Navigation Links
Study linking gut microbe type with diet has implications for fighting GI disorders
Date:9/2/2011

PHILADELPHIA "You are what you eat" is familiar enough, but how deep do the implications go? An interdisciplinary group of investigators from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have found an association between long-term dietary patterns and the bacteria of the human gut. In a study of 98 healthy volunteers, the gut bacteria separated into two distinct groups, called enterotypes, that were associated with long-term consumption of either a typical Western diet rich in meat and fat versus a more agrarian diet rich in plant material. A subsequent controlled-feeding study of 10 subjects showed that gut microbiome composition changed detectably within 24 hours of initiating a high fat/low fiber or low fat/high fiber diet, but that the enterotype identity of the microbe group remained stable during the 10-day study, emphasizing the short-term stability of the enterotypes. The findings were published this week in Science Express, and may have implications for exploring the relationship between diet and therapies for gastriinstesinal dosirders.

"It's well known that diet strongly affects human health, but how diet influences health is not fully understood," says Frederic D. Bushman, PhD, professor of Microbiology , who led the study together with co-principle investigators James Lewis, MD, MSCE, professor of Medicine in the Division of Gastroenterology and professor of Epidemiology, and Gary Wu, MD, professor of Medicine in the Division of Gastroenterology. "We found that diet is linked to the types of microbes in the gut, which provides a potential mechanism connecting diet with health."

Wu noted, "Although the mechanisms by which diet influences gut microbes remain to be fully characterized, our findings also provide insights into the differences in the types of gut bacteria observed in various societies across the globe."

The team used diet inventories surveys that catalog what people have eaten in the last 24 hours and also what they usually eat long-term - and compared that to sequenced DNA from stool samples from 98 healthy individuals. The sequencing allowed the researchers to count and identify gut bacteria. Fecal bacterial communities clustered into two broad groups, or enterotypes, distinguished primarily by levels of Bacteroides and Prevotella.

The enterotypes were strongly associated with diet, particularly protein and animal fat (Bacteroides genus) versus carbohydrates (Prevotella genus). Both Bacteroides and Prevotella are broad genera of bacteria species that typically live in the human gut. Humans tend to have mostly a species from one bacterial group but not both. Vegetarians were more likely to be in the Prevotella group, the enterotype associated with diets enriched in carbohydrates and lacking meat, and the one vegan was also in the Prevotella group.

Subsequently, 10 healthy volunteers were enrolled in a controlled feeding experiment in which their diets were fixed for a 10-day period. All ten subjects in the controlled-feeding experiment were in the Bacteroides group at the start, during, and at the end of the experiment. Their gut microbiomes changed within one day but stayed within the same broad Bacteroides group, even if they ate a diet high in carbohydrates over the 10-day period, emphasizing the short-term stability of the enterotypes.

There are several potential applications of this research. The Penn investigators are currently exploring the relationship between dietary therapies for Crohn's and the composition of the gut microbiome.

"Crohn's disease is caused in part by the way our body responds to the microbes in our intestines," explains Lewis. "Dietary therapies are different from most other Crohn's disease therapies because the dietary therapies don't suppress the immune system. One hypothesis is that these dietary therapies work by changing what organisms live in the intestines."

Roughly 1.5 million people in the United States suffer from ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease, whose symptoms include abdominal pain, bleeding, nausea, and diarrhea.

The next line of study will be to identify changes in microbial composition associated with successful dietary intervention for these diseases , then optimize ways of creating these changes for improved therapy.


'/>"/>

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Memory Development Incomplete Until Adulthood: Study
2. U of T study suggests sexual orientation unconsciously affects our impressions of others
3. McMaster study finds more gut reaction to arthritis drugs
4. Lung cancer ALK rearrangement may predict pemetrexed efficacy, study shows
5. Alcohol dulls brain alarm that monitors mistakes, MU study finds
6. Mouse Study Could Give New Clues to Fighting Baldness
7. Longer CPR Backfires for Certain Heart Patients: Study
8. Potatoes May Be Good for the Heart After All, Study Says
9. Aging eyes linked to sleepless nights, new study shows
10. Insomnia costing US workforce $63.2 billion a year in lost productivity, study shows
11. Radiologists urged to study federal regulations relating to meaningful use
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... , ... Today, Bright Pink , a national non-profit organization focusing on the prevention and ... , Bright Pink is proud to announce Katie Thiede as their new Chief Executive Officer. ... as Chairman of the Board and launched a national search to find a visionary ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... Sean Fay is the undisputed king of ... Juiceman Juicer, and the George Foreman Grill (which sold more than 100 million units ... last 25 years. , Now, due to changes in the broadcast media landscape, the ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... The John P. McGovern Museum of ... anyone, anywhere to track their cognitive health, and share results with their physicians. Members ... health on the museum's website. , BrainCheck founder, Dr. David Eagleman, formerly at Baylor ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The world-class designers of Happy Gadget Alert ... lifesaving device for the everyday use of parents worldwide. It is a lightweight, ... a child’s vital signs, and detect unusual symptoms or physical patterns. This innovative ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... Salus Telehealth, Inc. ... company’s VideoMedicine mobile platform has launched Quick Care, a new service offering on-demand ... Care provides patients with the option to request and begin a consultation with ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... April 19, 2017 Global Surgical Drainage Device ... tubes used to remove excess liquid and air. The ... urine, bile or lymph. Surgical drains are used in ... as orthopedics surgery, cardiovascular surgery, neurosurgery, plastic surgery etc. ... to prevent accumulation of fluid e.g. blood or pus. ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... , April 19, 2017 ... stimulate an immune response in pets such as ... products are of various types such as Attenuated ... Toxoid Vaccines, DNA Vaccines and Recombinant Vaccines. Attenuated ... as virus or bacteria, which have been weakend ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... Cogentix Medical, Inc. (NASDAQ: CGNT), a global ... and Gynecology markets with innovative and proprietary products, will ... 31, 2017 after the market close on Tuesday, May ... a conference call and webcast to discuss its financial ... at 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time (3:30 p.m. Central Time). ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: