Navigation Links
Study links large waist size to higher diabetes rates among Americans
Date:10/6/2010

A higher rate of diabetes seen among adult Americans when compared to peers in England is explained primarily by a larger waist size rather than conventional risk factors such as obesity, according to a new study by researchers from the RAND Corporation, University College London and the Institute for Fiscal Studies in London.

Researchers say the findings offer more evidence that accumulating fat around the mid-section poses a health risk and suggests that studies of diabetes risk should emphasize waist size along with traditional risk factors.

"Americans carry more fat around their middle sections than the English, and that was the single factor that explained most of the higher rate of diabetes seen in the United States, especially among American women," said James P. Smith, one of the study's author and corporate chair of economics at RAND, a nonprofit research organization. "Waist size is the missing new risk factor we should be studying."

Other authors of the study are James Banks of the Institute for Fiscal Studies, and Meena Kumari and Paolo Zaninotto of the Department of Epidemiology at University College London. The findings were published online by the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Researchers say that Americans middle-aged and older are significantly more likely to suffer from diabetes compared to their peers in England despite a similar standard of living. About 16 percent of American men report having diabetes as compared to 11 percent of English men. About 14 percent of American women have diabetes, compared to 7 percent among English women.

An earlier study co-authored by Banks and Smith demonstrated that middle-aged Americans are less healthy than their English counterparts, although medical spending in the United States is more than twice as high as it is in the United Kingdom.

Analyzing studies about the health and lifestyles of large numbers people from the United States and England, researchers found no association between higher diabetes rates in the United States based upon conventional risk factors such as age, smoking, socio-economic status or body mass index, the commonly used ratio of height and weight that is used to measure obesity and over-weight.

The conventional risk factors for diabetes were similar among both the American and English populations. Americans had slightly higher scores on body mass index and were a little older. The English were less educated and more likely to have smoked.

However, American men had waists that averaged 3 centimeters larger than their English peers and the waists of American women were 5 centimeters bigger than English women. American women were significantly more likely to face higher risk because of their waist size when compared to English women (69 percent to 56 percent), while American men had only a slightly higher waist risk than their English peers.

The higher waist size of Americans posed more risk compared to their English peers across most body mass index categories. For example, among women with normal weight, 41 percent of American women were categorized as having high waist risk compared to 9 percent of English women.

The study concludes that waist circumference explains a substantial proportion of the higher diabetes rate in America for men and virtually all the higher rate seen among women.

Researchers say there may be many reasons why Americans have larger waists than their English peers. It may be caused by different rates of physical activities through exercise or daily activities, diet differences or perhaps other social and environmental factors such as stress that occur in the United States.

Researchers say that future research needs to address the different mechanisms that may be responsible for this association. For example, there is evidence that fat in the midsection has a different metabolism than fat carried elsewhere on the torso.

Researchers say that past evidence has shown that waist circumference is a better marker for visceral fat than other measurements. Previous studies have shown that fat cells located in a person's midsection have specific dysfunction that may be involved in the mechanisms that lead to diabetes.


'/>"/>

Contact: Warren Robak
robak@rand.org
310-451-6913
RAND Corporation
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Despite Treatment, Employees with Depression Generate Higher Absentee Costs, According to Thomson Reuters Study
2. American Council on Exercise (ACE) Study Reveals Kettlebells Provide Powerful Workout in Short Amount of Time
3. TV drama can be more persuasive than news program, study finds
4. Study carried out into biological risks of eating reptiles
5. Neuroimaging study may pave way for effective Alzheimers treatments
6. Study finds racial gaps continue in heart disease awareness
7. Luth Researchs IndicatorEDG(TM) Study Finds Americans Hopes of Achieving Their Dreams Are Fading
8. First blinded study of venous insufficiency prevalence in MS shows promising results
9. Soothing infants with food focus of childhood obesity study
10. People with anxiety disorder less able to regulate response to negative emotions, study shows
11. American Heart Association Rapid Access Journal Report: Study Finds Racial Gaps Continue in Heart Disease Awareness, Low Knowledge of Heart Attack Warning Signs Among Women
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... Conference from Sept. 18 to 20. , The two-day conference is focused on ... the goal of improving patients’ lives and eliminating racial breast cancer-related disparities. The ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... , ... Ross Insurance Agency ( http://www.rossinsuranceagency.com ) saves clients ... (FEMA) recent update of flood zones, more people than ever are in flood ... to reflect the actual risk in flood zone areas during a time when ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Jusino Insurance Services, ... communities in the greater Chicago metropolitan area, is embarking on a charity drive ... in Chicago. , Founded in 1897, Hephzibah Children’s Association is one of the ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... FL (PRWEB) , ... June 22, 2017 , ... Branches, ... received more than $245,000 in grant funding to support its programs focused on providing ... Branches, Inc. was awarded a grant by the Foundation of $15,000 to support its ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... June 22, 2017 , ... Children’s National Health System ... (AHA) to launch a Rheumatic Heart Disease Center, with the goal of developing ... heart disease (RHD) in high-risk, financially disadvantaged countries and low-income communities across the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/16/2017)... Datascope Corp. is voluntarily performing a worldwide field correction of ... test failure code.     ... PART NUMBER ... 0998-UC-0446HXX; 0998-UC-0479HXX 0998-00-3013-XX;  0998-UC-3013-XX ... This field correction also applies to ...
(Date:6/13/2017)... June 13, 2017 Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE ... announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has ... 2015 relating to its Zhejiang, China ... "The successful clearance of the Warning Letter related ... facility is a measure of the progress we have made ...
(Date:6/9/2017)... INDIANAPOLIS , June 9, 2017 More ... a further effort to help spread lessons learned from ... the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and Eli Lilly and ... for the second phase of the Bringing Research in ... reaffirming their commitment to helping people with diabetes effectively ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: