Navigation Links
Study highlights HIV/AIDS challenge in American prison system
Date:9/29/2009

This release is available in French.

MONTREAL, 29 September 2009 HIV/Aids is up to five times more prevalent in American prisons than in the general population. Adherence to treatment programs can be strictly monitored in prison. However, once prisoners are released, medical monitoring becomes problematic. A new study by Dr. Nitika Pant Pai an Assistant professor of Medicine and a medical scientist at the Research Institute of the MUHC suggests the majority (76%) of inmates take their antiretroviral treatment (ART) intermittently once they leave prison, representing a higher risk to the general population.

"Over a period of 9 years, we studied 512 HIV positive repeat offender inmates from the San Francisco County jail system," says Dr. Pant Pai. "Our results show that only 15% continuously took their ART between incarcerations or after their release." According to the study, published in the journal PLoS one, these figures highlight a lack of effectiveness on the part of medical monitoring services for these people outside prison.

"Taking ART intermittently is a problem because it depletes the CD4 count - the immunizing cells that fight infection and increases the probability of developing resistance to the virus," says Dr. Pant Pai. "The risk for rapid disease progression becomes higher and presents a risk for public health transmission of HIV to their partners." According to the study those on intermittent therapy were 1.5 times more likely to have higher virus load than those on continuous therapy; those who never received therapy were 3 times more likely to have a higher VL.

"The optimal solution for treating patients and controlling the HIV/Aids epidemic in the USA is to ensure continuous therapy," explains Dr. Milton Estes, medical director of Forensic AIDS Project, San Francisco. "To achieve this we must work on various aspects of the prisoner's lives, such as marginalization, psychiatric problems and drug use, both before and after their departure from prison." According to Dr. Jacqueline Tulsky, senior author of the study, "This research highlights the need to examine ART policies inside and outside correctional settings with a view to establishing effective life long management of HIV in prisoners."

"This research is the first observational study in American prisons to evaluate the impact of antiretroviral treatment (ART) over a nine year period. It demonstrates the need for effective community transition and prison release programs to optimize ART given in jails," explains Dr. Pant Pai.


'/>"/>

Contact: Julie Robert
julie.robert@muhc.mcgill.ca
514-843-1560
McGill University Health Centre
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study outlines strategies to test new payment models for health care
2. Study suggests obesity alone does not cause knee osteoarthritis in mice
3. Institute for Aging Research study links high-heels to heel and ankle pain
4. Heart Patients Benefit From At-Home Care, Study Finds
5. U-M study: Life and death during the Great Depression
6. UCLA study identifies 2 chemicals that could lead to new drugs for genetic disorders
7. New study resolves the mysterious origin of Merkel cells
8. Many Kids Suffer Medication Side Effects: Study
9. Swiss study finds income affects prostate cancer patients survival
10. Study finds intervention program increases kids healthy eating, reduces screen time
11. Exercise May Prevent Prostate Cancer: Study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... Fusion Flix Inc., a Telly ... over four countries and millions of viewers in a partnership with the Amazon Video ... On-Demand and fully available on Blu Ray disc in 2018. Proceeds will be going ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Richard Strawn’s new book Surgical Psalms ... a cancer diagnosis, surgery and recovery, the Psalms provided encouragement and hope, as ... shows love to those who are sick., Surgical Psalms contains 36 reflections about ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... , ... TopConsumerReviews.com recently gave a best-in-class 5 star rating to Test Country, ... the United States has undergone major changes over the last decade, particularly when it ... order to get a blood test or other lab work done. Today, most tests ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... ... opportunity for men and women to train as hospice volunteers. Volunteers provide much ... illness. For over 30 years, the agency has trained volunteers to be vital ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... 2017 , ... First Choice Emergency Room , the largest network of ... the new Medical Director of its Sienna Plantation facility. , “We are pleased ... Plantation location,” said Dr. Michael (Derek) Caraway, Area Medical Director of First Choice Emergency ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/25/2017)... Massachusetts , July 25, 2017 The med-tech ... rare nervous system diseases, has concluded a worldwide license agreement ... drug SOM0226 against transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR). Before this licensing agreement ... a Phase 2 study conducted in Europe ... the United States ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... July 24, 2017 IBM (NYSE: IBM ) ... Quadrant for Solid-State Arrays (SSA) for the fourth year in ... According to Gartner, "Vendors in the Leaders quadrant have the ... Vision. A vendor in the Leaders quadrant has the market ... the acceptance of new technologies. These vendors demonstrate a clear ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... and EDMONTON, Alberta , ... scientists and the University of Alberta in ... data in Nature,s partner journal, Schizophrenia 1 , ... predict instances of schizophrenia with 74% accuracy. This ... severity of specific symptoms in schizophrenia patients with ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: