Navigation Links
Study in this Week's Issue of Cell Finds Injected Growth Factor Spurs Heart Regeneration
Date:7/23/2009

Growth factor enhances heart regeneration, improves heart function without need for cardiac stem cells

(Vocus) July 16, 2009 -- Injured heart tissue normally can't regrow, but researchers at Children's Hospital Boston have now laid the groundwork for regenerating heart tissue after a heart attack, in patients with heart failure, or in children with congenital heart defects. In the July 24 issue of Cell, they show that a growth factor called neuregulin1 (NRG1), which is involved in the initial development of the heart and nervous system, can spur heart-muscle growth and recovery of cardiac function when injected systemically into animals after a heart attack.

After birth, heart-muscle cells (cardiomyocytes) normally withdraw from the cell cycle - meaning they stop dividing and proliferating. But the researchers, led by Bernhard Kühn, MD, and Kevin Bersell of the Department of Cardiology at Children's, were able to restart the cell cycle with NRG1, stimulating cardiomyocytes to divide and make copies of themselves -- even though they are not stem cells.

"Although many efforts have focused on stem-cell based strategies, our work suggests that stem cells aren't required and that stimulating differentiated cardiomyocytes to proliferate may be a viable alternative," says Kühn, the study's senior investigator and a practicing pediatric cardiologist at Children's since 2007.

When the team injected NRG1 into the peritoneal cavity of live mice after a heart attack, once daily for 12 weeks, heart regeneration was increased and pumping function (ejection fraction, assessed on echocardiograms) improved as compared with untreated controls. The NRG1-injected mice also lacked the left-ventricular dilation and cardiac hypertrophy that typify heart failure; both were seen in the controls.

When the researchers also stimulated production of a cellular receptor for NRG1, known as ErbB4, cardiomyocyte proliferation was further enhanced, demonstrating that NRG1 works by stimulating this receptor. They also identified the specific kinds of cardiomyocytes (mononucleated) that are most likely to respond to treatment.

In 2007, Kühn and colleagues first demonstrated that the heart has dormant regenerative capacities that can be reawakened. Kühn developed a sponge-like patch, soaked in a compound called periostin that is abundant in the developing fetal heart (and in injured skeletal muscle) but scarce in adult hearts. When the patch was placed over the site of cardiac injury in rats, it induced cardiomyocyte proliferation and improved heart function (Nature Medicine 2007; 13:962-9). Similar results were seen in larger animals, and periostin is now in preclinical development at Children's Hospital Boston for future application in human patients with heart failure.

The new work adds a second compound to the heart-regeneration toolbox, and reveals how both periostin and NRG-1 work at the cellular and molecular level, an essential step in predicting possible side effects. Both compounds ultimately act on the same cellular pathway, Kühn found.

"We applied periostin locally at the site of cardiac injury, but NRG1 works when given by systemic injection - a very promising result that suggests it may be feasible to use this in the clinic to treat heart failure," says Kühn, who won a first prize Young Investigator Award, from the American College of Cardiology in 2007.

The study was funded by the Department of Cardiology at Children's Hospital Boston, the Charles Hood Foundation, and the American Heart Association.

Children's Hospital Boston is home to the world's largest research enterprise based at a pediatric medical center, where its discoveries have benefited both children and adults since 1869. More than 500 scientists, including eight members of the National Academy of Sciences, 12 members of the Institute of Medicine and 12 members of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute comprise Children's research community. Founded as a 20-bed hospital for children, Children's Hospital Boston today is a 397-bed comprehensive center for pediatric and adolescent health care grounded in the values of excellence in patient care and sensitivity to the complex needs and diversity of children and families. Children's also is the primary pediatric teaching affiliate of Harvard Medical School. For more information about the hospital and its research visit: www.childrenshospital.org/newsroom.

(Note to reporters: Cell is also issuing a press release on this paper. Images are available.)

CONTACT:
Rob Graham
Children's Hospital Boston
617-919-3110

# # #

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/Childrens_Hospital_Boston/cardiology/prweb2650074.htm.


'/>"/>
Source: PRWeb
Copyright©2009 Vocus, Inc.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Study provides documentation that tumor stem-like cells exist in benign tumors
2. Major Study of Malpractice Insurance Finds No Basis to Limit Liability of Unsafe Health Care Providers
3. Eliminating Cell Receptor Prevents Infections in Animal Study
4. UC Davis study highlights work-life issues of female surgeons
5. Quigley Corporation Announces Final Results of Quigley Pharmas Phase IIb Study
6. AcelRx Announces Perfect Performance of Handheld Component of ARX-01 Sufentanil NanoTab PCA System in a Phase 2 Study
7. First national study to examine rock climbing-related injuries
8. Study aims to induce recovery from ankylosing spondylitis
9. New Study Finds Yet Another Link to Cancer, Synthetic Hormones
10. RI Hospital first in country to enroll patient in new study for recurrent chest wall breast cancer
11. US Oncology Research Network Participates in Phase III Follow-up Study to BiPars Investigational Cancer Drug BSI-201
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Study in this Week's Issue of Cell Finds Injected Growth Factor Spurs Heart Regeneration 
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... its innovative EcoQube Frame vertical micro-veggies garden on Kickstarter . Surpassing the ... product – with nearly 2,000 consumers (and counting) already backing the campaign. ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Viewers who like to educate themselves on current issues and ... services, and societal issues tend to appreciate and love the "Informed" series, hosted by ... running events for causes around the world. , Running for charity has ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... , ... “End Time GPS”: a dauntless and enlightened study of the ... is the creation of published author, Wesley Gerboth, a World War II veteran, with ... projects. Now, at age ninety-one, he shares the Wisdom God bestowed upon him in ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... , ... A recent report from the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) ... suggests, based on a review of GPA and SAT/ACT requirements at 221 institutions in ... It argues that this higher bar should be set by states, by the Council ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The IoT (Internet of Things) is revolutionizing the way the ... on businesses and individual consumers alike. Laboratories can maximize their profit margin by ... from $4 trillion to $11 trillion dollars by the year 2025. McKinsey expects the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... LEBANON, N.H. , March 24, 2017 ... as the recipient of an award including funding and ... free blood draw technology.  "Making blood ... way to making their whole hospital experience better.  We,re ... how this technology can help improve care for the ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , Mar. 24, 2017 Research ... Management in the U.S.: Consumer Strategies" report to their ... ... how adults approach and treat their physical pain, emphasizing consumer ... distinct groups: pain sufferers and adults who have selected illnesses/conditions ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ShangPharma, a leading life science ... development and discovery services, technology, and investment ... today the intent for a strategic corporate ... the Contract Research Organizations (CRO) and Contract ... entities include ChemPartner Shanghai, ChemPartner Fengxian, ChemPartner ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: