Navigation Links
Study identifies factors which predict alcohol use after liver transplantation
Date:8/18/2010

Patients who receive a liver transplant due to alcoholic liver disease need to demonstrate periods of abstinence and often attend addiction treatment before transplantation. However, alcohol use disorders can recur, as can other diseases requiring transplantation, and thus alcohol use after liver transplantation is not uncommon. A new study published today in the American Journal of Transplantation reveals that those at highest risk to drink alcohol post transplant, especially in patterns that will damage their health, can be identified potentially preventing relapse.

Researchers led by Andrea DiMartini, MD, of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, collected data on alcohol consumption following liver transplantation for alcoholic liver disease in 208 patients transplanted between May 1998 to August 2004.

Alcohol relapse rates following liver transplantation are low, especially when compared to the general population. Of the 208 patients, 54% had no reported alcohol use post surgery.

However, among the remaining patients who did drink alcohol again, certain patterns emerged. Two patterns show early onset of alcohol use, one moderate and one accelerating to heavy use. These patterns show that for some patients, resumption occurs early following transplantation and recipients can quickly lose control over their drinking. For others, moderate to heavy alcohol use can begin years post surgery, showing that clinical monitoring for alcohol use should extend well beyond the first one to two years post-LTX.

The researchers found that the length of sobriety prior to surgery is the most powerful predictor of return to alcohol use, e.g. shorter sobriety conferring higher risk. Additionally, stresses immediately following surgery would increase the risk of alcohol use. Those more likely to drink were experiencing more problems overall, were more stressed, reported worse health, and had more pain and less energy.

"Our findings will aid clinicians in early monitoring and identification of patients at risk for alcohol use," DiMartini notes. "With improved methods to identify those at high risk, and effective treatments for alcohol use disorders, we can keep the relapse rates low and get patients into proper treatment before they injure their health."


'/>"/>

Contact: Amy Molnar
amolnar@wiley.com
Wiley-Blackwell
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Despite Treatment, Employees with Depression Generate Higher Absentee Costs, According to Thomson Reuters Study
2. American Council on Exercise (ACE) Study Reveals Kettlebells Provide Powerful Workout in Short Amount of Time
3. TV drama can be more persuasive than news program, study finds
4. Study carried out into biological risks of eating reptiles
5. Neuroimaging study may pave way for effective Alzheimers treatments
6. Study finds racial gaps continue in heart disease awareness
7. Luth Researchs IndicatorEDG(TM) Study Finds Americans Hopes of Achieving Their Dreams Are Fading
8. First blinded study of venous insufficiency prevalence in MS shows promising results
9. Soothing infants with food focus of childhood obesity study
10. People with anxiety disorder less able to regulate response to negative emotions, study shows
11. American Heart Association Rapid Access Journal Report: Study Finds Racial Gaps Continue in Heart Disease Awareness, Low Knowledge of Heart Attack Warning Signs Among Women
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... An ... braces. "The rubber bands used in conjunction with my braces always rubbed against ... design a way to prevent this problem." The O.B.S. was the result of ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... Hamlin Dental Group, multi-location dental ... offering laser dental treatments. Dental lasers are safe and effective options, and can be ... and can improve the overall quality of care. , Dr. Hamid Reza of Hamlin ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... Richmond, VA (PRWEB) , ... March 29, 2017 , ... ... of its seventh North American office location in Richmond, Virginia, located at the Riverfront ... April 11, attended by Lieutenant Governor of Virginia Ralph S. Northam and Mayor of ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... For many women, getting birth control isn’t as easy as it ... either don’t have access to a health care facility or a pharmacy within 60 minutes ... the United States or for many who are faced with health or personal issues that ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 28, 2017 , ... ... elected representatives in state legislatures and Congress to protect parental rights and civil ... health and safety in America. , The demonstration coincides with a press conference ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/29/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... their offering. ... The ablation device global market is expected to grow at high ... Ablation is the minimally invasive therapeutic tissue excision procedure used ... removal, to the removal of abnormally conducting cardiac tissue in atrial ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... FRANCISCO , March 29, 2017  Spiral ... option agreement with Bionure Farma, S.L. for the ... and to BN119 in the field of otolaryngology ... plus sales-based royalties. The agreement provides Spiral ... assets with a differentiated product profile. Under the ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... 2017   Royal Philips (NYSE: PHG, ... and PathAI, a company that develops artificial intelligence ... to develop solutions that improve the precision and ... diseases. The partnership aims to build deep learning ... artificial intelligence to be applied to massive pathology ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: