Navigation Links
Study finds over 90 percent of people with gum disease are at risk for diabetes
Date:12/14/2009

The study, led by Dr. Shiela Strauss, Associate Professor of Nursing and Co-Director of the Statistics and Data Management Core for NYU's Colleges of Dentistry and Nursing, examined data from 2,923 adult participants in the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey who had not been diagnosed with diabetes. The survey, conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, was designed to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States.

Using guidelines established by the American Diabetes Association, Dr. Strauss determined that 93 percent of subjects who had periodontal disease, compared to 63 percent of those without the disease, were considered to be at high risk for diabetes and should be screened for diabetes. The guidelines recommend diabetes screening for people at least 45 years of age with a body mass index (a comparative measure of weight and height) of 25 or more, as well as for those under 45 years of age with a BMI of 25 or more who also have at least one additional diabetes risk factor. In Dr. Strauss's study, two of those additional risk factors high blood pressure and a first-degree relative (a parent or sibling) with diabetes were reported in a significantly greater number of subjects with periodontal disease than in subjects without the disease. Dr. Strauss's findings, published today in the online edition of the Journal of Public Health Dentistry, add to a growing body of evidence linking periodontal infections to an increased risk for diabetes.

Dr. Strauss also examined how often those with gum disease and a risk for diabetes visit a dentist, finding that three in five reported a dental visit in the past two years; half in the past year; and a third in the past six months.

"In light of these findings, the dental visit could be a useful opportunity to conduct an initial diabetes screening -- an important first step in identifying those patients who need follow-up testing to diagnose the disease."

"It's been estimated that 5.7 million Americans with diabetes were undiagnosed in 2007," Dr. Strauss added, "with the number expected to increase dramatically in coming years. The issue of undiagnosed diabetes is especially critical because early treatment and secondary prevention efforts may help to prevent or delay the long-term complications of diabetes that are responsible for reduced quality of life and increased levels of mortality among these patients. Thus, there is a critical need to increase opportunities for diabetes screening and early diabetes detection."

Dr. Strauss said that dentists could screen patients for diabetes by evaluating them for risk factors such as being overweight; belonging to a high-risk ethnic group (African-American, Latino, Native American, Asian-American, or Pacific Islander); having high cholesterol; high blood pressure; a first-degree relative with diabetes; or gestational diabetes mellitus; or having given birth to a baby weighing more than nine pounds.

Alternatively, dentists could use a glucometer -- a diagnostic instrument for measuring blood glucose -- to analyze finger-stick blood samples, or use the glucometer to evaluate blood samples taken from pockets of inflammation in the gums.

"The oral blood sample would arguably be more acceptable to dentists because providers and patients anticipate oral intervention in the dental office," Dr. Strauss noted. In an earlier study involving 46 subjects with periodontal disease published in June 2009 by the Journal of Periodontology, an NYU nursing-dental research team led by Dr. Strauss determined that the glucometer can provide reliable glucose-level readings for blood samples drawn from deep pockets of gum inflammation, and that those readings were highly correlated with glucometer readings for finger-stick blood samples.


'/>"/>

Contact: Ami Finkelthal
af73@nyu.edu
212-998-9294
New York University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study finds racial disparities exist in radiation therapy rates for early stage breast cancer
2. M. D. Anderson study questions true favorability of rare breast cancer type
3. Study shows how gene action may lead to diabetes prevention, cure
4. Casual Sex Doesnt Cause Emotional Damage: Study
5. Study Finds Possible Explanation for the Link Between Infertility and Breast/Ovarian Cancer Risks
6. Definitive study confirms chemo benefit in postmenopausal breast cancer
7. Major New Study Finds Soyfoods Safe and Beneficial for Women With Breast Cancer
8. New approach to emissions makes climate and air quality models more accurate, major study finds
9. Study highlights lack of patient knowledge regarding hospital medications
10. Sticks and stones break bones, but this UH study may prevent it
11. Study finds gender gap persists in cardiac care
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... ... exhibitor at Molecular Medicine Tri-Conference February 20 – 22 in San Francisco. As ... showcase its anatomic and molecular pathology workflow solution, as well as its new ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... ... financial planning assistance to families and business owners in and around the Hampton ... drive to help prevent all forms of domestic violence. , There are multiple ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 17, 2017 , ... ... their experience can last long after their final treatments. Physician researchers at ... neuro-emotional technique (NET), a mind-body therapy, for efficacy in reducing symptoms of traumatic ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... ... February 16, 2017 , ... As a reflection ... patient care, NWH has achieved Magnet® recognition for the second time, ... 2017. The American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Magnet Recognition Program® distinguishes organizations that meet ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... ... February 16, 2017 , ... The field of hair restoration includes ... Parsa Mohebi, founder of Parsa Mohebi Hair Restoration, is trained in performing these treatments ... of hair restoration, he recently expanded the information content on the blog section ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/16/2017)... 2017 Absorption Systems, a global leader in ... pleased to announce that its Chief Operating Officer, ... winner of the 2017 Executive Management Award. The award ... driven executives for their creative management vision, leadership philosophy, ... and celebration is on March 8, 2017 at the ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... NEW YORK , Feb. 16, 2017 ... to reach USD 7.88 billion by 2021 from USD ... On the basis of type, the ... chromatography and preparative chromatography. In 2016, the process chromatography ... of the global preparative and process chromatography. Growth in ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... 2017  Express Scripts (NASDAQ: ESRX ) was recognized ... Companies within the Health Care: Pharmacy and Other Services category. ... World,s Most Admired Companies," said Tim Wentworth , CEO and ... passion of our 26,000 employees to make medicine more affordable and ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: