced by temporary occlusion of cerebral blood vessels in a rat model of stroke, suggesting that BSCs may offer a new approach for reducing post-stroke cognitive dysfunction.

According to the American Heart Association, almost half of ischemic stroke survivors older than 65 years of age experience cognitive deficits, contributing to functional impairments, dependence, and increased mortality. The incidence of cognitive deficits triples after stroke and about one quarter of cognitively impaired stroke patients' progress to dementia. For these reasons, "there is an underlying need for restorative therapies," says lead investigator Gary L. Dunbar, PhD, of the Field Neurosciences Institute Laboratory for Restorative Neurology, and Director of the Central Michigan University Program in Neuroscience.

In order to see whether mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow could attenuate or prevent cognitive problems following a stroke-like ischemic event, the investigators mimicked stroke in rats by injecting the hormone endothelin-1 (ET-1) directly into the brain in order to constrict nearby blood vessels and block blood flow temporarily. Control animals underwent similar surgery but were injected with saline, not ET-1.

Seven days after the "stroke", some of the rats received intrastriatal injections of BSC, while others received control injections. Cognition was evaluated using a spatial operant reversal task (SORT), in which the animals were trained to press a lever a certain number of times when it was illuminated to receive a food reward.

The investigators found that animals that underwent a stroke but were then injected with BSC made significantly fewer incorrect lever presses than stroke rats who received control injections. In fact, the BSC-treated stroke animals performed as well as those who did not have a stroke. "Importantly, there were no significant between-group differences in the total number of lever presses, indicating the deficits observed were cognitive, rather than motor in nature," said Dr. Dunbar. No differences were observed in infarct size between the BMMSC-treated and control groups.

The authors emphasize that the BMMSCs were effective even when transplanted seven days after the induced stroke, a finding that offers hope to patients who may not present for treatment immediately. The authors suggest that BMMSCs may work by creating a microenvironment that provides trophic support to remaining viable cells, perhaps by releasing substances such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF).


Contact: Daphne Watrin
IOS Press

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers from Mount Sinai receive NIH grant to study promising treatment for Autism subtype
2. Recent Kwiksure Study Suggests Expat Drivers in Hong Kong More Likely to Make Traffic Accident Claims Than Locals
3. Gallo Center study in mice links cocaine use to new brain structures
4. Study finds genomic differences in types of cervical cancer
5. LSUHSC study reports racial/ethnic differences in young people with cancer
6. 246 Study Participants Reported the Health Benefits of the TA-65 Telomerase Activator
7. Single injection may revolutionize melanoma treatment, Moffitt study shows
8. Study helps explain increased melanoma risk in individuals with red hair
9. UCLA Nursing study suggests focus on lifestyle changes -- not weight loss -- is key to kids health
10. Study finds grandmothers who raise their grandkids struggle with depression
11. Study: Disease caused by repeat brain trauma in athletes may affect memory, mood, behavior
Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/25/2016)... Lewisville, TX (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... in the United States, named Dr. Sesan Ogunleye, as the Medical Director of its ... be the facility Medical Director of our new Mesquite location,” said Dr. James M. ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... Conventional wisdom ... of success. In terms of the latter, setting the bar too high can result ... more than just slow progress toward their goal. , Research from ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Marcy was in a crisis. Her son James, eight, was out of ... verbally and physically. , “When something upset him, he couldn’t control his emotions,” remembers Marcy. ... throw rocks at my other children and say he was going to kill them. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... , ... Comfort Keepers® of San Diego, CA is excited to announce they ... to drive cancer patients to and from their cancer treatments. Comfort Keepers provides ... life and ongoing independence. Getting to and from medical treatments is one of ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... The Haute Beauty Network, affiliated with ... as a prominent plastic surgeon and the network’s newest partner. , Dr. ... handsome men, look naturally attractive. Plastic surgery should be invisible.” He stands by ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016  MedSource announced today that ... e-clinical software solution of choice.  This latest decision ... value to their clients by offering a state-of-the-art ... relationship establishes nowEDC as the EDC platform of ... full-service clients.  "nowEDC has long been a preferred ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Calif. , June 23, 2016 Any dentist ... many challenges of the current process. Many of them do ... of the technical difficulties and high laboratory costs involved. And ... to offer it at such a high cost that the ... it. Dr. Parsa Zadeh , founder of ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... -- In a startling report released today, National Safety Council ... comprehensive, proven plan to eliminate prescription opioid overdoses. Prescription ... are tackling the worst drug crisis in recorded U.S. history, assigned ... Kentucky , New Mexico , ... 28 failing states, three – Michigan , ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: