Navigation Links
Study reveals new mechanism that might promote cancer's growth and spread in the body
Date:7/10/2012

  • Researchers have discovered a previously unknown mechanism that promotes the growth and spread of cancer.
  • The mechanism involves a new role for small regulatory molecules called microRNA.
  • The findings suggest a new strategy for treating cancer and perhaps diseases of the immune system.

COLUMBUS, Ohio Tiny vesicles released by tumors cells are taken up by healthy immune cells, causing the immune cells to discharge chemicals that foster cancer-cell growth and spread, according to a study by researchers at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC James) and at Children's Hospital in Los Angeles.

The study uses lung cancer cells to show that the vesicles contain potent regulatory molecules called microRNA, and that the uptake of these molecules by immune cells alters their behavior. The process in humans involves a fundamental receptor of the immune system called Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8).

The findings, published in the early edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, suggest a new strategy for treating cancer and diseases of the immune system, the researchers say, and a new role for microRNA in the body.

"This study reveals a new function of microRNA, which we show binds to a protein receptor," says principal investigator Dr. Carlo Croce, director of Ohio State's Human Cancer Genetics program and a member of the OSUCCC James Molecular Biology and Cancer Genetics program. "This tells us that some cancer-released microRNAs can bind and activate a receptor in a hormone-like fashion, and this has not been seen before."

MicroRNAs help control the type and amount of proteins that cells make, and they typically do this by binding with the messenger-RNA that encodes a protein.

"In this study we discovered a completely new mechanism used by cancer to grow and spread, therefore we can develop new drugs that fight tumors by entering this newly identified breach in cancer's fortress," says co-corresponding author and first author Dr. Muller Fabbri, assistant professor of Pediatrics and Molecular Biology and Immunology at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California.

"Equally exciting, we show that this mechanism involves a fundamental receptor of the immune system, TLR8, suggesting that the implications of this discovery may extend to other diseases such as autoimmune and inflammatory diseases," Fabbri says.

Key findings of the study include the following:

  • Lung tumor cells secrete microRNA-21 and microRNA-29a in vesicles called exosomes, and these exosomes are taken up by immune cells called macrophages located where tumor tissue abuts normal tissue.

  • In human macrophages, microRNA-29a and microRNA-21 bind with TLR8, causing the macrophages to secrete tumor-necrosis-factor alpha and interleukin-6, two cytokines that promote inflammation.

  • Increased levels of the two cytokines were associated with an increase in the number of tumors per lung in an animal model, while a drop in those levels led to a drop in the number per lung, suggesting that they also play a role in metastasis.


'/>"/>

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
Darrell.Ward@osumc.edu
614-293-3737
Ohio State University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New CDC study on racial disparities in infant mortality published in Journal of Womens Health
2. Police officer stress creates significant health risks, study finds
3. Nutrient Drink Might Boost Memory in Early Alzheimers: Study
4. Doctors overlook chemical illnesses, study finds
5. U.S. High Schools Lax in Preventing Dating Abuse: Study
6. Expensive, Drug-Emitting Stents May Be Overused: Study
7. Study suggests new screening method for sudden death in athletes
8. Einstein receives nearly $5 million to study how Ebola causes infection
9. UCLA study to determine if copper surfaces can reduce hospital-acquired infections
10. Uncircumcised Boys at Higher Risk for Infection: Study
11. Babies With Pets Not Dogged by Colds: Study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2017)... Washington, DC (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2017 ... ... Unplanned Pregnancy (The National Campaign) announces its support for the Access to ... by Sen. Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) and Rep. Jackie Speier (D-CA), will help to ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... ... integration of Microsoft(R) Word(TM) Online(TM), which enables sleep physicians to create and edit ... the reporting process and provides a familiar interface that does not require additional ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Getting enough sleep affects much more than energy – ... just 19 hours without sleep can compromise motor reaction time, which can increase the risk ... Insurance is sharing the following tips from the NSF to help you sleep better and ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Ushio America proudly introduces the ... instant energy-saving solution for F32T8 fluorescent lamps on most instant-start and programmed-start electronic ... hour rated lamps utilize the existing electronic ballast, saving labor and maintenance costs. ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Children ... to more adverse experiences than children in the general population. That’s because foster ... neglect or other family challenges. While no fault of their own, youth who ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/26/2017)... , April 26, 2017 Phoenix Marketing Solutions ... fifteenth year of fulfilling its mission of transforming science into ... highly scrutinized, Phoenix,s innovative approach supports ... community about the latest advances in science and medicine — ... was founded in 2002 by Tracy Doyle ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... England , April 24, 2017 ... development, today announced the addition of a major ... ,Validated In-situ Plate Seeding,). The VIPS has been ... and 384 well microplates as part of the ... system offers a simple and more reliable solution ...
(Date:4/20/2017)...  Vivify Health, the pioneer and market leader of ... very significant patent for the advancement of healthcare delivery ... digital health.  This landmark patent provides the company with ... Vivify,s position as the leader in remote care.  ... company to apply consumer mobile devices, wireless biometrics, EMR ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: