Navigation Links
Study identifies causes for high rates of allergic reactions in children with food allergies
Date:6/24/2012

A team of researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine and four other institutions have found that young children with documented or likely allergies to milk and/or eggs, whose families were instructed on how to avoid these and other foods, still experienced allergic reactions at a rate of almost once per year. Of severe cases, less than a third received epinephrine, a medication used to counter anaphylaxis, a life-threatening allergic condition.

The findings are from an ongoing Consortium of Food Allergy Research (CoFAR) study that has been following more than 500 children with food allergies since infancy. The results of the three-year study appear online in the June 25 issue of Pediatrics.

Nearly 72 percent of the participants experienced a reaction, with 1,171 allergic reactions in total. Allergic reactions were attributed to such factors as a lack of close supervision, misreading ingredient labels, cross-contamination, or errors in food preparation. Participating families had been given written and verbal food avoidance instruction, and written prescriptions for self-injectable epinephrine, beforehand.

"This study reinforces the importance of educating parents and other caregivers of children with food allergy about avoiding allergenic foods and using epinephrine to treat severe food-allergic reactions," said Scott Sicherer, MD, Professor of Pediatrics and Chief of the Division of Allergy and Immunology at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. "We must work harder to thoroughly educate parents about the details of avoidance and when and how to correctly use epinephrine to manage this life-threatening condition."

Approximately 11 percent of the children experienced anaphylaxis, which can include symptoms such as swelling in the throat, asthma, sudden drop in blood pressure, dizziness or fainting. The children's parents or caregivers administered epinephrine in only 30 percent of the cases of children having severe reactions to food. Investigators found children did not receive epinephrine because either the drug was not available, or parents and caregivers were too afraid to administer the drug, or they did not recognize the reaction as severe and waited to see more symptoms.

"We found a significant number of young children received allergenic foods from caregivers other than their parents," said Hugh Sampson, MD, Dean for Translational Biomedical Sciences, Professor of Pediatrics, and Director of the Jaffe Food Allergy Institute at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. "This underscores the need to educate everyone who is responsible for the child, including grandparents, older siblings and teachers."

Dr. Sampson is the lead investigator for COFAR, which is also performing numerous food allergy treatment trials.

The study is taking place at The Mount Sinai Medical Center as well as research hospitals in Baltimore, MD; Denver, CO; Durham, NC; and Little Rock, Ark., with support from The National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) of the National Institutes of Health. NIAID conducts and supports researchat NIH, throughout the United States, and worldwideto study the causes of infectious and immune-mediated diseases, and to develop better means of preventing, diagnosing and treating these illnesses.


'/>"/>

Contact: Mount Sinai Press Office
newsmedia@mssm.edu
212-241-9200
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study identifies factors related to violence in veterans
2. Funding for teacher classroom management study
3. Metformin Outperforms Common Class of Diabetes Drugs in Study
4. Exercise Wont Affect Breast Milk, Babys Growth: Study
5. Diabetes Can Make a Comeback After Weight-Loss Surgery: Study
6. Declining testosterone levels in men not part of normal aging, study finds
7. Money Really Cant Buy Happiness, Study Finds
8. Sleep May Ease Symptoms of Parkinsons Disease: Study
9. Active, Outdoor Teens Are Happier Teens: Study
10. Once-Banned Bird Flu Study Yields Sobering Findings
11. Preventing or better managing diabetes may prevent cognitive decline, according to UCSF study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... Twenty years ago it was revolutionary: ... trying to silence the voices they hear. But this approach has proven transformative, both ... method has steadily gained credibility and now is used around the world, but it ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... Eden Prairie, MN (PRWEB) , ... May 31, 2016 , ... ... accreditation from the American Association for Laboratory Accreditation (A2LA) to include ISO 594-1 and ... the most common means of achieving a leak-free connection between two medical devices (e.g. ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... Effective leaders not only drive service ... as a whole. On June 2, Northbound CEO Mike Neatherton and COO Paul Alexander ... presenting the opening plenary on “Leadership: The Journey to Authenticity” with Onsite Workshops CEO ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... ... The Global Wellness Summit (GWS), an annual conference for international leaders ... spa and beauty in Europe. The organization asked its partner experts in Europe - ... - to forecast where wellness is headed in Europe. Predictions range from European nations ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... Montana (PRWEB) , ... May 31, 2016 , ... Spectrum ... Lift. This new lift has been designed and built with the user in mind. ... of aquatic consultants have informed us that an ADA 400 lbs lift is a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/31/2016)... , May 31, 2016 The ... is progressing at a CAGR of 10.6% within a ... valued at US$0.46 bn in 2013. Owing to favorable ... to reach US$0.88 bn by the end of this ... from the market,s holistic representation in a research report ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ZIONA, Israel , May 31, ... medicine company utilizing its proprietary plant-based rhCollagen technology for ... authorization from the Chief Scientist of Israel,s ... of its NIS 12 million development project for 2016. The ... higher than last year,s authorized grant, which totaled NIS ...
(Date:5/30/2016)... India , May 30, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... market research report "Healthcare Biometrics Market by ... (Signature, Voice)), Multifactor, Multimodal), Application (Workforce Management), ... Forecast to 2021", published by MarketsandMarkets, the ... Million by 2021 from USD 1,182.6 Million ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: