Navigation Links
Study shows ultrasound and tPA effective for stroke
Date:2/19/2009

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. An experimental therapy using tiny bubbles activated by transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound combined with the clot busting drug tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is more effective than tPA alone in treating patients suffering from ischemic stroke, according to new research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference in San Diego.

The findings, presented by Andrei Alexandrov, M.D., director of the UAB (University of Alabama at Birmingham) Comprehensive Stroke Center, and Carlos Molina, M.D., of the Vall d'Hebron Hospital in Barcelona, Spain, show that patients can be treated safely with TCD in combination with a specific dose of the bubbles, called microspheres, and tPA.

The microspheres, developed by ImaRx Therapeutics, are tiny gas-filled lipid structures that cavitate (rapidly expand and collapse) when exposed to ultrasound waves, helping to reopen blocked arteries and restore blood flow.

"These findings demonstrate that ultrasound combined with microspheres and tPA can be tested further in a pivotal clinical trial with the goal of providing a more effective treatment option for stroke patients by promoting faster clearing of blocked blood vessels as well as improved patient outcomes," said Alexandrov, UAB professor of neurology. "It's very promising to see such results, which support the potential of this therapy as a more effective and expansive therapy for stroke patients."

The Phase 1/2 trial involved 35 patients and evaluated two different doses of ImaRx's MRX-801 microspheres. Cohort I and cohort II patients received 1.4 mL and 2.8 mL of microspheres respectively. Control patients received the standard dose of tPA alone.

The researchers report that complete recanalization was achieved in 120 minutes in 67 percent of cohort I patients, in 46 percent of cohort II patients and 33 percent of control patients. Dramatic clinical recovery has achieved in 45 percent of cohort I, 10 percent of cohort II and 27 percent of controls.

In addition, clinical improvement after 90 days was reported in 75 percent of cohort I, 50 percent of cohort II and 36 percent of controls.

According to the American Heart Association, approximately one-third of adults in the United States have some form of cardiovascular disease. Approximately 700,000 adults in the U.S., are afflicted with, and 150,000 die as a result of, some form of stroke each year.

Stroke is the third leading cause of death, and the leading cause of disability, in the United States. The vast majority of strokes are ischemic strokes, meaning that they are caused by blood clots, while the remainder are the more deadly hemorrhagic strokes caused by bleeding in the brain.


'/>"/>

Contact: Bob Shepard
bshep@uab.edu
205-934-8934
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New Study Suggests Beta-Carotene Supplementation May Help Preserve Cognition in Men
2. JAMA article contends earlier study overstated validity of findings on bisphenol A
3. New iPod listening study shows surprising behavior of teens
4. Study calls for increased research in flu transmission to prepare for pandemic flu outbreak
5. Statins Pay Off on a Health-Policy Level, UCSF Study Finds
6. Major study on DiagnoCures GCC biomarker published in Jama
7. Dosing Begins in Phase 1 Clinical Study Evaluating NKTR-105 in Cancer Patients With Refractory Solid Tumors
8. Newly Published Menopause Study: Bioidentical and FDA-Approved Divigel(R) (estradiol gel) 0.1 Percent Safe and Effective Treatment for Moderate to Severe Hot Flashes Associated With Menopause
9. New Study Shares Benchmarks for Medical Science Liaisons: Gaining Access and Forging Relationships with Key Opinion Leaders
10. Study finds that using wakefulness tests to detect daytime sleepiness in drivers may be unreliable
11. Study finds behavioral link between insomnia and tension-type headaches
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... Bruton Memorial Library on June 21 due to a possible lice infestation, as reported by ... lice: the parasite’s ability to live away from a human host, and to infest common ... the event that lice have simply gotten out of control. , As lice are a ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... On Friday, June 10, Van Mitchell, Secretary of the Maryland ... iHire in recognition of their exemplary accomplishments in worksite health promotion. , The Wellness ... & Wellness Symposium at the BWI Marriott in Linthicum Heights. iHire was one of ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... Marcy was in a crisis. Her son James, eight, was out of control. Prone to ... , “When something upset him, he couldn’t control his emotions,” remembers Marcy. “If there ... my other children and say he was going to kill them. If we were ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Topical BioMedics, Inc, makers of Topricin and MyPainAway Pain Relief Products, join ... wage raise to $12 an hour by 2020 and then adjusting it yearly to increase ... of the minimum wage, assure the wage floor does not erode again, and make future ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... actively feeding the Frederick area economy by obtaining investment capital for emerging technology ... past 2½ years that have already resulted in more than a million dollars ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... to their offering. ... World Market for Companion Diagnostics covers the world market for ... report includes the following: , World IVD ... (N. America, EU, ROW), 2015-2020 , World IVD Companion ...
(Date:6/24/2016)...  Arkis BioSciences, a leading innovator in the ... cerebrospinal fluid treatments, today announced it has secured ... led by Innova Memphis, followed by Angel Capital ... Arkis, new financing will accelerate the commercialization of ... of its in-licensed Endexo® technology. ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 ... "Pharmaceutical Excipients Market by Type (Organic Chemical (Sugar, ... Formulation (Oral, Topical, Coating, Parenteral) - Global Forecast to ... The global pharmaceutical excipients market ... at a CAGR of 6.1% in the forecast period ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: