Navigation Links
Study finds most adolescents sent to group homes still involved with drugs/crime seven years later

Most adolescents referred to long-term group homes in Los Angeles County after being charged with a serious offense reported they were still involved with crime or drugs seven years later, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

The bleak findings suggest there is a need to improve juvenile justice rehabilitation programs, according to the report published online by the American Journal of Public Health.

Studies rarely track juvenile offenders for so long so that little is known about the prognosis for juvenile offenders nationally. However, the youths in this study were similar to the national profile of youths in juvenile correctional facilities and a similar study conducted in Chicago found similar mortality rates.

Researchers studied 449 adolescents aged 13 to 17 who were referred to group homes by judges in Los Angeles County between February 1999 and May 2000. The participants were interviewed periodically over the next seven years to assess how their lives had progressed.

When attempts were made to re-contact these young people in 2007, researchers learned that 12 of the young people had died, including seven from gunshot wounds. Among the 383 participants who completed the final interview, 36 percent had used hard drugs in the past year and 27 percent reported five or more symptoms of substance dependence.

Among the group that completed the final interview, 66 percent reported they had done something illegal, other than using alcohol or drugs, in the previous year. Thirty-seven percent reported being arrested within the previous year and 25 percent had been in jail or prison every day for the previous 90 days.

"We cannot say that these group homes failed to improve anyone's life, but the large number of poor outcomes we observed raises questions about whether the juvenile justice system is as effective in rehabilitating delinquent youths as it should be," said Rajeev Ramchand, the study's lead author and an associate social scientist at RAND, a nonprofit research organization.

The group homes may have contributed to a few bright spots in the study's findings. About one-fifth of the participants reported they were living productive lives -- neither criminally active nor in jail. Among the group that completed the final interview, 58 percent of the participants had graduated high school or obtained a GED and 63 percent reported working at a job in the previous year.

The RAND study is one of the largest and longest efforts to follow juvenile offenders who had been referred to group homes for rehabilitation.

The RAND study was supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Participants were recruited from all three juvenile detention facilities in Los Angeles County. Researchers sought participation from adolescents referred to any of the seven largest group homes that had contracts with the Los Angeles County Probation Department to provide long-term resident care, typically for periods of 9 to 12 months.

Each of the programs offered a range of services, including schooling, substance abuse treatment or education, family therapy, vocational training and other forms of counseling.

The project was conducted within the RAND Safety and Justice Program, which conducts public policy research on corrections, policing, public safety and occupational safety.


Contact: Warren Robak
RAND Corporation

Related medicine news :

1. Study Finds Millions More May Benefit From Statins
2. Gleevec Prevents Return of Intestinal Cancer, Study Confirms
3. New Clinical Study News for Treatment of Sinusitis - Sinus Infection and Allergy Suffers Now Have a New Effective Form of Relief through Sinus Dynamics
4. Study finds extensive patient sharing among hospitals; could impact spread of infectious diseases
5. Northern California Cancer Center Study Seeks to Improve Colon Cancer Screening in Vietnamese Communities
6. Study finds how brain remembers single events
7. MHA to Release Results of Second Annual Independent Long Term Care Member Study
8. Spinal taps carry higher risks for infants and elderly, study shows
9. Study finds biological clue in brain tumor development
10. Researcher wins $2.6 million grant for depression care study
11. Study gives more proof that intelligence is largely inherited
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... November 30, 2015 , ... GKhair & Tibolli ... the San Juan Beauty Show held on November 8th and 9th at the Puerto ... media personalities, hair artists, renowned beauticians and top of the line fashion journalists. The ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... provider of enterprise Time and Attendance/Workforce Management cloud-based solutions, announced today that ... Program with competencies in the Application Development, demonstrating a “best-in-class” ability and ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... November 30, 2015 ... ... Inc. are pleased to announce their strategic partnership at the Radiological Society ... Transcription Service, Inc., and Winscribe, global providers of cutting-edge dictation and speech-enabled ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... product dealer. Joining more than 30 HealthPostures’ dealers located throughout the United States, ... increase the number of corporate, industrial, manufacturing and government workers and organizational leaders ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... patented products, announces the Unstoppable Swappables, a household invention that provides an economical ... $2 billion a year and is growing at 2.6%," says Scott Cooper, CEO ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... Elbit Imaging Ltd. (TASE, NASDAQ: ... that it was informed by InSightec Ltd. ("InSightec"), that the ... approved its Exablate Neuro system to treat movement, pain ... --> Insightec,s Exablate Neuro platform is transforming medicine ... technologies: Focused Ultrasound, which is used to lesion the ...
(Date:11/29/2015)... 29, 2015   Royal Philips  (NYSE: PHG, AEX: ... at the 2015 Radiological Society of North America Annual ... Place in Chicago . Visitors to ... company,s broad portfolio of integrated Diagnostic Imaging, Clinical Informatics, ... clinical performance, improve workflow and create a superior patient ...
(Date:11/29/2015)... , Nov. 29, 2015 CIVCO Medical ... technology at the Radiological Society of ... Chicago November 29 – December ... designed to offer customers unrivaled versatility, enhanced user ... --> ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: