Navigation Links
Study links domestic abuse to mental health problems in new mothers
Date:4/14/2014

A new study shows that domestic abuse is closely linked to postpartum mental health problems, including depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in mothers. The research also found that specific types of abuse are associated with specific mental health problems. The work was done by researchers at North Carolina State University, Simon Fraser University and the University of British Columbia.

"We wanted to see whether and how intimate partner abuse physical, psychological and sexual influenced postpartum mental health in women, including problems such as depression, stress, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and PTSD," says Dr. Sarah Desmarais, an assistant professor of psychology at NC State and lead author of a paper on the work.

The researchers interviewed 100 women from British Columbia who were largely from higher socioeconomic backgrounds and were not considered at high risk of postpartum mental health problems. The study participants were recruited to participate in a broad health and wellness study, which was not specifically focused on domestic abuse.

Sixty-one percent of the study participants reported symptoms of postpartum mental health problems within the first three months after childbirth. And 47 percent of the 100 women reported symptoms at "clinical" levels, meaning the symptoms were of at least moderate severity.

Eighty-four percent of the participants reported experiencing physical, psychological or sexual abuse at the hands of a partner prior to becoming pregnant. Seventy percent of the 100 participants reported some form of abuse by their romantic partner during pregnancy. These forms of abuse ranged from name-calling to rape and physical assault with a weapon.

"We found that women who had experienced abuse were more likely to suffer from postpartum mental health problems, and were much more likely to suffer from those problems if the abuse occurred during pregnancy," Desmarais says. "In addition, the more types of abuse they experienced, the more severe the mental health symptoms they reported. We also found that specific types of abuse were associated with specific problems."

The researchers found that psychological abuse verbal and emotional abuse was associated with stress and PTSD. Physical abuse was associated with depression, OCD and PTSD. Sexual abuse was associated with stress, depression and PTSD.

This means that some mental health problems could stem from any of the forms of abuse. For example, PTSD is associated with all three forms of abuse, but could be caused by any one of them; psychological abuse alone could lead to PTSD.

"This highlights the need for increased awareness of the prevalence of these issues, and the need for increased screening for abuse and mental health problems for pregnant women and new mothers," Desmarais says.

"The sheer scope of the mental health problems and types of abuse that we found tells us that we need to take a broader approach to tackling these issues," Desmarais adds. "And this is clearly not a 'lower class' problem medical professionals everywhere need to pay attention.

"But to do this effectively, we need to train doctors, nurses, and hospital staff in how to identify and respond to potential problems in this area."


'/>"/>

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Empowerment program greatly decreases incidence of rape, Stanford/Packard-led study finds
2. Lipid levels during prenatal brain development impact autism: York U study
3. ED dental care treatment raises access, cost issues for policymakers, Rutgers study finds
4. $2.5 million Defense Department grant funds gene therapy study for Lou Gehrigs disease
5. Study finds link between childs obesity and cognitive function
6. Study reveals animal research bias in experimentation oversight committee membership
7. Fruitfly study: Epilepsy drug target implications for sleep disruption in brain disorders
8. Obesity primes the colon for cancer, according to NIH study
9. Nearly 97 percent of health professionals wash their hands when patients are asked to watch: Study
10. BUSM study finds increasing health coverage does not improve readmission rates
11. Cleveland Clinic study shows bariatric surgery provides long-term control of diabetes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... An educational ... by inspiring human-interest stories, courtesy of awareness-driven celebrities and thought leaders. It also ... advocates, associations and industry leaders such as Bioness. , As patients feel ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Aimed at nurses and employees in the health care world, ... in the nursing and health care industry. It also provides insight to the developing ... , As the nursing industry is coming out of one of the biggest ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... There are many ways to ... Sausage Council (NHDSC) suggests that Americans prefer their dogs straight off the grill. Of ... grilling is their favorite way to cook a hot dog, far outpacing other cooking ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... (IP) to its specialty academic programs. , Answering to the increasing demand for ... programs in health law, and environmental and land use law. ,  , “The ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... Pittsburgh, PA (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 ... ... transplantation, and one that has a significant negative impact on long-term patient survival, ... to date. The results, published online this week in the Journal of Thoracic ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... 2016 Hutchison China MediTech ... on the highly lucrative global oncology and immunology ... potential first-in-class or best-in-class tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) ... strategic partners. HCM,s profitable Chinese healthcare business continues ... expect progress of the mid-to-late-stage pipeline during 2016-17 ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... , May 27, 2016 Amarantus ... focused on developing products for Regenerative Medicine, Neurology and Orphan Diseases, ... will be presenting at two upcoming investor conferences: ... 730 Third Avenue, New York City , NY ... Marcum MicroCap Conference   Where: Grand ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... 26, 2016 According to a new ... Market - U.S. Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and ... the U.S. was valued at US$ 5.89 Bn in 2014 ... from 2015 to 2023 to reach US$ 7.99 Bn in ... and emerging needle free drug delivery devices and the market ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: