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Study finds more PSA screening awareness needed among high-risk groups
Date:8/10/2008

DURHAM, N.C. -- In one of the first examinations of PSA screening in younger men, a study published by researchers at Duke Medicine's Prostate Center finds that one-fifth of men under age 50 reported undergoing a prostate specific antigen (PSA) test to detect prostate cancer in the previous year, yet only one in three young black men reported ever having a PSA test in the previous year.

Overall, that's pretty good news for white men at average risk, researchers say, but not for black men or men with a family history who are at higher risk for developing the disease.

The findings appear online in the journal Cancer and will appear in the print version on Sept. 15.

"Our findings for black men are discouraging," says Judd W. Moul, MD, chief of the division of surgical urology at Duke and the paper's senior author. "We've been encouraging black men to get screened at age 40 or 45 for more than a decade, yet only one-third of these high-risk men reported being tested."

To assess how many men age 40-49 are being screened, Dr. Moul and Charles Scales, MD, a urology resident and researcher at Duke and the paper's first author, reviewed the 2002 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, an ongoing, state-based, random telephone survey of the U.S. population.

Their study showed several socio-demographic characteristics associated with PSA screening in young men. Young black men were more likely than young, white, non-Hispanic men to report having a PSA screening in the previous year. The survey also showed that younger Hispanic men were more likely to undergo PSA testing than younger white non-Hispanic men.

Health insurance, an ongoing physician-patient relationship, increasing obesity, and high household income and education level were also associated with having a recent PSA test.

"Our findings provide an important baseline assessment of PSA test use among young men as physicians debate whether
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Contact: Debbe Geiger
Debbe.Geiger@duke.edu
919-660-9461
Duke University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

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