Navigation Links
Study finds link between amphetamine abuse and heart attacks in young adults
Date:6/4/2008

DALLAS June 3, 2008 Young adults who abuse amphetamines may be at greater risk of suffering a heart attack, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found.

In the study, available online in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence, researchers examined data from more than 3 million people between 18 and 44 years old hospitalized from 2000 through 2003 in Texas and found a relationship between a diagnosis of amphetamine abuse and heart attack.

Individual case reports have suggested a link between heart attack and amphetamine abuse, but this is believed to be the first epidemiological study of a large group of people on the issue, said Dr. Arthur Westover, assistant professor of psychiatry at UT Southwestern and the study's lead author.

"Most people aren't surprised that methamphetamines and amphetamines are bad for your health," Dr. Westover said. "But we are concerned because heart attacks in the young are rare and can be very debilitating or deadly."

Amphetamines are stimulants that can be used to treat medical conditions such as attention-deficient disorder. They are illegally abused as recreational drugs or performance enhancers.

The researchers note that abuse of methamphetamine, a type of amphetamine often sold illegally, is increasing in most major U.S. cities.

In Texas, the researchers found greater amphetamine abuse in the north and Panhandle regions.

"This paper sounds a warning to amphetamine abusers, alerts emergency department personnel to look for amphetamine abuse in young heart attack patients, and it allows us to focus preventive efforts in geographical areas where the problems are greatest," said Dr. Robert W. Haley, chief of epidemiology at UT Southwestern and senior author of the study. Dr. Haley holds the U.S. Armed Forces Veterans Distinguished Chair for Medical Research, Honoring America's Gulf War Veterans.

"We're also concerned that the number of amphetamine-related heart attacks could be increasing," Dr. Westover said. "We'd rather raise the warning flag now than later. Hopefully, we can decrease the number of people who suffer heart attacks as the result of amphetamine abuse."

Amphetamines may contribute to heart attacks by increasing heart rate and blood pressure and by causing inflammation and artery spasms that limit blood to the heart muscle. More research is needed to determine the exact mechanism of how amphetamines work on the heart, he said.

The current research could help doctors determine the cause of heart attacks in young adults, as well as treatment. Doctors recognizing an amphetamine-caused heart attack might choose not to administer a beta-blocker medication, a common treatment for heart attack, because it could interact with methamphetamine to make the heart attack worse.

The results could have broad implications in the general population, Dr. Westover said. Texas ranks 27th among all states in use of methamphetamine among 18- to 25-year-old adults, according to a 2006 government report.

"We're talking about a state that is near the middle of prevalence of methamphetamine use in the United States, so it's possible that the number of heart attacks in young adults in other states with a much higher prevalence of amphetamine abuse may be higher as well," said Dr. Westover, who is a National Institutes of Health Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Scholar at UT Southwestern.


'/>"/>

Contact: LaKisha Ladson
lakisha.ladson@UTSouthwestern.edu
214-648-3404
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Penn study finds pro-death proteins required to regulate healthy immune function
2. New study shows promise in reducing surgical risks associated with surgical bleeding
3. Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
4. Study suggests loss of 2 types of neurons -- not just 1 -- triggers Parkinsons symptoms
5. Study says COPD testing is not measuring up
6. Preclinical study suggests organ-transplant drug may aid in lupus fight
7. Ability to cope with stress can increase good cholesterol in older white men, study finds
8. High alcohol consumption increases stroke risk, Tulane study says
9. Mailman School of Public Health study examines link between racial discrimination and substance use
10. Pitt study finds inequality in tobacco advertising
11. Stanford study highlights cost-effective method of lowering heart disease risks
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Study finds link between amphetamine abuse and heart attacks in young adults
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... December 09, 2016 , ... The Holy Name ... New York, NY, on December 3rd, to benefit Holy Name Medical Center's programs ... event, which raised over $1 million - the largest event in the Center's ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... December 09, 2016 , ... The ... Cable Network (PCN) during the summer of 2016. The program was made possible ... the United States Department of Health and Human Services Administration. The broadcast, ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... After enjoying record-breaking attendance at ... for its 33rd Annual Issues & Research Conference, March 2-3, 2017, at ... the conference is “Persistent Challenges and New Opportunities: Using Research to Accelerate the ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Seavest Healthcare Properties ... by an affiliate of Seavest, has won a prestigious national healthcare real estate ... ambulatory care center (ACC) was named “Best New Development, MOBs and Other Outpatient ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... With the increasing demand for dental implants, ... Mouth?” (WIYM) campaign to inform dentists and patients about the safety issues related to ... prosthetic market in the U.S. is projected to reach $6.4 billion in 2018 with ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/9/2016)... Dec 9, 2016 Research and Markets has ... report to their offering. ... The global travel vaccines market to grow at ... report covers the present scenario and the growth prospects of the ... the report considers the revenue generated from the sales of various ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... , Dec. 9, 2016  Axovant Sciences ... clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the treatment of ... data from a Phase 2b trial evaluating treatment ... donepezil, compared with donepezil plus placebo in people ... the addition of intepirdine to treatment was associated ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016 IRIDEX Corporation (NASDAQ: ... offer newly issued shares of common stock, $0.01 par value ... an underwritten public offering.  The final terms of the Offering ... of pricing, and there can be no assurance as to ... IRIDEX expects to use the net proceeds it will receive ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: