Navigation Links
Study links domestic abuse to mental health problems in new mothers
Date:4/14/2014

A new study shows that domestic abuse is closely linked to postpartum mental health problems, including depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in mothers. The research also found that specific types of abuse are associated with specific mental health problems. The work was done by researchers at North Carolina State University, Simon Fraser University and the University of British Columbia.

"We wanted to see whether and how intimate partner abuse physical, psychological and sexual influenced postpartum mental health in women, including problems such as depression, stress, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and PTSD," says Dr. Sarah Desmarais, an assistant professor of psychology at NC State and lead author of a paper on the work.

The researchers interviewed 100 women from British Columbia who were largely from higher socioeconomic backgrounds and were not considered at high risk of postpartum mental health problems. The study participants were recruited to participate in a broad health and wellness study, which was not specifically focused on domestic abuse.

Sixty-one percent of the study participants reported symptoms of postpartum mental health problems within the first three months after childbirth. And 47 percent of the 100 women reported symptoms at "clinical" levels, meaning the symptoms were of at least moderate severity.

Eighty-four percent of the participants reported experiencing physical, psychological or sexual abuse at the hands of a partner prior to becoming pregnant. Seventy percent of the 100 participants reported some form of abuse by their romantic partner during pregnancy. These forms of abuse ranged from name-calling to rape and physical assault with a weapon.

"We found that women who had experienced abuse were more likely to suffer from postpartum mental health problems, and were much more likely to suffer from those problems if the abuse occurred during pregnancy," Desmarais says. "In addition, the more types of abuse they experienced, the more severe the mental health symptoms they reported. We also found that specific types of abuse were associated with specific problems."

The researchers found that psychological abuse verbal and emotional abuse was associated with stress and PTSD. Physical abuse was associated with depression, OCD and PTSD. Sexual abuse was associated with stress, depression and PTSD.

This means that some mental health problems could stem from any of the forms of abuse. For example, PTSD is associated with all three forms of abuse, but could be caused by any one of them; psychological abuse alone could lead to PTSD.

"This highlights the need for increased awareness of the prevalence of these issues, and the need for increased screening for abuse and mental health problems for pregnant women and new mothers," Desmarais says.

"The sheer scope of the mental health problems and types of abuse that we found tells us that we need to take a broader approach to tackling these issues," Desmarais adds. "And this is clearly not a 'lower class' problem medical professionals everywhere need to pay attention.

"But to do this effectively, we need to train doctors, nurses, and hospital staff in how to identify and respond to potential problems in this area."


'/>"/>

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Empowerment program greatly decreases incidence of rape, Stanford/Packard-led study finds
2. Lipid levels during prenatal brain development impact autism: York U study
3. ED dental care treatment raises access, cost issues for policymakers, Rutgers study finds
4. $2.5 million Defense Department grant funds gene therapy study for Lou Gehrigs disease
5. Study finds link between childs obesity and cognitive function
6. Study reveals animal research bias in experimentation oversight committee membership
7. Fruitfly study: Epilepsy drug target implications for sleep disruption in brain disorders
8. Obesity primes the colon for cancer, according to NIH study
9. Nearly 97 percent of health professionals wash their hands when patients are asked to watch: Study
10. BUSM study finds increasing health coverage does not improve readmission rates
11. Cleveland Clinic study shows bariatric surgery provides long-term control of diabetes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Basketball is a game for everyone, not ... Peety PoppersTM series, sign language translation is featured in the top right of the ... Peety PoppersTM lessons has a sign language translator to teach kids the game and ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Fitbody Personal Training offers outdoor training ... exciting way to get fit and healthy. Located in Phoenixville, PA, the classes are ... class designed for horseback riders who want to lose weight and tone up. This ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... participated in the American Osteopathic Association’s (AOA) Match Program Tuesday, February 9, taking ... Program places students into osteopathic graduate medical education positions across the country. Of ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... The Journal of ... from 0.416 in 2013. The SJR uses data taken from the Scopus database (Elsevier ... the number of citations received by the journal over a three year period and ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... diabetes has been gearing up for their simultaneous grand openings in March. All ... right now that you’re probably wondering, is reversing diabetes possible? According to this ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... and Company (NYSE: LLY ) today announced that the ... patent would not presently be infringed by Actavis marketing pemetrexed ... Italy and Spain ... --> --> In ... Lilly,s patent would be indirectly infringed by Actavis marketing certain ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Feb. 12, 2016  Apellis Pharmaceuticals, ... a $47.1 million Series D preferred stock ... Management, Hillhouse Capital Group and venBio Global ... Investments, AJU IB Investment, and Epidarex Capital. The ... to further advance clinical trials in the ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... 11, 2016 The primary goal of this ... patterns on the usage of liquid biopsy. Key information ... - Timeframe of liquid biopsy adoption amidst future ... Evs—by organization type - Sample inflow to conduct liquid ... stool, serum, and so on. - Correlation analysis of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: