Navigation Links
Study finds shifting disease burden following universal Hib vaccination
Date:11/10/2011

[EMBARGOED FOR NOV. 11, 2011] Vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae type b, or Hib, once the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in children, has dramatically reduced the incidence of Hib disease in young children over the past 20 years, according to a study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and available online (http://www.oxfordjournals.com/our_journals/cid/prpaper1.pdf). However, other strains of the bacteria continue to cause substantial disease among the nation's youngest and oldest age groups.

"The Hib vaccine was successful in reducing disease among children 5 years and younger, and now the epidemiology has changed," said lead author Jessica MacNeil, MPH, of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, who, with colleagues, analyzed data for the current epidemiology and past trends in the invasive disease over the past two decades following the introduction of the Hib vaccine in the mid-1980s. Most H. influenzae disease in the United States is now caused by other, non-type b strains of the bacteria.

The study authors warn that the highest rates of disease from non-b type strains are in the oldest and youngest age groups, those 65 and older and infants less than a year old. Among children younger than 5 years old, young infants are the most likely to be diagnosed with the disease. Many of these cases occur during the first month of life, and among those, premature and low-birthweight babies are the most vulnerable.

The number of adults 65 and older who become ill due to H. influenzae is also high compared to the rest of the population, according to the study authors. Among those in this group who become sick, nearly 25 percent of the cases are fatal. Risk factors for this age group are harder to interpret, the authors note, as clinical outcomes may be due to underlying medical conditions.

American Indian and Alaska Native children continue to have a disproportionately large burden of both Hib and non-b type disease compared to others, the study found, but the reasons behind this are not fully understood. "Why these groups continue to be at a higher risk than other populations should be the focus of future studies," MacNeil said. Understanding risk factors for H. influenzae disease in this population, such as household crowding, poverty, and poor air quality, could potentially help prevent transmission.

The study authors found that no substantial serotype replacement has been observed among young children in the U.S., which suggests the current Hib vaccine has been effective in preventing H. influenzae illness in this age group. However, the authors note, the burden of disease seen in older adults is an opportunity that could be addressed in the future with an H. influenzae vaccine for adults.


'/>"/>

Contact: John Heys
jheys@idsociety.org
703-299-0412
Infectious Diseases Society of America
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Despite Treatment, Employees with Depression Generate Higher Absentee Costs, According to Thomson Reuters Study
2. American Council on Exercise (ACE) Study Reveals Kettlebells Provide Powerful Workout in Short Amount of Time
3. TV drama can be more persuasive than news program, study finds
4. Study carried out into biological risks of eating reptiles
5. Neuroimaging study may pave way for effective Alzheimers treatments
6. Study finds racial gaps continue in heart disease awareness
7. Luth Researchs IndicatorEDG(TM) Study Finds Americans Hopes of Achieving Their Dreams Are Fading
8. First blinded study of venous insufficiency prevalence in MS shows promising results
9. Soothing infants with food focus of childhood obesity study
10. People with anxiety disorder less able to regulate response to negative emotions, study shows
11. American Heart Association Rapid Access Journal Report: Study Finds Racial Gaps Continue in Heart Disease Awareness, Low Knowledge of Heart Attack Warning Signs Among Women
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/28/2016)... ... May 28, 2016 , ... May 26, 2016- In search of the K. ... theme event of “K Warriors” on June 4, 2016 at Ashbury Hotel and Suites ... is sponsored and hosted by Shaolin Institute and sanctioned by KSF (Kungfu Sanda Federation), ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... Columbia, SC (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... launched a line of classic American timber frame barn kits, which can be found ... are inspired by historic American barn plans, and they highlight the craftsmanship of ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... 2016 , ... With over 60 percent of acute stroke survivors being left ... to aid in the rehabilitation process has steadily increased. Ekso Bionics had been working ... due to stroke. , Ekso Bionics has now received clearance from the U.S. Food ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... Texas (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... satisfying Army body fat composition regulations. This is the first time that Coolsculpting ... normally screened at least every six months to ensure they meet the prescribed body-fat ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... With a team ... and food industries. Aside from its GMP accreditation, Validation Center is also a ... certified products, services and staff. , Validation Center is ISO17025 accredited and only ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... NORTH CHESTERFIELD, Va. , May 25, 2016 ... commercially-available next-generation sequencing test for wounds and infections. ... fungi, ALL parasites, and select viruses. The test ... infected area. David G. ... advanced molecular testing to facilitate wound healing: "We ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... PUNE, India , May 25, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... Pipeline Review, H1 2016"market research report that provides ... complete with comparative analysis at various stages, therapeutics ... route of administration (RoA) and molecule type, along ... releases. It also reviews key players involved in ...
(Date:5/24/2016)...   , Study met ... bowel cleansing and superiority in , ... of the ascending colon   ... Norgine B.V. today announced new positive data from the phase ... preparation) versus standard 2 litre PEG with ascorbate. The study met ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: