Navigation Links
Study of ancient and modern plagues finds common features
Date:11/21/2008

ons to microbes against which they have no pre-existing immunity. This last factor played a key role in the smallpox epidemic that afflicted the Aztecs of 16th century Mexico. Smallpox had ravaged European communities for centuries, but until the Spanish arrived on the Yucatan coast in 1519, the disease was unknown in the New World. Historians believe that some 3.5 million people in central Mexico died in the first year of the epidemic.

Epidemics also can spur advances in public health, note the authors. They point to the yellow fever epidemics of 1793-98, which began in the then-U.S. capital, Philadelphia. Though the entire federal government and most Philadelphians fled, those who remained formed an emergency government and mobilized such marginalized groups as African-Americans and immigrants to fight the outbreak. In 1798, Congress established the Marine Hospital Systemforerunner of the modern U.S. Public Health Serviceto provide, at public expense, medical care for sick and injured merchant seamen. Historians generally agree that a prime impetus for creating the Marine Hospital System was the yellow fever epidemics.

Modern epidemiology began in reaction to another epidemic, says Dr. Morens. In the early 1830s, as cholera made its way along waterways from Asia towards Europe, French officials attempted to prepare their country in advance of an outbreak. Teams of scientists were sent to Poland and Russia to observe the outbreaks there. Throughout France, coastal health agencies and new quarantine stations were established; in Paris, a network of health inspection offices was created to coordinate inspection of wells, cesspools and latrines of both public and private buildings. Despite these efforts, cholera arrived in Paris on March 29, 1832, with explosive effectwithin two weeks, there were 1,000 cases, 85 percent of them fatal. Daily newspapers published lists of cases allowing armchair epidemiologists to see trends in illness and deaths. "F
'/>"/>

Contact: Anne A. Oplinger
aoplinger@niaid.nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related medicine news :

1. Physicians Anticipate Higher Prescribing Based on JUPITER Study
2. New Study Data: JANUVIA™ (sitagliptin) Significantly Reduced Blood Sugar Levels and Was Not Associated with Hypoglycemia in Elderly Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
3. STAAR Surgical Forms Team of Leading Ophthalmic Surgeons to Study the Use of Collamer(R) Material for Accommodating Intraocular Lenses
4. Landmark study defines benefits of early HIV testing and treatment for infected infants
5. Study identifies causes of bone loss in breast cancer survivors
6. New Study by BioTrends Highlights Practice Management Shifts Among Canadian Nephrologists
7. Study Suggests Need for More Aggressive Outpatient Monitoring of Patients Hearts When Cause of Stroke is Unclear
8. Rutgers researchers study cites media violence as critical risk factor for aggression
9. Brigham and Womens Researchers Partner with Vocantas to use CallAssure in Clinical Research Study
10. Analyst Available to Comment on New JUPITER Study That Shows AstraZenecas Crestor Significantly Reduces CV Risk
11. New Study Finds CO2 Ablative Fractional Resurfacing Safe And Effective For Deep Acne Scarring
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/22/2014)... July 22, 2014 The hair ... are now offering robotic assisted laser therapy and ... solutions for men and women suffering from hair ... they now offer Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) procedures ... robot. With this new technology, their doctors use ...
(Date:7/22/2014)... 22, 2014 The physical demands of ... plyometrics, powerlifting, gymnastics, kettleball lifting, calisthenics, and strongman exercises ... Jason Sobzcak, co-owner of CrossFit East Cobb, ... because extreme workouts like these require high quality supplementation. ... I need to take in about 160 grams of ...
(Date:7/21/2014)... On Monday, September 22, 2014 Push to ... Mike McGuriman-Motorola Solutions at The Knoll West Country Club, Knoll ... and lunch at 11 a.m. The price of $225 ... increases to $250 after September 7th. Non-golfers and guests ... The dinner will include a special silent and live ...
(Date:7/21/2014)... 22, 2014 iFitDress.com, a famous company ... has announced its exclusive collection of 2014 glitter ... promotion for its brand new gowns. , iFitDress.com is ... current market. Its sales boomed in the recent years, ... but also because of the amicable services offered on ...
(Date:7/21/2014)... Cannabis Now Magazine recently announced that the publication ... these festivals, they will strengthen their relationship with the ... attendees in an effort to continue their mission to ... beneficial side of cannabis. , The publication will be ... Expo in Anaheim, the Champs Trade Show in Las ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:WeGrowHair.com/PAI Medical Group Introduces Robotic Assisted Laser Therapy to Treat Hair Loss 2Health News:CrossFit East Cobb Fuels Their Intense Workouts with All-Natural EnergyFirst Supplements 2Health News:CrossFit East Cobb Fuels Their Intense Workouts with All-Natural EnergyFirst Supplements 3Health News:7th Annual Push to Walk Golf Outing to Be Held September 22nd 2Health News:iFitDress.com: 2014 Glitter Evening Dresses For Worldwide Clients 2Health News:Cannabis Now Magazine Hits the Marijuana Festival Circuit and Sponsors Two Major Events 2
... resolves dispute with Keibler-Thompson Co. after jury awarded $3.2 million to ... ... Nexis) October 6, 2008 -- Attorneys in the law firm of ... injury case on behalf of a Maryland welder who was awarded ...
... MA...Free prescription drug samples distributed to children may be ... Health Alliance and Hasbro Children,s Hospital. The national study, ... among children, appears in the October 2008 issue of ... serve as researchers at Harvard Medical School and the ...
... spider as it scurries across the floor. Those who ... a plane. While nothing physically stops people with these ... at hand. , The same could be said for obese ... presented at the Obesity Society,s Annual Meeting on Oct. 5. ...
... -- It,s no secret that reading is beneficial. But can ... look at the impact of literature on obese adolescents, researchers ... of novel may make a difference. , The Duke researchers ... in a comprehensive weight loss program to read an age-appropriate ...
... The American Academy of,Pediatrics (AAP) has elected ... its new President-Elect. The AAP is the nation,s ... care,pediatricians, pediatric medical subspecialists and pediatric surgical,specialists., ... the October 2008 AAP,National Conference and Exhibition (NCE) ...
... Kovas of the Coachella Valley to be Featured on ... Specially-Marked Kellogg,s Products, ... key suppliers, has committed $240,000 in donations for,Southern California breast ... A two-week sales promotion currently running in all Ralphs ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Miller, Murtha & Psoras Secures Multimillion-Dollar Settlement for Victim of Industrial Accident at Bethlehem Steel 2Health News:Free drug samples carry risks for children 2Health News:Mental barriers hamper obese women's efforts to get exercise 2Health News:Duke researchers show reading can help obese kids lose weight 2Health News:American Academy of Pediatrics Elects a New Leader 2Health News:Ralphs to Invest $240,000 for Breast Cancer Awareness 2
(Date:7/21/2014)... , July 21, 2014 Companies that ... and braces, often contact consumers directly about purchasing ... authorized such use. The American Osteopathic Association,s House ... unsolicited requests from companies that supply Durable Medical ... discussed between the physician and the patient. ...
(Date:7/21/2014)... PORTLAND, Oregon , July 21, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... by Allied Market Research titled, "Global biosimilars/follow-on-biologics market ... Trends, Company Profiles, Demand, Insights, Analysis, Research, Report, ... that the global biosimilars market would reach $35 ... in 2013. Deeper penetration with clearer regulatory pathways ...
(Date:7/21/2014)... BELMONT, Calif. , July 21, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... world,s first fluid-based accommodating intraocular lens, today announced ... Allen, Mosbacher, and Law Chair of Ophthalmology, and ... has joined the company,s Scientific Advisory Board. ... honors, including the American Academy of Ophthalmology Lifetime ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:American Osteopathic Association Calls for Eliminating Unsolicited Requests to Purchase Medical Equipment 2Biosimilars/Follow-on-Biologics Market is Expected to Reach $35 Billion, Globally, by 2020 2Biosimilars/Follow-on-Biologics Market is Expected to Reach $35 Billion, Globally, by 2020 3Biosimilars/Follow-on-Biologics Market is Expected to Reach $35 Billion, Globally, by 2020 4PowerVision Appoints Ophthalmology Thought Leader Douglas D. Koch, M.D. to its Scientific Advisory Board 2PowerVision Appoints Ophthalmology Thought Leader Douglas D. Koch, M.D. to its Scientific Advisory Board 3PowerVision Appoints Ophthalmology Thought Leader Douglas D. Koch, M.D. to its Scientific Advisory Board 4
Wet-Field Hemostatic Eraser bipolar tip, packsize is 10/box....
... of foldable intraocular lenses. The instrument consists ... under the implant and divides the implant ... support both halves of the lens so ... the anterior chamber is avoided. The instrument ...
Shafts angled 8 mm from tip to bend with smooth jaws. Flat, cross action handle with holes and dull finish....
Bi-angled insertion jaws designed to enhance surgeon comfort and efficiency. Reverse action releases lens when handle is compressed. Made in titanium....
Medicine Products: