Navigation Links
Study finds that radiation oncology research is critically underfunded by NIH
Date:5/29/2013

Radiation oncology research received 197 grants, totaling only 1.6 percent ($85.5 million) of the $5.4 billion in cancer research funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Fiscal Year (FY) 2013, according to a study available online and in the June 1, 2013, print issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics (Red Journal), the official scientific journal of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

The study reviewed the more than 50,000 grants funded by the NIH, totaling $30.9 billion. Investigation revealed 952 active individual grants in the fields of diagnostic radiology and radiation oncology at the start of FY 2013; the NIH database does not discriminate between the two departments. Additionally, study authors conducted a manual identification process of proposals from radiation oncology departments, yielding 197 grants in radiation oncology. Of the 197 grants in radiation oncology, 79.2 percent (156) were in the field of radiation oncology biology; 13.2 percent (26) were in the field of medical physics as it relates to radiation oncology; and only 7.6 percent (15) were clinical investigations of radiation oncology treatment. Forty-three academic institutions were represented in the total 197 studies, with 141 grants in year 1‒5 of their funding cycle, and 56 awards in funding year 6‒25.

The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education lists 87 academic programs in radiation oncology in the U.S., yet only 49.4 percent have an active research program supported by NIH grants. Academic radiation oncology departments attract the highest percentage of MD/PhD graduates into its residency programs, representing the top tier of medical school graduates. Data from the 2011 National Resident Matching Program report indicates that there are 75 academic radiation oncology programs in the United States for only 155 radiation oncology physician residency positions.

This study also provides detailed analysis of the average award size, the professional degree status of the grantees, and which grant funding mechanism within the NIH (RO1, U19, PO1, R21, KO1 and U24) received the most applications and grants awarded.

"Nearly two-thirds of cancer patients receive radiation therapy as part of their cancer treatment protocol, yet only 1.6 percent of cancer research funding is in the field of radiation oncology. We have a significant disparity in the current level of research support as compared to the relevance of radiation oncology for cancer patients and its highly skilled work force," said lead study author Michael L. Steinberg, MD, FASTRO, chair of the department of radiation oncology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), and the Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA. "Our study indicates an urgent need to separate radiation oncology data from radiology in the NIH database. It is also essential that radiation oncology receive more substantial funding support so that we, as an integral specialty in cancer care, can continue to improve patient survival and treatment outcomes."

"In the U.S., nearly one million cancer patients are treated each year with lifesaving radiation therapy," said Colleen A. F. Lawton, MD, FASTRO, president of ASTRO and professor, program director and vice-chairman of radiation oncology at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee. "We must secure increased research funding to ensure advancement in radiation oncology techniques and protocols."

In addition to Steinberg, study authors include William H. McBride, PhD, DSc, Erina Vlashi, PhD, and Frank Pajonk, MD, PhD, in the department of radiation oncology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA.

In an editorial, also published in the June 1, 2013 issue of the Red Journal, Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil, and Lynn D. Wilson, MD, MPH, FASTRO, detail several priority areas for research in radiation oncology and raise concern for the long-term negative effects of insufficient research funding on patients and professionals. "The data Steinberg and colleagues were able to collect suggests that a critically important field is receiving a surprisingly tiny sliver of the too-small pie of biomedical research funding." Drs. Jagsi and Wilson conclude, "This pattern is likely to be self-reinforcingto the peril of patients and society in generaland it merits both attention and action."

Jagsi and Wilson note that several priority areas for research have been identified in a study conducted by the Radiation Oncology Institute, including quality and safety of radiation delivery, communication, survivorship and toxicity management, comparative effectiveness and value of radiation therapy, including comparison of outcomes after radiation with outcomes after other treatments and among different forms of radiation treatment.

Dr. Jagsi is an associate professor in the department of radiation oncology and Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Mich., and Dr. Wilson is professor and vice chairman of the department of therapeutic radiology at Yale University School of Medicine in New Haven, Conn.


'/>"/>

Contact: Michelle Kirkwood
michellek@astro.org
703-286-1600
American Society for Radiation Oncology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study shows longer treatment for children with langerhans cell hystiocytosis improves survival rates
2. EORTC study identifies patients with anaplastic oligodendroglioma that benefit from adjuvant PCV
3. hCGTreatments / Diet Doc hCG Diets & Weight Loss Plans Now Offer New Guided Weight Loss Tips Now Found in New Study to Help Patients Lose Weight Fast
4. A Strong Marriage Can Shield Kids From Dads Depression: Study
5. Narconon Releases Early Study of Delaware Prison Program, Demonstrating Crime Reduction Consistent with More Recent Narconon Results
6. Changing gut bacteria through diet affects brain function, UCLA study shows
7. GOJO presents electronic hand hygiene compliance study at APIC conference
8. Alzheimers Patients Mimic Emotions of Those Around Them: Study
9. Study: Ipilimumab Shows Durable Responses But Low Overall Response Rate In Patients With Unresectable Or Metastatic Mucosal Melanoma
10. Kids Poisoned by Medical Marijuana, Study Finds
11. Involving Patients in Decisions Raises Health Care Costs, Study Finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/20/2017)... ... September 20, 2017 , ... Announced that ... and commercial support services market) has entered into an agreement on September 1, ... , The PGSD is the first private Dental School to launch an online, ...
(Date:9/20/2017)... ... September 20, 2017 , ... In just a short time since ... been receiving positive feedback from customers trying the product for the first time, and ... Booster was developed by neurosurgeon Shawn Moore, MD, for everyone from athletes at risk ...
(Date:9/20/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Medicare doesn’t have the authority to negotiate ... their prescription drugs, according to a new comparison of drug plans by ... there’s no consistency in drug pricing among drug plans,” states TSCL’s Medicare policy ...
(Date:9/20/2017)... ... September 20, 2017 , ... “RECYCLED Ezekiel's ... Ezekiel's Plan for Freedom from ADDICTION” is the creation of published author, Bill ... of addiction and homeless services, including more than a decade of addiction to ...
(Date:9/20/2017)... ... September 20, 2017 , ... “Psalms of Humidity”: is a fascinating depiction ... move the readers one step closer to God. “Psalms of Humidity” is the creation ... that have been made within his life are the very same things that have ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/5/2017)... Sept. 5, 2017  Xyntek Inc. has announced another milestone in their continued ... office to meet the growing demands of customer engagements regionally.  ... Xyntek's new Midwest office is located at 318 West Adams Street, ... ... regionally. ...
(Date:9/5/2017)... Sept. 5, 2017  Just 18 months after its ... pleased to announce the appointment of three new senior ... , Dominic Jones-Phillips and James Wright ... Tammy Wynne ... market access writers. She has over ten years, experience ...
(Date:9/1/2017)... , Sept. 1, 2017 Michael ... Solutions, Inc , highlights opportunities for growth in his ... report that Marlin Equity is seeking a buyer for ... annual award-winning 22-year-old healthcare solutions Value Added Reseller and ... "As the healthcare market ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: